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2021 Bohahlauli ba Caribbean: Gut Punched

Sekepe sa Caribbean

Linaha tse itšetlehileng haholo ka bohahlauli lefatšeng li kenyelletsa Aruba, Antigua, Barbuda, Bahamas, St. Lucia, Dominica, Grenada, Barbados, St. Vincent, le Grenadines, St. Kitts le Nevis, Jamaica, Belize, Lihlekehleke tsa Cayman , le Rephabliki ea Dominican (iadb.org). Bakeng sa lihlekehleke tsena, bohahlauli ba linaha ke karolo ea bophelo ba bona moruong 'me bo ile ba qhalana hanghang.

Ha COVID e phahamisa hlooho e mpe likepeng tsa likepe, batsamaisi ba ne ba robetse lebiling.
  1. Litaba tsa bohahlauli, tse neng li ka khorisoa le ho rarolloa li sa le qalong li ile tsa lumelloa ho hola le ho hlasela polanete eohle.
  2. Ho fihlela kajeno, batsamaisi ba likepe le batsamaisi ba bohahlauli, baokameli ba mmuso le ba khethiloeng hangata ba hana ho jara boikarabello ba bohlasoa ba bona.
  3. Bongata ba ba ikarabellang bakeng sa indasteri ea sekepe kapa ea bohahlauli ha ho mohla ba kileng ba kopa tšoarelo ka ho se tsotelle linnete le mahlale le mokhoa oa bona oa "hlooho ka lehlabatheng" ho botsamaisi ba mekhatlo ea bona le boiketlo ba bapalami le basebetsi.

Boiketlo ba Bohahlauli

The ho putlama ho hobe ke sehlahisoa sa ho hloleha ho felletseng ha Caribbean ho fapanya mesebetsi ea eona ea moruo le pono e makatsang ea lisebelisoa tsa eona. Sena ke se seng sa libaka tse arohaneng ka ho fetesisa lefats'eng ka boikarabello ba bohahlauli ba liperesente tse 14 tsa GDP ho 2019, boholo ba tikoloho efe kapa efe. Linaha tsa LAC ke tse ling tsa mathata a atileng ka ho fetisisa lefats'eng 'me likoluoa ​​tsa tlhaho li tšoana le mesebetsi ea letsatsi le letsatsi ho fapana le ho ts'oaroa kapa ho makatsoa. Se secha, leha ho le joalo, ke lebelo le ts'oarellang le le tšosang le le phehellang leo coronavirus e amileng metheo ea moruo ea libaka tsena. 

Ba tsoa ho ts'ebetsong ea hibern, ho amohela baeti, maeto, le batsamaisi ba bohahlauli ba pholohileng koluoa ​​e mpe ka ho fetesisa joale ba setse ka mosebetsi o moholo oa ho tlosa indasteri hole le ts'ehetso ea bophelo le ho e fepa hape.

Joalo ka mang kapa mang ea neng a kula - ho na le tlhoko ea ho nka mehato (khafetsa mehato ea masea), ho tloha ho kuleng ho ea ho bophelo bo botle. Haeba bakuli ba lehlohonolo, metsoalle, balelapa le likeletso tse ntle tse tsoang ho marang-rang a Google marang-rang li tla fana ka litsela tsa ho hlaphoheloa. Bakuli ba kanna ba khoptjoa 'me ba thellela morao makhetlo a' maloa, empa ka boits'oaro le boikemisetso, ba tla fola 'me ba itokisetse ntoa.

Mothapo o Otliloeng

Ho ea ka Banka ea Nts'etsopele ea Amerika-Amerika (IDB) seoa sa COVID-19 e lebisitse ho putlheng ho hobe ka ho fetisisa moruong Latin America le Caribbean lilemong tse makholo a mabeli. Ntle le mathata a moruo ke tšusumetso e senyang ea seoa sechabeng le litsing tsa bophelo bo botle. Le ha sebaka sena se emela liperesente tse 8 feela tsa baahi ba lefats'e se tlalehile liperesente tse 28 tsa lefu lohle (atlanticcouncil.org).

Le pele ho lefu la seoa, ts'ebetso ea moruo ka kakaretso ea tikoloho e ne e le mpe ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng ho lekanya kholo ea 0.1 lekholong feela ea sehlahisoa se felletseng sa lehae (GDP) ka selemo sa 2019. Pakeng tsa 2013 le 2019, kholo ea GDP ea Latin America le Caribbean e bile liperesente tse 0.8 le sebaka ha e so ka e khona ho nts'etsapele moruo o ts'oarellang.

WTM London ea 2022 e tla etsahala ho tloha ka la 7-9 Pulungoana 2022. Ngodisa hona joale!

Linaha li arotsoe haholo mabapi le phihlello ea thepa ea sechaba le ea poraefete, ho tloha menyetla ea moruo le thuto ho isa ho tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle le tikoloho e hloekileng / e bolokehileng e mpefalitsoeng ke maemo a phahameng a ts'ebetso ea basebetsi, letsete le tlase la poraefete (liperesente tse 16 tsa GDP), ha li bapisoa le tse ling libaka, 'me sena se ama tlhahiso, boiqapelo le tlhahiso ea mesebetsi e hlophisitsoeng (cepal.org, 2020).

Ho tloha ha ho koaloa boema-fofane le lithibelo tsa maeto bakeng sa bareki, bahahlauli ba fihlang Caribbean ba oele ka liperesente tsa 67 ho 2020 ho latela data ea UN, IMF e nkile qeto ea hore ho lula hoteleng selemo le selemo ho theohile ka liperesente tsa 70, 'me leeto la likepe le emisa ka ho felletseng. 

Leha ho na le mananeo a ente le phokotso ea butle-butle ea lithibelo tsa maeto, ho hlaphoheloa ha Caribbean ho lieha haholo ho qobella Letlole la Lichelete la Machabeng (IMF) ho theola sekhahla sa kholo ea 2021 se lebelletsoeng ho tloha ho 4.0 ho isa ho liperesente tsa 2.4 tikolohong ka bophara. Ho bile le bonyane mafu a tlalehiloeng a 38,789,000 le a 1,310,000 a tlalehiloeng ka lefu le bakiloeng ke rona coronavirus e Latin America le Caribbean (graphics.reuters.com). Ho tšoaetso e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e 100 e tlalehiloeng lefats'eng ka bophara, e ka bang 26 e tlalehiloe ho tsoa linaheng tsa Latin America le Caribbean. Sebaka sena hajoale se tlaleha tšoaetso e ncha milione ka matsatsi a mang le a mang a 8 mme e tlalehile tse fetang 38,789,999 esale lefu lena le qala.

Phokotso ea bahahlauli e qobelitse indasteri ho fokotsa mesebetsi - eo, tikolohong eo bohahlauli bo ikarabellang bakeng sa mesebetsi e limilione tse 2.8 (liperesente tse ka bang 15 tsa khiro e felletseng). Ena ke mathata a tebileng a moruo. Ka kakaretso, Caribbean e lahlile mesebetsi e fetang limilione tse 2 ka lebaka la seoa (Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Basebetsi), a mangata lekaleng la bohahlauli.

Ha linaha tsa LAC li tobana le maqhubu a macha a coronavirus hara letšolo la ho enta butle, ho tla ba thata ho hlaphoheloa. Meaho e meholo e koetsoe: Rephabliking ea Dominican, kamore ea 400 ea bokhabane Punta Kana; Jamaica, Half Moon Hotel Jamaica (400); St. Kitts, Ocean Terrace Inn ea likamore tse 50.

Ka lehlakoreng le leng, Lihlekehleke tsa Sandals hammoho le Libaka tsa leoatle li ne li bolokile papatso, li ntlafalitse sistimi ea tsona ea ente le polokeho ea bohahlauli le maemo a bophelo. Phello e bile litefiso tse ntle haholo tsa bolulo nakong eohle ea koluoa, ho ipapisitsoe le ts'epo ea bareki e ntlafalitsoeng ka matšolo a mabifi a ho fihlela batho.
Li-sandals le libaka tsa leoatle li tšepisa matsatsi a phomolo a se nang matšoenyeho mme ke khonne ho fana ka ts'episo ena ho fihlela joale.

Bohahlauli ha bo na monyetla oa ho phahama ho fihlela sebaka se laola vaerase. Hajoale, Pan American Health Organisation e fumana lefats'e le "bohareng ba seoa se ntseng se mpefala," mme vaerase e ntse e tsoela pele ho hlasela lihlekehleke tsa Caribbean moo lipalo tsa linyeoe tsa letsatsi le leng le le leng li nyolohang, mme mebuso e likolotong ea Caribbean e na le lisebelisoa tse fokolang ho boloka moruo oa tsona o lula o le teng. .

Letona la Bohahlauli la Jamaica, Edmund Barlett o shebile taba e pharalletseng ka leihlo la lefats'e mme a nka bothata. E ile ea lumella Jamaica ho kenya letsoho tharollong mme ea etsa hore lentsoe la Caribbean le utloe le ho hlaka. Jamaica e ile ea fetoha lehae la Setsi sa Global Resilience le Crisis Management Center se nang le makala a Malta, Nepal, Kenya, mme haufinyane le Saudi Arabia. Bartlett o boletse eTurboNews, hore o thabetse phallo ea palo ea baeti ba hona joale.

Nako e telele

Ho felloa ke mosebetsi lefapheng la bohahlauli ho ama haholo-holo ho bacha, basali le basebetsi ba sa rutehang haholo kahoo ho eketsa bofuma le ho se lekane. Khaello ea phapano le botsitso e boetse e phatlalatsa ho koaloa ha khoebo le ho oa ha lichelete lihoteleng, libakeng tsa phomolo le makaleng a mang a amanang le lits'ebeletso tsa bohahlauli (ke hore, lireschorente, mabenkele, bahahlauli, bakhanni ba litekesi). Ka phokotso ea sefofane le likhohlano tse tsoelang pele le liqeto tsa go / no lefapheng la sekepe, balekane ba indasteri ba itšetlehileng ka bapalami ba likepe ha ba na thuso haeba likepe li hlakotsoe ka ho sa feleng kapa li khutlisetsoa libakeng tse ling.

Mokoti oa Chelete          

Sebaka sa Caribbean se teng haholo ka mokoloto. Leha sechaba sa machabeng sa lichelete se butse sepache sa sona se kopaneng ho fihlela tlhoko ea tšebeliso ea chelete ea sechaba tikolohong eo, tšehetso e bile sabole e sehang ka n doublea tse peli; likhatello tsa haufinyane li fokotsoe empa linaha tse ngata joale li tobane le phephetso ha khaello ea lichelete e ntse e hola le ho kalima ho ba thata le ho feta le mathata a ntse a le teng.

Litaba Tse Amanang

Mabapi le mongoli

Ngaka Elinor Garely - ea ikhethang ho eTN le mohlophisi ea ka sehloohong, li-veine

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