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Old Terminal New Hotel: Roosevelt Hotel le The Postum Building

Setšoantšo se amoheloa ke S.Turkel

Terminal City e simolohile e le mohopolo nakong ea kaho ea Seteishene sa Grand Central ho tloha Seteisheneng sa khale sa Grand Central ho tloha 1903 ho isa 1913. Mong'a seporo, New York Central le Hudson River Railroad, o ne a lakatsa ho eketsa bokhoni ba seteishene sa terene le mabala a terene, mme ka hona e ile ya loha leano la ho epela diporo le mapolanka le ho theha maemo a mabedi a lephephe la diterene tse ntjha, ho feta ho imena ha seteishene habedi.

Histori ea Hotele: Terminal City (1911)

Ka nako e ts'oanang, moenjiniere e moholo William J. Wilgus e bile eena oa pele oa ho lemoha bokhoni ba ho rekisa litokelo tsa moea, tokelo ea ho haha ​​holim'a setoro sa terene se seng se le tlas'a lefatše, bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea thekiso ea matlo. Kaho ea Grand Central e ile ea hlahisa libaka tse 'maloa tsa meaho e meholo Manhattan, ho tloha 42nd ho isa 51st Streets lipakeng tsa Madison le Lexington Avenues. The Realty and Terminal Company hangata e ile ea fumana phaello ho tsoa ho litokelo tsa moea ka e 'ngoe ea litsela tse peli: ho aha meaho le ho e hira kapa ho rekisa litokelo tsa moea ho baetsi ba poraefete ba tla ikahela meaho ea bona.

William Wilgus o ile a bona litokelo tsena tsa moea e le mokhoa oa ho tšehetsa kaho ea setsi sena. Baetsi ba Meaho Reed & Stem qalong ba ile ba etsa tlhahiso ea Metropolitan Opera House e ncha, Madison Square Garden, le moaho oa National Academy of Design. Qetellong, seporo se ile sa etsa qeto ea ho ntlafatsa sebaka seo hore e be setereke sa ofisi ea khoebo.

Moralo oa ntlafatso o qalile nako e telele pele terminal e phethoa. Ka 1903, New York Central Railroad e ile ea theha sehlahisoa, New York State Realty le Terminal Company, ho hlokomela kaho e ka holimo ho lijarete tsa terene tsa Grand Central. New Haven Railroad e ile ea kenella khoebong hamorao. Li-blocks tse ka lehlakoreng le ka leboea la terminal hamorao li ile tsa bitsoa "terminal City" kapa "Grand Central Zone."

Ka 1906, litaba tsa merero ea Grand Central li ne li se li ntse li phahamisa boleng ba thepa e haufi. Ka kopanelo le morero ona, karolo ea Park Avenue ka holim'a lijarete tsa terene tsa Grand Central e fumane sebaka sa bohareng ba naha 'me ea hohela tse ling tsa lihotele tsa lifolete tse turang haholo. Nakong eo setsi se buloang ka 1913, li-blocks tse e potileng li ne li lekana le $ 2 milione ho isa ho $ 3 milione.

Haufinyane Terminal City e ile ea fetoha setereke se lakatsehang sa khoebo le liofisi tsa Manhattan.

Ho tloha ka 1904 ho isa 1926, boleng ba mobu haufi le Park Avenue bo imenne habeli, 'me sebakeng sa Terminal City se eketsehile ka 244%. Sengoliloeng sa 1920 New York Times se boletse hore “ka litsela tse ngata tsoelo-pele ea setša sa Grand Central e fetisitse litebello tsa pele. Ka lihotele tsa eona, meaho ea liofisi, lifolete le literata tse ka tlas'a lefatše ha se boemelo ba terene bo botle feela, empa hape ke setsi se seholo sa sechaba. ”

Setereke sena se ile sa kenyelletsa mehaho ea liofisi e kang Grand Central Palace, Chrysler Building, Chanin Building, Bowery Savings Bank Building le Pershing Square Building; matlo a mabothobotho haufi le Park Avenue; letoto la lihotele tsa maemo a holimo tse neng li kenyelletsa Commodore, Biltmore, Roosevelt, Marguery, Chatham, Barclay, Park Lane, Waldorf Astoria le Yale Club ea New York.

Mehaho ena e entsoe ka setaele sa neoclassical, e tsamaellanang le meaho ea terminal. Le hoja Litsebi tsa Meaho Warren le Wetmore li ile tsa qapa boholo ba mehaho ena, e ile ea boela ea beha leihlo merero ea litsebi tse ling tsa meralo (e kang ea James Gamble Rogers, ea entseng Yale Club) ho netefatsa hore mokhoa oa mehaho e mecha o lumellana le oa Terminal City. Ka kakaretso, moralo oa sebaka sa Terminal City o ne o nkiloe ho Mokhatlo o motle oa Motse, o neng o khothalletsa kutloano ea botle pakeng tsa mehaho e haufi. Ho tsitsa ha mekhoa ea meralo, hammoho le chelete e ngata e fanoeng ke boralibanka ba matsete, ho kentse letsoho katlehong ea Terminal City.

Mohaho oa Graybar, o phethetsoeng ka 1927, e ne e le o mong oa merero ea ho qetela ea Terminal City.

Moaho ona o kenyelletsa lipolanete tse ngata tsa literene tsa Grand Central, hammoho le Graybar Passage, phasejeng e nang le barekisi le liheke tsa terene tse tlohang boemelong ho ea Lexington Avenue. Ka 1929, New York Central e ile ea haha ​​​​ntlo-kholo ea eona mohahong oa mekato e 34, 'me hamorao ea rehoa Helmsley Building, e neng e pota-potile Park Avenue ka leboea ho setsi. Tsoelo-pele e ile ea fokotseha haholo nakong ea Ho tepella ho Hoholo ha Moruo, 'me karolo ea Terminal City e ile ea heletsoa butle-butle kapa ea tsosolosoa ka meralo ea tšepe le khalase ka mor'a Ntoa ea II ea Lefatše.

The City Club of New York, (moo ke sebelelitseng ke le Molula-setulo oa Boto ho tloha 1979 ho 1990) haufinyane tjena o rometse lengolo ho NY Landmarks Preservation Commission e khothalletsang tšireletso ea Libaka bakeng sa Hotel Roosevelt (George B. Post and Son 1924) le Postum. Mohaho (Cross & Cross 1923).

Roosevelt Hotel ke hotele ea nalane e fumanehang 45 East 45th Street (pakeng tsa Madison Avenue le Vanderbilt Avenue) bohareng ba Manhattan. E rehelletsoe ka tlhompho ea Mopresidente Theodore Roosevelt, Roosevelt e ile ea buloa ka la 22 Loetse, 1924. E koetsoe ruri ka la 18 Tšitoe 2020.

Ho na le kakaretso ea likamore tse 1,025 hoteleng, ho kenyelletsa le li-suites tse 52. Mohaho oa Mopresidente oa 3,900-square-foot o na le likamore tse 'nè tsa ho robala, kichine, libaka tsa bolulo le tsa ho jela, le terata e pota-potiloeng. Likamore li khabisitsoe ka tloaelo, li na le thepa ea lehong ea mahogany le likobo tse mebala e khanyang.

Ho ne ho na le lireschorente tse 'maloa ka har'a hotele, ho kenyelletsa:

• "Roosevelt Grill" e sebeletsang lijo tsa Amerika le libaka tse khethehileng tsa lijo tsa hoseng.

• “Madison Club Lounge,” bar le kamore ea ho phomola e nang le mahogany bar e bolelele ba limithara tse 30, lifensetere tsa likhalase tse silafalitsoeng le liifo.

• "Vander Bar," bistro e nang le mekhabiso ea sejoale-joale, e sebeletsang libiri tsa maiketsetso.

Roosevelt e na le 30,000 maoto a lisekoere a maoto a kopano le sebaka sa lipontšo, ho kenyeletsoa liballroom tse peli le likamore tse ling tse 17 tsa liboka tse boholo ho tloha ho 300 ho isa ho 1,100 maoto a lisekoere.

Roosevelt Hotel e hahiloe ke rakhoebo oa Niagara Falls Frank A. Dudley 'me e tsamaisoa ke United Hotels Company. Hotele e entsoe ke feme ea George B. Post & Son 'me e hiriloe ho The New York State Realty and Terminal Company, e leng karolo ea New York Central Railroad. Hotele, e hahiloeng ka theko ea $12,000,000 (e lekanang le $181,212,000 ka 2020), e bile eona ea pele ea ho kenyelletsa libaka tsa mabenkele ho e-na le mekoallo e mathōkong a tsela, kaha ea morao-rao e ne e thibetsoe ka lebaka la Thibelo. Roosevelt Hotel ka nako e 'ngoe e ne e hokahantsoe le Grand Central Terminal ka tsela e tsamaeang ka tlas'a lefatše e hokahanyang hotele le boemelo ba terene. Hona joale tsela e fella ka mose ho seterata ho tloha monyako oa East 45th Street oa hotele. Roosevelt e ne e lula setsi sa pele sa liphoofolo tse ruuoang lapeng le litšebeletso tsa tlhokomelo ea bana The Teddy Bear Room mme e bile le ngaka ea pele ea ka tlung.

Hilton

Conrad Hilton o ile a reka Roosevelt ka 1943, a e bitsa "hotele e ntle e nang le libaka tse ntle" mme a etsa Roosevelt's Presidential Suite lehae la hae. Ka 1947, Roosevelt e ile ea e-ba hotele ea pele ea ho ba le thelevishene ka kamoreng e 'ngoe le e' ngoe.

Hilton Hotels e ile ea reka Statler Hotels ka 1954. Ka lebaka leo, ba ne ba e-na le lihotele tse ngata tse khōlō metseng e mengata e meholo, joaloka New York, moo ba neng ba e-na le Roosevelt, The Plaza, The Waldorf-Astoria, New Yorker Hotel le Hotel. Statler. Nakoana ka mor'a moo, 'muso oa koporasi o ile oa kenya nyeoe khahlanong le Hilton. E le ho rarolla nyeoe eo, Hilton o ile a lumela ho rekisa lihotele tsa bona tse ’maloa, ho akarelletsa Roosevelt Hotel, e ileng ea rekisetsoa Hotel Corporation of America ka la 29 February, 1956, ka $2,130,000 XNUMX XNUMX.

Pakistan International Airlines

Ka 1978, hotele e ne e le ea Penn Central e neng e sokola, e ileng ea e rekisa, hammoho le lihotele tse ling tse peli tse haufi, The Biltmore le The Barclay. Lihotele tsena tse tharo li rekiselitsoe Mokhatlo oa Loews ka $55 milione. Hang-hang Loews o ile a rekisa Roosevelt ho mohlahlami Paul Milstein ka $30 milione.

Ka 1979, Milstein o ile a hira hotele ho Pakistan International Airlines ka khetho ea ho reka mohaho ka mor'a lilemo tse 20 ka theko e behiloeng ea $36.5 milione. Khosana Faisal bin Khalid Abdulaziz Al Saud oa Saudi Arabia e ne e le e mong oa batseteli selekaneng sa 1979. Hotele e ile ea lahleheloa ke basebetsi ba eona $70 milione lilemong tse latelang, ka lebaka la lisebelisoa tsa eona tsa khale.

Ka 2005, PIA e ile ea reka molekane oa eona oa Saudi ka tumellano e neng e kenyelletsa kabelo ea khosana ho Hôtel Scribe e Paris, e le phapanyetsano ea $ 40 milione le karolo ea PIA ea Riyadh Minhal Hotel (Holiday Inn e sebakeng sa khosana). Ka Phupu 2007, PIA e phatlalalitse hore e rekisa hotele. Phaello e ntseng e eketseha ea hotele, ka nako e ts'oanang ha sefofane ka boeona se qala ho ba le tahlehelo e kholo, se ile sa fella ka hore thekiso e tloheloe. Ka 2011, The Roosevelt e ile ea boela ea nchafatsoa haholo, empa ea lula e bulehile nakong ea ts'ebetso.

Ka Mphalane 2020, ho ile ha phatlalatsoa hore hotele e tla koaloa ka botlalo ka lebaka la tahlehelo e tsoelang pele ea lichelete e amanang le seoa sa COVID-19. Letsatsi la ho qetela la ts'ebetso e ne e le la 18 Tšitoe 2020.

Guy Lombardo o qalile ho etella pele sehlopha sa ntlo sa Roosevelt Grill ka 1929; ke mona moo Lombardo le eena a ileng a qala ho tšoara seea-le-moea sa Selemo se Secha sa selemo le selemo le sehlopha sa hae, The Royal Canadians.

Lawrence Welk o qalile mosebetsi oa hae Roosevelt Hotel nakong ea lehlabula ha Lombardo a isa 'mino oa hae Long Island.

'Mino o ne o letsoa ka phapusing e 'ngoe le e 'ngoe ka seea-le-moea. Hugo Gernsback (oa Hugo Award tumme) o ile a qala WRNY ho tloha kamoreng e mokatong oa 18 oa Roosevelt Hotel ho hasana ka tora ea maoto a 125 marulelong.

Ho tloha 1943 ho isa 1955 Roosevelt Hotel e sebelitse e le ofisi ea New York City le bolulo ba 'Musisi Thomas E. Dewey. Sebaka sa bolulo sa mantlha sa Dewey e ne e le polasi ea hae e Pawling, ka leboea ho New York, empa o ile a sebelisa Suite 1527 Roosevelt ho tsamaisa boholo ba khoebo ea hae ea semmuso toropong. Likhethong tsa bopresidente tsa 1948, tseo Dewey a ileng a lahleheloa ke Mopresidente Harry S. Truman ka pherekano e kholo, Dewey, lelapa la hae, le basebetsi ba mametse likhetho tsa likhetho ka Suite 1527 ea Roosevelt.

Terminal City, Roosevelt Hotel le Postum Building ke pelo ea New York. Ba lokela ho fuoa lebitso la Landmarks le tšireletso kapele kamoo ho ka khonehang kaha Roosevelt Hotel e koetsoe mme beng ba moaho oa Postum ba hirile setsebi sa meralo ho "lekola likhetho."

Nalane ea Hotele: Hotelier Raymond Orteig o kopana le Motsamaisi oa Lifofane Charles Lindbergh

MONGOLI OA TŠEPISANG MOSEBETSI: Stanley Turkel o ile a khethoa e le Rahistori oa Selemo oa 2020 ke Historic Hotels of America, lenaneo le molaong la National Trust for Historic Preservation, leo a neng a reiloe lebitso la lona pejana ka 2015 le 2014. Turkel ke moeletsi oa hotele ea phatlalatsoang ho fetisisa United States. O sebetsa ka mokhoa oa hae oa boeletsi ba hotele e le paki e nang le boiphihlelo linyeoeng tse amanang le hotele, o fana ka taolo ea thepa le lipuisano tsa ho rekisa ka lihotele. O netefalitsoe e le Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ke Setsi sa Thuto sa American Hotel le Lodging Association. [imeile e sirelelitsoe] 917-628-8549

Buka ea hae e ncha "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa.

Libuka tse ling tse hatisitsoeng tsa Hotel:

• Lihotele tse Khabane tsa Amerika: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea lihotele (2009)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tsa New York (2011)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse lilemo li 100+ tsa Bochabela ho Mississippi (2013)

• Hotele Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar oa Waldorf (2014)

• Lihotele tsa Great American Hoteliers Karolo ea 2: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea Hotel (2016)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tse nang le lilemo tse ngata Bophirimela ho Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Buka ea 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Baetsi ba Lihotele ba Great American Hotel Moqolo I (2019)

• Hotele Mavens: Buka ea 3: Bob le Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Libuka tsena kaofela li ka odaroa ho AuthorHouse ka ho etela stanleyturkel.com  le ho tobetsa sehlooho sa buka.

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  • Sengoliloeng sa 2007 se khothalelitse hore likhakanyo tsa boleng ba sebaka sena - sebaka seo, e ka bang acre, ka nako e khutšoane ea GCT - ho tloha ho "liranta tse limilione tse 400 ho isa ho $ 1 bilione."

    Na ho na le motho ea lumelang hore boleng ba mobu bohareng ba Manhattan bo theohile ho tloha ka nako eo?

    Ho ea ka litlaleho tse ngata tse hlahang likoranteng tsa Pakistan, hotele e lebelletsoe ho etsa phaello e fetang lidolara tse limilione tse 7.5 selemong sena, 'me likhakanyo tsa nako e tlang li bolela esale pele hore chelete eo e tla eketseha ho fihlela ho liranta tse limilione tse 22 selemo le selemo lilemong tse leshome tse tlang.

    Ke ka mabaka afe a utloahalang ho tsoelapele ho boloka hotele ea mekato e 18 - ho sa tsotellehe hore na e ntle hakae - sebakeng se joalo. Sheba pono ea sefofane ea sebaka seo. Sebaka seo se pota-potiloe ke mehaho e melelele haholo, e sebeletsang litlhoko tse ngata tse sa tšoaneng.

    Kea ipotsa hore na beng ba hona joale ba lefa lekhetho le kae la thepa motseng oo. Khopolo-taba ea mobu ha ho mohla e leng ntho e ntle, 'me haeba beng ba hona joale ba ke ke ba sebelisa setša hantle, likhothatso e lokela ho ba ho se rekisetsa motho ea tla se sebelisa. Ha ho etse phapang haeba bahanyetsi ba mobu e le batho ba US kapa likoporasi, kapa beng ba linaha tse ling; phello sechabeng sa lehae e tšoana.

    Acre eo e kholo ea litoropo, esita le khakanyong e tlase ea 2007 ea $400,000,000, e bohlokoa makhetlo a 2,000 ho feta heke ea sebaka sa bolulo se bohole ba limaele tse 30 (e re, $200,000) le makhetlo a 50,000 ho feta acre ea mobu oa temo e ka bang bohlokoa ho bongata. libaka (ha re re, $8,000).

    Na boleng ba mobu bo lokela ho ea ho mong’a mobu, kapa boholo ba oona bo khutlisetsoe sechabeng, e le hore re ka fokotsa makhetho a imelang mosebetsi o hlahisang litholoana?

Arolelana ho...