Bahloekisi ba Fetolela Everest Ntloana e Kholo e khangoang ke Mantle

Bahloekisi ba Fetolela Everest Ntloana e Kholo e khangoang ke Mantle
Bahloekisi ba Fetolela Everest Ntloana e Kholo e khangoang ke Mantle
ngotsoeng ke Harry Johnson

E ne e bitsoa 'Thaba ea Lithōle' ka selemo sa 2000, Everest e se e eme e le khopotso e hlakileng ea mahlomola ao batho ba bileng le 'ona tikolohong.

Ka lilemo tse mashome a mangata Everest, thaba e telele ka ho fetisisa Lefatšeng, e hohetse batho ba bangata ba batlang menyaka le bapalami ba lithaba ba labalabelang ho hatella meeli ea bona khahlano le litšitiso tse tšosang. Ka bomalimabe, e boetse e sebelitse e le sebaka sa ho qetela sa ho phomola ho ba bangata. Le bakeng sa tshenyo ya bona.

E bitsoa 'Thaba ea Lithōle' ka selemo sa 2000, Everest hona joale e eme e le khopotso e hlakileng ea mahlomola ao batho ba a entseng tikolohong, joalo ka ha ho boletsoe ke ba boholong sebakeng seo ba hlahisang matšoenyeho mabapi le boemo ba hajoale.

Mount Everest, eo pele e neng e tsejoa e le se seng sa libaka tse sa kang tsa angoa le tse hloekileng ka ho fetisisa Lefatšeng, ka bomalimabe e fetohile thotobolo e kholo.

Bothata bona bo bakoa ke phephetso e ntseng e eketseha ea ho amohela tšubuhlellano e ntseng e eketseha ea batho ba hloa lithaba, bao karolo e khōlō ea bona e hlokomolohang boikarabelo ba bona ba ho boloka bohloeki. Boemo bo senyehile hoo moea o seng o silafalitsoe ke monko oa mantle ha lehloa le qala ho qhibiliha.

Thaba ea Everest, e bophahamo bo tsotehang ba limithara tse 29,032, e moeling o pakeng tsa Nepal le Tibet. Nako ea ho hloa thaba ena e khōlōhali e etsahala ka April le May, ka nako e sa tsejoeng hakaalo ea likhoeli tse peli ka September. Ho na le likampo tse peli tsa motheo tse fumanehang bakeng sa bapalami, e 'ngoe e fihlelleha ho tsoa North Ridge' me e 'ngoe e tsoa Southeast Ridge. Pele ho fihla sehlohlolong, ho na le likampo tse ling tse tharo: Kampo ea 2 maotong a 21,300, Camp 3 maotong a 23,950, le Camp 4 maotong a 26,000.

Hoo e ka bang bapalami ba 500 ba nka leeto le boima ho fihla tlhōrōng selemo le selemo. Ka selemo sa 2023, Nepal e ile ea fana ka tumello ea ho hloa lithaba tse 478 tse ikemiselitseng ho hlola Mount Everest. Har'a litumello tse 209 tse fanoeng bakeng sa April 2024, tse 44 li ile tsa fuoa batho ba hloa lithaba ba tsoang United States, ba 22 ho ba hloa lithaba ba tsoang Chaena, ba 17 ho ba hloa lithaba ba tsoang Japane, ba 16 ho ba hloa lithaba ba tsoang Russia, le ba 13 ho ba hloa lithaba ba tsoang United Kingdom.

Ho tloha selemong sena, bapalami ba tsoang lefats'eng lohle ba ikemiselitseng ho hapa thaba e tsebahalang ba tla hloka ho fumana mokotla oa ntloana kampong ea motheo ebe ba o isa sehlohlolong. Ha ba theoha, ba tlamehile ho nehelana ka mokotla hammoho le litšila tsa bona.

Mmasepala wa mahaeng, o nang le matla hodima Mount Everest, o kentse tshebetsong molao o motjha bakeng sa bapalami selemong sena ho boloka bohlweki thabeng.

"Litšila tsa batho, joalo ka moroto le mantle, li 'nile tsa baka tšilafalo, kahoo re fa batho ba hloa mekotla ea poo ho sireletsa Mount Everest le libaka tse haufi tsa Himalayan," ho boletse Mingma Chhiri Sherpa, molula-setulo oa Masepala oa Mahaeng oa Khumbu Pasang Lhamu.

Taba ea taolo ea litšila tsa batho Himalaya e ntse e eketseha, haholo-holo sebakeng sa Everest. Ka lebaka la ts'ebetso ea batho, ho bokellana ha moroto le mantle ho fetoha bothata bo sa feleng. Nakong ea matsatsi a 45 a ho hloa lithaba, batho ba makholo ba lula Everest Base Camp ntle le matloana a loketseng, e leng ho mpefatsang phephetso ea ho lahlela litšila.

Komiti ea Taolo ea Tšilafalo ea Sagarmatha e tlalehile hore nakong ea selemo, batho ba ka bang 350 ba hloa lithaba ba etela kampo ea setsi 'me ba siea lithane tse 70 tsa litšila. Litšila tsena li kenyelletsa lithane tse 15-20 tsa litšila tsa batho, lithane tse 20-25 tsa polasetiki le pampiri, le lithane tse 15-20 tsa litšila tse senyehang tsa kichineng.

Mabapi le mongoli

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson e bile mohlophisi oa kabelo bakeng sa eTurboNews ka lilemo tse fetang 20. O lula Honolulu, Hawaii, ’me o tsoa Europe. O thabela ho ngola le ho akaretsa litaba.

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