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Limilione tse likete tse 10: India e reretsoe ho fihlela Chaena, e etelle pele litefiso tsa kholo ea baahi lefatšeng ka bophara

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Baahi ba lefatše ba tla eketsa limilione tse likete tse 2 lilemong tse mashome a mararo tse tlang, ho koala ketsahalo ea bohlokoa ea limilione tse likete tse 10 ka 2050, UN e boletse. India, e reretsoeng ho fihlela China, e tla etella pele ts'ebetso eo.

Tlaleho e sa tsoa lokolloa ke Karolo ea Baahi ea Lefapha la Moruo le Boiketlo ba Machaba a Kopaneng (DESA) e bitsoang 'Litebello tsa Baahi ba Lefatše 2019: Lintlha-kholo' li hakanya hore batho ba libilione tse 9.7 ba tla lula Lefatšeng ka 2050, keketseho ea ba babeli bilione ho tloha joale.

Ho hakanngoa hore linaha tse robong li ikarabella ho feta halofo ea ts'ebetso eo. E etelletseng pele ke India, eo ho lebelletsoeng hore e tla eketsa limilione tse 273 ho baahi ba eona ba seng ba le bangata ba limilione tse likete tse 1.37 le ho fihlela Chaena, eo baahi ba eona ba lebelletsoeng ho fokotseha ka limilione tse 31.4 lipakeng tsa 2019 le 2050. Baahi ba China ba tla tsoelapele ho fokotseha mme ba ikemiselitse ho fihla ho 1.1 billion ka 2100, ha India e lebelletsoe ho ba le baahi ba 1.4 billion ka nako eo.

Lebelo la bobeli Nigeria ha e salletse morao haholo, 'me ho lebelletsoe hore e tla eketsa batho ba limilione tse 200 ka 2050. Pakistan, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt le US ke linaha tse ling tse supileng tse tla khanna keketseho ea baahi ba lefatše lilemong tse 30 tse tlang, ho latela tlaleho.

Empa ho tlola ho hoholo ka boholo ba baahi ho tla etsahala Afrika e ka boroa ho Sahara, moo e tla hola habeli ka 2050, nts'etsopele e ka tsoelang pele ho thatafalletsa litsamaiso tsa sechaba tse senyehileng habonolo.

"Batho ba bangata ba hōlang ka potlako ba linaheng tse futsanehileng haholo, moo kholo ea baahi e tlisang mathata a mang," ho boletse Mongoli-Kakaretso oa DESA, Liu Zhenmin phatlalatsong ea boralitaba ka Mantaha.

Le ha lipalo li hlolla, kholo ea baahi e ea fokotseha mme ho lebelletsoe hore e tla ema. Hona joale, ka karolelano palo ea bana ba tsoalo ka mosali e mong le e mong ke 2.5, empa ka 2050 ho hakanngoa hore e tla theohela ho 2.2, e behang lefatše lintšing tsa ho fokotseha ha baahi. Sekhahla sa tsoalo ea 2.1 ea mosali ka mong se nkuoa se sa lekana ho boloka sechaba, se lebelletsoeng ho fihla sehlohlolong qetellong ea lekholo la lilemo ho limilione tse likete tse 11.

Palo e tlase ea bana ba tsoalo ka mosali e tla fihla linaheng tse thata ka ho fetisisa tse 55 tse ikemiselitseng ho bona palo ea batho e theoha ka bonyane lekholong. Sephutheloana sena se etelletsoe pele ke China ebe se lateloa ke linaha tse ling, tse ngata tse fumanehang Europe Bochabela kapa Caribbean. Lithuania le Bulgaria li tla senyeha ka ho fetisisa, ha li bona baahi ba tsona ba fokotseha ka liperesente tse 23 ka 2050. Latvia, ka khakanyo ea liperesente tse 22, e lateloa ke Lihlekehleke tsa Wallis le Futuna (liperesente tse 20), le Ukraine (liperesente tse 20).

Ha bafuputsi ba ntse ba hlaba mokhosi ka lebaka la kholo e potlakileng ea baahi linaheng tse tsoelang pele moruong, ba boetse ba supa palo e ntseng e hola ea batho ba lilemo tse 65 le ho feta tse bakang moroalo oa moruo. Le ha ho le joalo ke motho a le mong ho ba 11 ea seng a le sehlopheng sena sa lilemo, ka 2050, a le mong ho ba tšeletseng o tla ba 65 kapa ho feta. Libakeng tse ling, joalo ka Asia, Latin America le Leboea la Afrika, palo ea batho ba tsofetseng e lebelletsoe ho imena habeli ka selemo sa 2050, ho latela thuto.

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