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Brilliant Hotel Man o Haha Palmer House Chicago ka 1871

setšoantšo ka tlhompho ea S.Turkel

Ntlo ea pele ea Palmer e hahiloe ka 1871 ke Potter Palmer ea ileng a qala mosebetsi oa hae e le tlelereke ea banka ka leboea ho New York. Hamorao e ile ea e-ba mong'a lebenkele la thepa e omileng Chicago moo a ileng a fetola khoebo ea mabenkele. Ke eena oa pele oa ho etsa lipontšo tse kholo tsa lifensetere, ho sebelisa libaka tse kholo tsa papatso, ho romela thepa ka tumello malapeng le ho rekisa ka theko e tlaase. E ile ea e-ba monna ea hloahloa oa hotele ha a ntse a sebelisa mekhoa ea hae e atlehileng ea lebenkele ho sebetsa hoteleng ea hae. Ha aa ka a bona lebaka la hore na ke hobane'ng ha litlelereke, baapehi le batho ba fanang ka lijo ba se ke ba fuoa taeo e tšoanang le ea batho ba tsamaeang fatše le batho ba tlolang fatše. The Hotel Gazette e re a ka bonoa ka lihora tsohle sebakeng sa kamohelo ea baeti le liphasejeng tsa Palmer House a ntse a shebelletse le ho tsamaisa.

Ho bile le lihotele tse tharo tse fapaneng tsa Palmer House. Ea pele, e tsejoang e le The Palmer, e hahiloe e le mpho ea lenyalo e tsoang ho Potter Palmer ho monyaluoa oa hae Bertha Honorè. E ile ea buloa ka la 26 Loetse 1871, empa ka mokhoa o makatsang e ile ea senngoa ke mollo matsatsi a leshome le metso e meraro hamorao ho Great Chicago Fire. Palmer o ile a tsosolosa ka potlako Palmer House e ileng ea buloa hape ka 1875. E ile ea phatlalatsoa e le "Hotele e le 'Ngoe Feela ea Bopaki ba Mollo Lefatšeng" 'me e na le sebaka se seholo sa baeti, liholo tsa bolo, liphaposi tse majabajaba, li-bridal suites, lik'hafi le lireschorente. Hotele e ile ea hohela baahi ba maemo a holimo ba neng ba natefeloa ke libaka tsa bolulo tse sephara, likamore tsa ho robala tse hloahloa, liphaposi tse tsamaeang ka maoto, liphaposi tse ngata tsa ho hlapa, tsa ho hloekisa matlo le lits'ebeletso tsa porter. Ka 1925, Palmer e ile ea aha hotele e ncha ea mekato e 25 e ileng ea phahamisoa e le hotele e kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng. Baetsi ba meralo e ne e le Holabird & Roche ba neng ba tsebahala haholo ka Chicago School of skyscrapers ea bona. Ba boetse ba ralile Stevens Hotel, Cook County Courthouse, Chicago City Hall le Muehlebach Hotel e Kansas City.

Ntlo e ncha ea Palmer e kile ea hopoloa ka taba ea hore lidolara tse 225 tsa silevera li kentsoe mokatong oa lithaele tsa checkerboard sebakeng sa ho kuta.

Li ile tsa behoa moo ke William S. Eaton, mohiri oa lebenkele, ea ileng a kenya letsoho ka mohopolo ona lilemong tse 'maloa tse latelang. E mong le e mong o ne a batla ho bona boemo boo ka bohelehele feela kapa ho etsa bonnete ba hore motho ea kutang moriri o ne a ka bontša chelete ea hae.

E le e 'ngoe ea tse telele ka ho fetisisa tse sebetsang All hotels Amerika, Palmer House e na le lenane le ikhethang la baeti ba tummeng ho kenyelletsa le mopresidente e mong le e mong ho tloha ha Ulysses S. Grant, baeta-pele ba bangata ba lefats'e, batho ba tummeng le basomi ba Chicago. Kamore ea Empire e Palmer House e ile ea fetoha sebaka sa lipontšo Chicago. Nakong ea Pontšo ea Lefatše ea 1933, sehlopha sa tantši se sa tsejoeng sa ballroom, Veloz le Yolanda ba ile ba hapa lipelo tsa toropo 'me ba bapala moo nako e fetang selemo. Ba ile ba lateloa ke batho ba ithabisang ba phelang ho akarelletsa Guy Lombardo, Ted Lewis, Sophie Tucker, Eddie Duchin, Hildegarde, Carol Channing, Phyllis Diller, Bobby Darin, Jimmy Durante, Lou Rawls, Maurice Chevalier, Liberace, Louis Armstrong, Harry Belafonte, Peggy Lee, Frank Sinatra, Judy Garland le Ella Fitzgerald, har'a ba bang.

Ka 1945, Conrad Hilton o ile a ea Chicago ho ea reka Stevens Hotel, hotele e kholo ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng e nang le likamore tse likete tse tharo le libate tse likete tse tharo. Ka mor'a lipuisano tse telele le Stephen A. Healy, mong'a konteraka ea limilione tse ngata le eo e kileng ea e-ba moetsi oa litene, Hilton o ile a reka Stevens. Hamorao selemong sona seo, Hilton o ile a reka Palmer House ho Potter Palmer ka $19,385,000. Hilton o ile a hira Mokolonele Joseph Binns ea neng a sa tsoa lokolloa mosebetsing oa Sesole sa Moeeng oa United States ea neng a e-na le bokhoni ba ho laola lihotele ka bobeli. Hilton o tlalehile tlalehong ea bophelo ea hae ea “Be My Guest”: “Ke ne ke ile Chicago ke tšepile ho reka morafo o le mong oa khauta ’me ka tla hae le tse peli.”

Ka 1971, Palmer House e ketekile letsatsi la eona la tsoalo la bo100. Conrad Hilton oa Octogenarian o ne a le teng meketeng eo. Ramotse oa Chicago Richard J. Daly o itse, “Naheng eohle le lefatšeng, ha ho setsi sa lihotele se tsebahalang kapa se hlomphuoang ho feta Palmer House. …. Batho ba kileng ba kena le ho tsoa toropong ea rona ba nahana ka Palmer House ha ba nahana ka Chicago. ”

Ka 2005, Palmer House e ile ea rekoa ke Thor Equities ka $ 240 million. Joseph A. Sitt, mopresidente oa Thor, o ile a qala ntlafatso e neng e kenyelletsa ntlafatso ea likamore tse 170 1,000 (ho tsoa ho tse 1,639), a eketsa karache ea ho paka makoloi ka tlasa lefatše, a tlosa letoto la phonyoho ea mollo e ileng ea senya seterata sa State Street mme a eketsa bara le reschorente e ncha holong e ntle ea hotele. Mohlomong lingoliloeng tsa papatso tsa Palmer House li re hantle:

E sebakeng se haufi le Magnificent Mile le Setereke sa Theatre sa Chicago, mpho ea lenyalo e tsoang ho Potter Palmer e ntse e tsoela pele ho thabisa baeti ba khathetseng le ba amohelang baeti ba boima haholo.

Palmer House Hilton ke setho sa lenaneo la Historic Hotels of America la National Trust for Historic Preservation. E ne e le hotele ea pele ea Chicago e nang le li- lift, 'me hotele ea pele e nang le mabone a motlakase le mehala ka likamoreng tsa baeti. Leha hotele e ne e bitsoa hotele e telele ka ho fetesisa e tsoelang pele ho sebetsa Amerika Leboea, e ile ea koaloa ka Hlakubele 2020 ka lebaka la seoa sa Covid-19 mme ea buloa hape ka la 17 Phuptjane 2021.

MONGOLI OA TŠEPISANG MOSEBETSI: Stanley Turkel o ile a khethoa e le Rahistori oa Selemo oa 2020 ke Historic Hotels of America, lenaneo le molaong la National Trust for Historic Preservation, leo a neng a reiloe lebitso la lona pejana ka 2015 le 2014. Turkel ke moeletsi oa hotele ea phatlalatsoang ho fetisisa United States. O sebetsa ka mokhoa oa hae oa boeletsi ba hotele e le paki e nang le boiphihlelo linyeoeng tse amanang le hotele, o fana ka taolo ea thepa le lipuisano tsa ho rekisa ka lihotele. O netefalitsoe e le Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ke Setsi sa Thuto sa American Hotel le Lodging Association. [imeile e sirelelitsoe] 917-628-8549

Buka ea hae e ncha "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa.

Libuka tse ling tse hatisitsoeng tsa Hotel:

• Lihotele tse Khabane tsa Amerika: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea lihotele (2009)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tsa New York (2011)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse lilemo li 100+ tsa Bochabela ho Mississippi (2013)

• Hotele Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar oa Waldorf (2014)

• Lihotele tsa Great American Hoteliers Karolo ea 2: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea Hotel (2016)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tse nang le lilemo tse ngata Bophirimela ho Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Buka ea 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Baetsi ba Lihotele ba Great American Hotel Moqolo I (2019)

• Hotele Mavens: Buka ea 3: Bob le Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Libuka tsena kaofela li ka odaroa ho AuthorHouse ka ho etela stanleyturkel.com  le ho tobetsa sehlooho sa buka.

Mabapi le mongoli

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotele-online.com

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