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Libaka tsa nalane tse kotsing ka ho fetesisa tsa Amerika ka 2022

Libaka tsa nalane tse kotsing ka ho fetesisa tsa Amerika ka 2022
Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama
ngotsoeng ke Harry Johnson

The National Trust for Historic Preservation kajeno e senola lethathamo la eona la selemo le selemo le lebelletsoeng haholo la Libaka tse 11 tsa Nalane tse Kotsing ka ho Fetisisa tsa Amerika.

Libaka tse leshome le motso o mong lethathamong la 2022 li emela papiso e matla ea nalane e pharalletseng ea Amerika.

Mefuta e mengata ea litso, nalane le libaka tse hlakisitsoeng lethathamong la 2022 li thusa ho bontša kamoo ho pheta pale e felletseng ho ka thusang motho e mong le e mong ho iponahatsa a bonahatsoa nakong e fetileng ea naha ea rona e nang le mekhahlelo e mengata.

Lethathamo la monongoaha le khantša lintlha tsa motheo tse thehileng pale ea sechaba sa habo rona—cheko ea tokoloho ea motho ka mong, tlhokahalo ea toka le toka e lekanang, ho tsitlallela ho ba le lentsoe sechabeng, le mathata a tsoelang pele a ho phethahatsa litoro tsena.

Selemo le selemo, lethathamo lena le totobatsa mehlala ea bohlokoa ea lefa la meralo le setso sa sechaba sa habo rona seo, ntle le ts'ebetso e sebelisoang le bobuelli ba hang-hang, se tla lahleha kapa se tobane le tšenyo e ke keng ea lokisoa. Ka lebaka la boikitlaetso ba National Trust le mosebetsi o chesehang oa litho tsa rona, bafani, baahi ba amehileng, balekane ba sa etseng phaello le ba etsang phaello, mekhatlo ea mmuso, le ba bang, ho beoa lethathamong la 11 Hangata ke mohau o pholosang bakeng sa matšoao a bohlokoa a setso. Paleng ea lilemo tse 35 ea Lethathamo la Libaka tse 11 tse Kotsing ka ho Fetisisa tsa Histori tsa Amerika, ho lahlehile liperesente tse ka tlase ho tse hlano tsa libaka tse fetang 300 tse bonoang.

"Libaka tsena tse leshome le motso o mong tse kotsing li tobane le maemo a bohlokoa a phetoho, 'me haeba li ka lahleha, re tla be re lahlile karolo ea bohlokoa ea pale ea rona e kopaneng," ho boletse Katherine Malone-France, Ofisiri e ka Sehloohong ea Polokeho ea National Trust. "Ka ho ba kenyelletsa lethathamong lena, re na le monyetla oa ho lemoha bohlokoa ba bona le ho loana ho ba sireletsa, ho e-na le ho ba shebella ba nyamela sebakeng sa rona sa naha 'me ba senyeha mohopolong. Ka lethathamo la selemo sena, re thusa ho holisa boitsebahatso ba Amerika ka libaka tse phetang lipale tseo e leng tsa bohlokoa haholo, empa tse ngata tsa tsona li kile tsa hlokomolohuoa kapa li patiloe ka boomo. Hang ha li hopoloa le ho hlokomeloa, li ntlafatsa le ho tebisa kutloisiso ea rōna ka rōna re le batho ka bomong le re le batho ba Amerika.”

Lenane la 2022 la Libaka tse 11 tsa Nalane tse Kotsing ka ho Fetisisa tsa Amerika (alfabeta ho ea ka naha/tikoloho):

Brown Chapel AME Church, Selma, Alabama

Brown Chapel AME Kereke e bile le karolo ea bohlokoa mehoantong ea Selma ho ea Montgomery e thusitseng ho fetisoa ha Molao oa Litokelo Tsa Ho Vouta oa 1965. Tšenyo e matla ea mohloa e qobelletse Brown Chapel ho koala mamati a eona ho phutheho ea eona e mafolofolo le ho etela sechaba bakeng sa bokamoso bo lebelletsoeng. Historic Brown Chapel AME Church Preservation Society, Incorporated, e batla litšebelisano, lisebelisoa le tšehetso ho netefatsa hore sebaka sena se halalelang se ka tsoela pele ho sebeletsa sechaba sa sona le sechaba e le lebone la tšepo bakeng sa phetoho e ntle le tekano.

Camp Naco, Naco, Arizona

Camp Naco ke lejoe la bohlokoa bakeng sa nalane ea Masole a Buffalo le moetlo oa boikhohomoso oa mebuso ea sesole sa Black kamora Ntoa ea Lehae. E hahiloe ke Sesole sa US ho qala ka 1919, meaho ena ea adobe ke eona feela e setseng likampong tse 35 tse hahiloeng ka nako eo haufi le moeli oa US-Mexico. Ka mor'a hore kampo e felisoe ka 1923, setša se ile sa feta har'a beng ba bangata 'me se senyehile, se pepesehetse, khoholeho ea mobu le mollo. Hona joale Toropo ea Bisbee e na le Camp Naco 'me e sebetsa haufi-ufi le Naco Heritage Alliance le balekane ba bang ho tsebahatsa lichelete tsa bohlokoa le litšebelisano ho tsosolosa mehaho ea histori ea likampo le ho e tsosolosa bakeng sa tšebeliso ea sechaba, bohahlauli le thuto.

Chicano/a/x Meralo ea Sechaba ea Colorado

Litšoantšo tsa sechaba tsa Chicano/a/x tse fumanehang ho pholletsa le Colorado li khantša Movement ea naha ka bophara ea Chicano/a/x ea bo-1960 le bo-70 e neng e kopanya boitseko ba lipolotiki le thuto ea setso ka bonono. Kajeno, mesebetsi ea bonono e matla e sokeloa ka mekhoa e mengata, ho kenyelletsa le khaello ea ts'ireletso ea molao, gentrification, le boemo ba leholimo bo bobe ba Colorado. The Chicano/a/x Murals of Colorado Project e batla tšehetso bakeng sa boiteko bo tsoelang pele ba ho hlahloba, ho khetha, ho sireletsa le ho boloka matlotlo ana a bohlokoa a setso.

Deborah Chapel e Hartford, Connecticut

Deborah Chapel, mohlala o sa tloaelehang le oa pele oa Amerika oa sebopeho sa lepato sa Sejuda, se emela boetapele bo matla ba basali ka har'a mekhatlo ea bolumeli le ea sechaba ea Sejuda ea lekholong la bo19 la lilemo. Phutheho ea Beth Israel e entse kopo ea tumello ea ho heletsa mohaho ho sa tsotellehe mabitso a eona a histori a naha le a naha. Babuelli ba ho e boloka - ho kenyeletsoa baahi ba boahelani, litsebi tsa Sejuda, mekhatlo e sa etseng phaello, Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office, le Motse oa Hartford - ba khothaletsa mong'a eona ho sebelisana le ba amehang ho nahana ka tšebeliso e ncha kapa ho fetisetsa beng ho netefatsa polokeho.

Sekolo sa Mathomo sa Francisco Q. Sanchez, Humåtak, Guam

E hahiloe ka 1953 mme e entsoe ke setsebi sa Moralo oa Mohaho Richard Neutra, Francisco Q. Sanchez Elementary School e ne e le motse feela oa sekolo sa Humåtak ho fihlela se koaloa ka 2011. Kajeno, mohaho ha o na motho, ha o sebelisoe ebile oa senyeha. Ramotse oa Humåtak Johnny Quinata, Guam Preservation Trust, le ba bang ba buella kabo ea kapele ea lichelete ho tsoa ho Mmuso oa Guam e le hore sekolo se ka tsosolosoa e le setsi sa bophelo ba setso sa motse.

Sebaka sa Naha sa Histori sa Minidoka, Jerome, Idaho

Ka 1942, mmuso oa US o ile oa tlosa ka likhoka ma-Amerika a Majapane a 13,000 ho tloha Pacific Northwest ho ea sebakeng se neng se tsejoa e le Minidoka War Relocation Camp mahaeng a boroa-bohareng ba Idaho. Kajeno, polasi ea moea e reriloeng haufi le Sebaka sa Naha sa Histori sa Minidoka, se ka kenyelletsang kaho ea li-turbine sebakeng sa nalane ea kampo, e ts'osetsa ho fetola sebaka se ntseng se fetisa ho itšehla thajana ho ma-Amerika a Majapane a koaletsoeng moo. Metsoalle ea Minidoka le balekane ba eona ba khothaletsa Bureau of Land Management ho sireletsa Minidoka National Historic Site e le sebaka sa ho ithuta le ho folisa.

Setšoantšo sa Cave, Warren County, Missouri

E nkuoa e le e 'ngoe ea likhokahano tse halalelang le tsa bohlokoa bophelong ba baholo-holo ba Osage ba Missouri, Lehaha la Setšoantšo se na le makholo a litšoantšo tsa mehleng ea Late Woodland le Mississippian ea nalane ea Osage. Leha Sechaba sa Osage se ile sa leka ho reka setša se nang le Lehaha la Setšoantšo ka 2021, setša se ile sa rekisetsoa moreki ea sa tsejoeng ea neng a so ka a buisana le Sechaba sa Osage leha a ne a leka ho fihla. Baeta-pele ba merabe ba na le tšepo ea ho khothalletsa mong'a e mocha ho fana ka monyetla oa ho fumana Sechaba sa Osage le ho sireletsa le ho hlompha sebaka sena se halalelang.

Lehae la Brooks-Park le Studios, East Hampton, New York

The Brooks-Park Home le Studios li pheta pale e susumetsang ea Abstract Expressionist baetsi ba litšoantšo James Brooks (1906-1992) le Charlotte Park (1918-2010) nakong e mahlonoko ea histori ea bonono ba Amerika. Ho tloha ha baetsi ba litšoantšo ba e-shoa, ho senngoa ha thepa, liphoofolo tse hlaha le ho hlokomolohuoa ha bona ho amme mehaho e neng e se na batho, e ntseng e senyeha. Brooks-Park Arts and Nature Center e ts'epa ho sebelisana 'moho le Toropo ea East Hampton ho nchafatsa meaho joalo ka setsi sa sechaba sa bonono le tsa tlhaho se ketekang lefa la baetsi ba litšoantšo ka bobeli, empa Toropo e tlameha ho vouta ka molao ho amohela paballo, 'me chelete e eketsehileng le tšebelisano-'moho e tla ba teng. hlokahala.

Palmer Memorial Institute, Sedalia, North Carolina

E thehiloe ka 1902 ke mosuoe ea hloahloa Dr. Charlotte Hawkins Brown, Palmer Memorial Institute e fetotse bophelo ba liithuti tse fetang 2,000 tsa Maafrika a Amerika pele e koaloa ka 1971. Kajeno, tse tharo tsa libaka tsa eona tsa khale tsa bolulo ha li na batho 'me ha li sa sireletseha ho kena. Lefapha la North Carolina la Lisebelisoa tsa Tlhaho le Setso, North Carolina African American Heritage Commission, Division of State Historic Sites, Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum, le Toropo ea Sedalia li tšepa hore litoro li ka tsosolosoa e le hore li ka boela tsa e-ba karolo ea bohlokoa. ea sechaba le ho thusa ho pheta pale e felletseng ea bophelo ba baithuti ho Palmer Memorial Institute.

Olivewood Cemetery, Houston, Texas

E kenyelelitsoe ka 1875, Olivewood ke e 'ngoe ea mabitla a khale ka ho fetisisa a tsebahalang a Maafrika a Amerika a Houston, a nang le mabitla a fetang 4,000 sebakeng sa eona sa lihekthere tse 7.5. Kajeno, liketsahalo tse feteletseng tsa boemo ba leholimo ka lebaka la phetoho ea boemo ba leholimo lia senyeha le ho senya mabitla. The nonprofit Descendants of Olivewood, Inc., mohlokomeli oa semolao oa mabitla, e entse boithuto bo felletseng ho hlakisa boholo ba ts'okelo le ho tseba mekhoa e ikhethileng ea ts'ireletso le phokotso, empa babuelli ba hloka litšebelisano le lichelete ho phethahatsa merero ena.

Jamestown, Virginia

Sebaka sa pele sa bolulo ba pele ba Senyesemane Amerika Leboea le motse-moholo oa pele oa kolone ea Virginia, Jamestown e emetse ho kopanngoa ha litso Amerika Leboea, ho tloha lilemo tse 12,000 tsa nalane ea matsoalloa ho fihlela ho fihla ha bajaki ba Manyesemane le ho falla ka likhoka ha batho ba makhoba. ho tsoa Afrika. Lipatlisiso tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale li sibollotse hoo e ka bang karolo ea 85 lekholong ea qhobosheane ea lekholong la bo17 la lilemo, bopaki ba mehaho, le lintho tse entsoeng ka matsoho tse fetang limilione tse 3. Empa kajeno, ho phahama ha metsi a leoatle, lifefo, le likhohola tse iphetang ka lebaka la phetoho ea maemo a leholimo li sokela sebaka sa pele. Mokhatlo oa Jamestown Rediscovery Foundation o hloka balekane le lichelete ho phethahatsa merero ea ho fokotsa phetoho ea maemo a leholimo. 

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Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson e bile mohlophisi oa kabelo bakeng sa eTurboNews ka lilemo tse fetang 20. O lula Honolulu, Hawaii, ’me o tsoa Europe. O thabela ho ngola le ho akaretsa litaba.

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