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Willard Hotel: Sebaka sa Histori sa Mabotho sa Bapresidente

Setšoantšo se amoheloa ke S. Turkel

Willard InterContinental Washington, eo ka tloaelo e tsejoang e le Willard Hotel, ke hotele ea khale ea mabothobotho ea Beaux-Arts e 1401 Pennsylvania Avenue NW e bohareng ba toropo ea Washington, DC Har'a meaho ea eona ho na le likamore tse ngata tse majabajaba tsa baeti, lireschorente tse 'maloa, Round Robin Bar e tummeng. Peacock Alley letoto la mabenkele a majabajaba, le likamore tse sebetsang hantle. E ruilweng ke InterContinental Hotels & Resorts, e diboloko tse pedi tse ka bochabela ho White House, le mabatooa a mabeli ka bophirima ho seteishene sa Metro Center sa Washington Metro.

National Park Service le US Department of Interior li hlalosa nalane ea Willard Hotel ka tsela e latelang:

Mongoli oa Leamerika Nathaniel Hawthorne o ile a hlokomela lilemong tsa bo-1860 hore “Willard Hotel ka toka e ne e ka bitsoa setsi sa Washington ho feta Capitol kapa White House kapa Lefapha la Naha.” Ho tloha ka 1847 ha baena ba mafolofolo ba Willard, Henry le Edwin, ba qala ho sebetsa e le balebeli ba matlo a baeti hukung ea 14th Street le Pennsylvania Avenue, Willard o nkile sebaka se ikhethileng nalaneng ea Washington le sechaba.

Willard Hotel e thehiloe ka molao ke Henry Willard ha a ne a hira meaho e tšeletseng ka 1847, a e kopanya hore e be mohaho o le mong, 'me a e atolosa hore e be hotele ea mekato e mene eo a ileng a e reha Willard Hotel. Willard o ile a reka setša sa hotele ho Ogle Tayloe ka 1864.

Lilemong tsa bo-1860, mongoli Nathaniel Hawthorne o ile a ngola hore “Willard Hotel ka toka e ne e ka bitsoa setsi sa Washington ho feta Capitol kapa White House kapa Lefapha la Naha.”

Ho tloha ka la 4 Hlakola ho isa ho la 27 Hlakola, 1861, Congress ea Khotso, e nang le baemeli ba tsoang linaheng tse 21 ho tse 34, e ile ea kopana Willard boitekong ba ho qetela ba ho thibela Ntoa ea Lehae. Letlapa le tsoang ho Virginia Civil War Commission, le lehlakoreng la Pennsylvania Ave. la hotele, ke sehopotso sa boiteko bona ba sebete. Hamorao selemong seo, ha a utloa sehlopha sa Union se bina "'Mele oa John Brown" ha ba ntse ba tsamaea ka tlas'a fensetere ea hae, Julia Ward Howe o ile a ngola mantsoe a reng "The Battle Hym of the Republic" ha a ntse a lula hoteleng ka November 1861.

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Ka la 23 Hlakola, 1861, har'a litšokelo tse 'maloa tsa polao, lefokisi Allan Pinkerton le ile la mokola Abraham Lincoln ka har'a Willard; Lincoln o ile a lula moo ho fihlela a khakoloa ka la 4 Hlakubele, a tšoarela liboka phaposing ea ho amohela baeti 'me a etsa khoebo a le ka phapusing ea hae.

Bapresidente ba bangata ba United States ba 'nile ba etela Willard khafetsa,' me mopresidente e mong le e mong ho tloha ha Franklin Pierce o kile a robala kapa a ea ketsahalong e itseng hoteleng bonyane hang; Ka hona hotele e boetse e tsejoa e le "sebaka sa bolulo sa bapresidente." E ne e le tloaelo ea Ulysses S. Grant ho noa whisky le ho tsuba cigar ha a ntse a phomotse ka kamoreng ea baeti. Meetlo (e buelloang ke hotele) e lumela hore sena ke tšimoloho ea lentsoe “ho qoelisa,” joalokaha Grant a ne a atisa ho buuoa ke ba batlang melemo. Leha ho le joalo, mohlomong sena ke bohata, kaha Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary e beha leetsi “ho lumelisa” ho 1837. Grover Cleveland o ne a lula moo qalong ea nako ea hae ea bobeli ka 1893, ka lebaka la ho ameha ka bophelo ba morali oa hae oa lesea ka mor’a ho qhoma ha morao tjena. scarlet fever ho White House. Plans for Woodrow Wilson's League of Nations e ile ea e-ba teng ha a ne a tšoara likopano tsa League to Enforce Peace phaposing ea baeti ea hotele ka 1916. Batlatsi ba Mopresidente ba lutseng ba tšeletseng ba lula Willard. Millard Fillmore le Thomas A. Hendricks, ka nako e khutšoanyane ea hae e le ofising, ba ne ba lula Willard ea khale; mme yaba Batlatsi ba Mopresidente, James S. Sherman, Calvin Coolidge mme qetellong Charles Dawes bohle ba ne ba dula mohahong wa jwale bakeng sa bonyane karolo ya motlatsi wa bona wa mopresidente. Fillmore le Coolidge ba ile ba tsoela pele ho Willard, esita le ka mor'a hore e be mopresidente, ho lumella nako ea pele ea lelapa ho tsoa White House.

Liofisiri tse makholo a ’maloa, tseo bongata ba tsona e neng e le bahlabani ba Ntoa ea I ea Lefatše, ba ile ba qala ho bokana le Molaoli oa Mabotho, John J. “Blackjack” Pershing, Willard Hotel ka la 2 October, 1922, ’me ba theha ka molao Reserve Officers Association (ROA). ) joalo ka mokhatlo.

Mohaho oa hona joale oa mekato e 12, o entsoeng ke setsebi se tummeng sa meralo ea lihotele Henry Janeway Hardenbergh, se ile sa buloa ka 1901. Se ile sa hlaheloa ke mollo o moholo ka 1922 o bakileng $250,000 (e lekanang le $3,865,300 ho tloha ka 2020), ka litšenyehelo. Har'a ba ileng ba tlameha ho ntšoa hoteleng e ne e le Motlatsi oa Mopresidente Calvin Coolidge, maseneta a 'maloa a US, moqapi John Philip Sousa, moetsi oa lifilimi Adolph Zukor, mohatisi oa likoranta Harry Chandler, le baetapele ba bang ba bangata ba mecha ea litaba, ba mekhatlo le ba lipolotiki ba neng ba le teng. Sejo sa selemo le selemo sa Gridiron Dinner. Ka lilemo tse ngata Willard e ne e le eona feela hotele eo ho eona motho a ka etelang toropo ea Washington habonolo, 'me ka lebaka leo e lutse bahlomphehi ba bangata nakong ea nalane ea eona.

Lelapa la Willard le ile la rekisa karolo ea lona ea hotele ka 1946, 'me ka lebaka la tsamaiso e mpe le ho fokotseha ho matla ha sebaka seo, hotele e ile ea koaloa ntle le tsebiso pele ho July 16, 1968. Mohaho o ile oa lula o se na motho ka lilemo tse ngata, 'me merero e mengata e ile ea phaphamala. ho heletsoa ha eona. Qetellong e ile ea oela setsing sa kamohelo ea sechaba 'me ea rekisoa ho Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation. Ba ile ba tšoara tlholisano ea ho tsosolosa thepa eo 'me qetellong ba e fa Oliver Carr Company le Golding Associates. Ka mor'a moo, balekane ba babeli ba ile ba tlisa InterContinental Hotels Group hore e be mong'a hotele eo. Ka mor'a moo Willard e ile ea khutlisetsoa bokhabane ba eona ba lekholong la lilemo la lilemo 'me ho ile ha eketsoa mohaho oa mohaho oa ofisi. Kahoo hotele e ile ea buloa hape nakong ea mokete o moholo oa la 20 Phato, 1986, o neng o e-na le baahloli ba 'maloa ba Lekhotla le Phahameng la United States le masenete a US. Ho elella bofelong ba lilemo tsa bo-1990, hotele e ile ea boela ea tsosolosoa haholo.

Martin Luther King Jr., o ngotse puo ea hae e tummeng ea "Ke na le Toro" ka phapusing ea hae ea hotele ho Willard matsatsing a etellang pele Phato 28, 1963 ka Hlakubele Washington bakeng sa Mesebetsi le Tokoloho.

Ka la 23 September, 1987, ho ile ha tlalehoa hore Bob Fosse o ile a oela ka kamoreng ea hae Willard 'me hamorao a shoa. Ka mor'a moo ho ile ha tsejoa hore o ile a hlokahala sepetleleng sa Univesithi ea George Washington.

Har'a baeti ba bang ba bangata ba tummeng ba Willard e ne e le PT Barnum, Walt Whitman, General Tom Thumb, Samuel Morse, 'Musisi oa Windsor, Harry Houdini, Gypsy Rose Lee, Gloria Swanson, Emily Dickinson, Jenny Lind, Charles Dickens, Bert Bell, Joe Paterno. , le Jim Sweeney.

Steven Spielberg o ile a thunya qetello ea filimi ea hae Minority Report hoteleng lehlabuleng la 2001. O ile a etsa filimi le Tom Cruise le Max von Sydow ka kamoreng ea Willard, Peacock Alley le kichineng.

E lutse litulo tse peli feela ho tloha White House, hotele e tletse ka lithotsela tsa batho ba tummeng le ba matla. Ho theosa le lilemo, esale e le sebaka sa kopano bakeng sa bapresidente, bo-ralipolotiki, babusisi, bangoli le ba setso. E ne e le Willard moo Julia Ward Howe a qapileng "The Battle Hym of the Republic." Gen. Ulysses S. Grant o ile a tšoarela lekhotla sebakeng sa kamohelo ea baeti 'me Abraham Lincoln a alima li-slippers tsa ntlo ho mong'a eona.

Mopresidente Taylor, Fillmore, Pierce, Buchanan, Taft, Wilson, Coolidge le Harding ba ile ba lula Willard. Baeti ba bang ba bohlokoa ba kenyelelitse Charles Dickens, Buffalo Bill, David Lloyd George, PT Barnum, le ba bang ba bangata. Walt Whitman o kenyelelitse Willard litemaneng tsa hae 'me Mark Twain a ngola libuka tse peli moo mathoasong a lilemo tsa bo-1900. E ne e le Motlatsi oa Mopresidente Thomas R. Marshall, a halefisitsoe ke litheko tse phahameng tsa Willard, ea qapileng poleloana "Seo naha ena e se hlokang ke cigar e ntle ea 5-cent."

Willard o ile a lula a se na motho ho tloha ka 1968 'me a le kotsing ea ho heletsoa ho fihlela ka 1986 ha e khutlisetsoa khanyeng ea eona ea pele. Morero oa tsosoloso oa lidolara tse limilione tse 73 o ile oa reroa ka hloko ke National Park Service ho etsa hore hotele eo e be e nepahetseng ka hohle kamoo ho ka khonehang. Ho ile ha hlakoa likarolo tse leshome le metso e tšeletseng tsa pente ho tloha lehong ho fumana mebala ea hotele ea 1901.

Mohlahlobisisi oa meralo ea New York Times Paul Goldberger o ngotse ka la 2 Loetse 1986:

Bongata ba tsosoloso ea meaho e hlomphehang e oela ho e 'ngoe ea mekhahlelo e' meli e ka 'na ea e-ba boiteko ba ho tsosolosa ka botšepehi kamoo ho ka khonehang seo e kileng ea e-ba sona, kapa ke litlhaloso tse iqapetsoeng tse sebelisang meralo ea pele e le sebaka sa ho qhomela.

Willard Hotel e sa tsoa nchafatsoa ke ka bobeli. Halofo ea morero ona e kenyelletsa ho tsosolosoa ka tlhompho ha moaho o moholo ka ho fetisisa oa hotele oa Washington, mohaho o ikhethileng oa Beaux-Arts ke Henry Hardenbergh o neng o sa sebetse ho tloha ka 1968, lehlatsipa la ho putlama ha tikoloho ea eona, tse seng kae tse ka bochabela ho White House. Halofo e 'ngoe ke e ncha ka thabo, tlatsetso e ncha e nang le liofisi, mabenkele, lebala la sechaba le kamore e ncha ea bolo ea hotele.

MONGOLI OA TŠEPISANG MOSEBETSI: Stanley Turkel o ile a khethoa e le Rahistori oa Selemo oa 2020 ke Historic Hotels of America, lenaneo le molaong la National Trust for Historic Preservation, leo a neng a reiloe lebitso la lona pejana ka 2015 le 2014. Turkel ke moeletsi oa hotele ea phatlalatsoang ho fetisisa United States. O sebetsa ka mokhoa oa hae oa boeletsi ba hotele e le paki e nang le boiphihlelo linyeoeng tse amanang le hotele, o fana ka taolo ea thepa le lipuisano tsa ho rekisa ka lihotele. O netefalitsoe e le Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ke Setsi sa Thuto sa American Hotel le Lodging Association. [imeile e sirelelitsoe] 917-628-8549

Buka ea hae e ncha "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa.

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• Hotele Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar oa Waldorf (2014)

• Lihotele tsa Great American Hoteliers Karolo ea 2: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea Hotel (2016)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tse nang le lilemo tse ngata Bophirimela ho Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Buka ea 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Baetsi ba Lihotele ba Great American Hotel Moqolo I (2019)

• Hotele Mavens: Buka ea 3: Bob le Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Libuka tsena kaofela li ka odaroa ho AuthorHouse ka ho etela stanleyturkel.com  le ho tobetsa sehlooho sa buka.

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