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Ha ho na li-sensors tse silafalitseng moea: FAA le EASA ha li tsotelle?

tsoa mali moeeng
lisele tse silafatsang moea o lemosang

Leha a tseba ka litlamorao tsa "sefeela se tsoang mali" ka mashome a lilemo le monyetla oa ho ba le phapusi e silafalitsoeng ea bapalami, balaoli ba lifofane ho potoloha le lefats'e joalo ka US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) le European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), ho sena bothata bo ikhethileng, beha lithahasello tsa khoebo ea indasteri ea lifofane pele ho polokeho ea sefofane le bophelo bo botle ba sechaba, ho bolela GCAQE.

  1. Mekhatlo ea basebetsi le Mookameli oa Boleng ba Moea oa Global Cabin ba sebelitse le indasteri ka lilemo tse fetang leshome ho lumellana le maemo a amohelehang a boemo ba moea ba lifofane.
  2. Basebetsi ba bang ba bile ba kula ba tlohetse phepelo e silafetseng ea moea.
  3. Ke sefofane sefe se rarollotseng bothata bona ka sistimi e "sa felloang mali"?

Letšolo la lefats'e ka bophara le phatlalalitsoe le kopa hore ho kenngoe tlamo ea ts'ebetso ea ho sefa le ho lemosa hore e kenngoe lifofaneng tsohle tsa baeti. Morero ona o phatlalalitsoe kajeno ke Global Cabin Air Quality Executive (GCAQE) e le "Letšolo la Moea o Hloekileng". E hloka hore batsamaisi le mebuso lefats'eng ka bophara ba laele hore ho hlahisoe lihlatso tse sebetsang tsa "moea o tsoang mali" le li-sensors tse silafetseng tsa temoso ea moea lifofaneng tsa baeti.

Lilemong tse 20 tse fetileng, ho bile le likhothaletso le liphuputso tse fetang 50 tse entsoeng ke mafapha a likotsi tsa moea a 12 lefats'eng ka bophara a neng a amana ka kotloloho le ho pepeseha ho silafetseng hoa moea ho lifofane tsa jete tsa baeti. Leha ho le joalo, lifofane tsa khoebo li ntse li tsoela pele ho fofa ntle le lits'ebetso tse silafetseng tsa temoso ea moea ho tsebisa bapalami le basebetsi ha moea oo ba o hemang o silafetse.

Phoso ea moralo e amana le tsela eo moea o phefumolohang o fofisang lifofane tsohle tsa baeti ba jete (ntle le Boeing 787) e fanoa. Moea o phefumolohang o fuoa bapalami le basebetsi ba sa hloekisoang ka kotloloho ho tsoa karolong ea lienjineri kapa ho Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), enjene e nyane mohatleng oa sefofane. Ena ke ts'ebetso e tsejoang e le "moea o tsoang mali" hobane "o tsoa" ho tsoa karolong e chesang ea khatello ea enjene. "Moea o tsoang mali" ha o tlhotliloeng mme ho tsebahala hore o silafalitsoe ke lioli tsa maiketsetso tsa jete le maro a haeteroliki.

Makotikoti a enjene ea jete le lihlahisoa tsa metsi a haeteroliki tse silafatsang phepelo ea moea o phefumolohang le eo batho ba pepeselitsoeng ho eona, li bolela ka ho hlaka:

  • “U se ke ua phefumoloha moholi kapa mouoane o tsoang sehlahisoa se chesang”
  • "Kotsi ea ho baka mofetše"
  • “Kotsi ea ho hloka thari”
  • "Kotsi ea litlamorao tsa methapo" jj.

Indasteri hangata e re boleng ba moea ka sefofaneng bo betere ho feta ka tlung kapa ofising. Leha ho na le polelo ena, indasteri e sefa "moea o tsoang mali" o sebelisetsoang Fuel Tank Inerting System (FTIS) e ileng ea hlahisoa kamora koluoa ​​ea TWA 800 ho thibela mollo oa tanka ea mafura. Sistimi ea FITS e sebetsa ka ho fana ka tikoloho e nang le naetrojene ka tankeng ea mafura. Sistimi ena e boetse e sebelisa "moea o tsoang mali," empa ka lebaka la boteng ba mosi oa oli oa enjene "moeeng o tsoang mali" le litlamorao tse mpe tsamaisong ena, "moea o tsoang mali" ona o tlhotliloeng. Hobaneng ha indasteri e sa hloekisoe "moea o tsoang mali" oo batho ba o phefumolohang? Video e khuts'oane e hlalosang ntlha ena ea bohlokoa e leqepheng la webosaete ea phutuho ho: gcaqe.org/cleanair

Lioli tsa jete le maro a haeteroliki li na le li-organophosphates. Lik'hemik'hale tsena li fumanoe ka lisampole tse makholo tsa swab tse entsoeng bokaholimo ba lifofane le liphuputsong tse ngata tsa ho lekola moea.

Letšolo lena le tšehelitsoe ke baemeli ba basebetsi ba lifofane ba fetang milione e le 'ngoe, European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), European Transport Workers' Federation (ETF), International Transport Workers 'Federation (ITF), le European Cabin Crew Association (EurECCA ).

Ho ts'ehetsa lets'olo la bona GCAQE e phatlalalitse filimi e khuts'oane ea thuto ka lipuo tse fetang 40. Ba boetse ba lokolitse filimi e khutšoane ea li-animated e hlalosang metheo ea sistimi ea phepelo ea moea lifofaneng. Lifilimi ka bobeli li fumaneha leqepheng la GCAQE Clean Air Campaign.

'Muelli oa GCAQE Captain Tristan Loraine o itse: "Ho latela maikutlo a GCAQE, leha ba tseba ka taba ena ka mashome a lilemo, balaoli ba lifofane ho pota lefatše joalo ka US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) le European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), ho bothata bona bo ikhethileng, beha lithahasello tsa khoebo ea indasteri ea Aerospace ka pele ho polokeho ea sefofane le bophelo bo botle ba sechaba. Ba hlotsoe ho laela ho kengoa hoa lits'ebetso tse silafetseng tsa tlhokomeliso ea moea kapa lits'oants'o tsa 'moea o tsoang mali'. Ba boetse ba hlotsoe ho batla lifofane tsa lifofane ho tsebisa basebetsi kapa bapalami ka liphatlalatso tsena. Sebakeng seo, ba re moea oa lifofane o betere ho feta lapeng la hau mme ba tsoelapele ho batla lipatlisiso tse ling. Sephetho feela sa ho kopa lipatlisiso tse ling e tla ba ho lieha ho nka mehato e fokotsang e hlokahalang hona joale, ho rarolla bothata bona ba sechaba le polokeho ea sefofane. ”

Polokeho ea lifofane e 'nile ea sekisetsoa khafetsa ka lebaka la basebetsi ba holofetseng kapa ba holofetseng ka ho felletseng ho tloha moeeng o silafetseng. Basebetsi le bapalami ba na le litlamorao tse mpe tsa nako e khuts'oane le tse telele tsa bophelo bo botle ka lebaka la likotsi tsena. Basebetsi ba bang ba 'nile ba kula ba tlohetse mesebetsi ena. Joalokaha ho tlalehiloe ke Howard et al (2017/2018), ha a bua ka aetiology ea lefu la aerotoxic, ho na le bopaki ba hore ntle le motsoako o rarahaneng oa mesi e kotsi ea lik'hemik'hale e tsoelang pele e le teng moeeng oa khabinete, ho boetse ho na le sefofane sa likaroloana tsa ultrafine (UFPs ), Ho tlisa litlamorao tsa bohlokoa tsa bophelo bo botle ba ho pepesehela aerosol ea li-UFP ka nako e sa lekanyetsoang.

Ntle le "Campaign e Hloekileng ea Moea" le "Seboka sa Moea oa Lifofane sa 2021" se tla tšoaroa ho tloha ka la 15-18 Hlakubele 2021, GCAQE le eona e sa tsoa theha sistimi ea pele ea tlaleho ea lefats'e bakeng sa liketsahalo tse silafetseng tsa moea, tse tsejoang e le LIEKETSE. "Global Cabin Air Reporting System," eo mang kapa mang a ka e sebelisang, e fumaneha ho: https://gcars.app/

Captain Tristan Loraine le eena o itse: “Indasteri e fihlelletse lintho tse ngata tse ntle lilemong tse 50 tse fetileng. Ho nkile mehato e mengata ho matlafatsa polokeho ea sefofane empa ka masoabi makasineng ena, e hlotsoe. Balaoli ba re ba hloka ho tseba hore na ke lik'hemik'hale life tse teng nakong ea ketsahalo e silafalitsoeng ea moea pele ba ka nahana ho laela mahlale a macha ho fokotsa bothata. Ba tsebile lilemo tse fetang 20 tse fetileng hore na ho ne ho e-na le lik'hemik'hale tse teng, kaha ba na le tlhaiso-leseling ka lipatlisiso tse mabapi le ho holofala ho felletseng ha bafofisi ba babeli ba sefofane sa lapeng sa Sweden se tsejoang ka hore ke ketsahalo ea 'Malmo'. Ha ho kholoe hore ba ntse ba hloleha ho lokisa phoso ena ea mantlha ea boqapi. ”

Mekhatlo e mengata ea basebetsi le GCAQE e sebelitse le indasteri ka lilemo tse fetang leshome ho lumela maemo a amohelehang a boemo ba moea ba lifofane. Bokhoni ba ho fihlela tumellano mabapi le taba ena bo sa tsoa belaelloa kamora ketso ea indasteri ho liehisa maemo a macha a CEN.