Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Uganda Wildlife Authority e keteka Silver Jubilee ka monyaka

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Ka June 24, 2022, Lekhotla la Liphoofolo le hlaha la Uganda ba tšoaile jubile ea bona ea silevera mantsiboeeng a monate a botala a khapete a khabisoang ke boithabiso bo matla ba setso le lijo le lino tse monate hoteleng ea Kampala Sheraton. Mekete ena e nang le sehlooho se reng “Tlhokomelo e ntlafetseng ea liphoofolo tse hlaha le phetoho ea lichaba” e bontša karolo ea bohlokoa ea moruo, ea sechaba le ea tikoloho e bapaloang ke paballo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha phetohong ea lichaba.

Ke emetse Letona le Khabane la Tourism Wildlife and Antiquities, Hon. Tom Buttime, e ne e le Mongoli oa Kakaretso, Doreen Katusiime, ea apereng ka bokhabane bakeng sa ketsahalo eo a apere liaparo tse mebala e tala. Hape ba neng ba le teng e ne e le Boto ea Baokameli ba Liphoofolo Tse Hlaha tsa Uganda ho kopanyelletsa le Molula-setulo Dr. Panta Kasoma, Mookameli oa Phethahatso ea UWA Sam Mwandah, Stephen Masaba Mookameli oa UWA oa Bohahlauli le Ntšetso-pele ea Khoebo, Motsamaisi e Moholo oa Setsi sa Thuto ea Liphoofolo le Tlhokomelo ea Liphoofolo tsa Uganda Dr. James Musinguzi, Mookameli oa Boto ea Bohahlauli Uganda Lilly Ajarova, le Motlatsi oa hae Bradford Ochieng, Principal Hotel and Tourism Training Institute Amori Miriam Namutose, Molula-setulo oa Exclusive Sustainable Tour Operator Association Boniface Byamukama, Civy Tumusiime Chairperson Association of Uganda Tour Operators Sarah Kagingo, Principal Press Secretary at Parliament of Uganda Godfrey Baluku, tourism influencer le Mohlophisi Afrika Tembelea Gladys Kalema Zikusoka, Paballo ka Bophelo bo Botle ba Sechaba Univesithing ea Makerere e fana ka Dr. Wilbur Aheebwa, Moemeli oa Attilio Pacifici oa EU ho la Uganda, har'a baemeli ba bang ba 'maloa le ba amehang lefapheng la bohahlauli.   

Ho khahleha ka thoko, ho lebisang ketsahalong ena ea bohlokoa ho bile le liketsahalo tse 'maloa tse qalileng ka phatlalatso ea boralitaba ka la 1 Phuptjane - Seboka sa Paballo ka Phuptjane 21 le Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) e kenyelletsang ho hloekisoa ha 'Maraka oa boahisani oa Kamwokya Kampala ka la 23 Phuptjane.

Boto ea Batsamaisi ba UWA e etelletsoeng pele ke Molula-setulo oa bona Dr. Panta Kasoma le bona ba ile ba lekola likatleho tsa bona ho qala ka maeto a bohareng ba Phuptjane ho abela mats'oao a kabo ea lekeno sechabeng sa Bwindi Ipenerable Forest le Mt. Mgahinga National Parks ho lekola katleho le liqholotso ts'ebetsong. ea merero le ho qoqa le libaka tsa ho kopanela hamolemo.

Ba boetse ba etela basebetsi lekaleng la Ruhija Bwindi ho lekola litaba tsa boiketlo le ho buisana ka mekhoa ea ho ntlafatsa tikoloho ea bona ea mosebetsi pele ba ipha korilla. ho latedisa boiphihlelo sebakeng sa Buhoma.  

Taelo ea UWA

"Ho baballa, ho nts'etsapele moruo le ho laola liphoofolo tse hlaha le libaka tse sirelelitsoeng tsa Uganda ka ts'ebelisano le lichaba tsa boahelani le bankakarolo ba bang molemong oa batho ba Uganda le sechaba sa lefats'e."

History     

Uganda Wildlife Authority e thehiloe ka Phato 1996 ke Seemahale sa Liphoofolo Tse Hlaha sa Uganda (1996) se kopantseng Lefapha la Naha la Lipaka le Liphoofolo tsa Uganda.

li finyeletseng

Leha Letona le Khabane le ile la hloloheloa sehlohlolo ka la 24 Phuptjane, o ne a le teng ho fana ka tlaleho ea nalane ea UWA ha ho ne ho phatlalatsoa mecha ea litaba moo a ileng a re lilemo tse 25 tse fetileng li bile le liphetoho tse ngata ho tloha ha setheo se secha se thehoa se lebisang tšireletsong e sebetsang. le paballo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha Uganda. E ile ea rua liqholotso tse kang mehloli ea lichelete e fokolang, khaello ea maano a mekhatlo, le basebetsi ba nyahamisang ba neng ba sa lefuoa ka mokhoa o lekaneng.

UWA e thehile Sebopeho se matla sa Puso, Meralo ea Leano, Meralo ea Tsamaiso ea Phaka e Akaretsang, Bukana ea Tsamaiso ea Basebetsi, Bukana ea Tsamaiso ea Lichelete, Tjhata ea Boto, Meralo ea Ts'ebetso ea Selemo le selemo, le maano a mang a ts'ebetso le maano a seng a ntlafalitsoe mme a ntse a kengoa ts'ebetsong ho netefatsa ts'ebetso e nepahetseng. setsi.

Lipalo tsa basebetsi ba Liphoofolo tse hlaha tsa Uganda li eketsehile ho tloha ka tlase ho 1,000 ka 1996 ho ea ho 2,300 feela. Ka khiro e reriloeng ea balebeli khoeling ena, haufinyane palo e tla feta 3,000. Mokhatlo o arotsoe ka mafapha a 3 - e leng, la molao, la lichelete, le la bohahlauli. Tsena li atolositsoe ho kenyelletsa molao, lipatlisiso, bohlale, litšebeletso tsa bongaka ba liphoofolo, le boenjiniere, hammoho le paballo ea sechaba e supang kholo ea eona le bokhoni ba ho ikamahanya le liphetoho tsamaisong ea liphoofolo tse hlaha.

Ho supa tlhokahalo ea ho thibela keketseho ea lefats'e ea botlokotsebe ba liphoofolo tse hlaha e ntseng e eketseha le ho rarahana haholo ke ho thehoa ha lihlopha tse khethehileng tse kang Canine, Intelligence, Investigations and Prosecution, Units Special Crime Units, le lekhotla le khethehileng le sebetsanang le litlōlo tsa molao tsa liphoofolo tse hlaha.   

Tsena li bile le phello e kholo ho loantšeng botlokotsebe ba liphoofolo tse hlaha ka har'a naha ka ho etsa hore UWA e ananeloe likopanong tsa machaba tse kang CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species.

Ho kena-kenana le libaka tse sirelelitsoeng ho thibetsoe haholo ka ho tšoaea meeli ea libaka tsohle tse sirelelitsoeng le ho aha bokhoni ba basebetsi libakeng tse sirelelitsoeng ho thibela liketso tse seng molaong. Ntle le East Madi Wildlife Reserve le likarolo tse ling tsa Mount Elgon National Park, libaka tse ling tsohle tse sirelelitsoeng li na le meeli e sireletsehileng.   

Ho bile le tokafatso e kgolo ya meralo ya motheo ho phatlalla le boto dibakeng tsohle tse sireleditsweng.

Ho tsoa ofising e nyane ea ntlo-kholo, UWA e ile ea fumana lehae le lecha Plot 7 Kira Road mme ea haha ​​​​Lihaho tse phahameng tsa Wildlife Towers sebakeng sa pele. Libakeng tse sirelelitsoeng, UWA e ahile meaho e mengata ea liofisi hammoho le basebetsi ba fetang 1,700.

Lipalo tsa baeti libakeng tse sirelelitsoeng li eketsehile haholo ho tloha ho baeti ba 85,982 ka 1996 ho isa ho 323,861 ka 2019 pele ho seoa sa COVID-19 se bonts'ang keketseho ea baeti ba 237,879. Sena se entse hore bohahlauli e be eona e kenyang chelete e ngata ea kantle ho naha le ho tlisa chelete e fetang US$1.5 bilione ka selemo le ho kenya letsoho ka 9% ea GDP.

Lekala la bohahlauli le lona le ne le hira mesebetsi e limilione tse 1.173 moo 670,000 8 e leng eona e tobileng, e etsang karolo ea XNUMX% ea kakaretso ea mesebetsi naheng. 

Chelete ea litefiso lirapeng tsa boikhathollo tsa naha le eona e eketsehile haholo ho tloha ho UGX limilione tse 345 ka 2006 ho ea ho UGX limilione tse likete tse 4.2 ka 2019 pele ho seoa sena.

Tlas'a Molao oa Liphoofolo Tse Hlaha oa Uganda, Sekema sa Kabo ea Lekeno se fana ka 20% ea litefiso tsa ho kena lihekeng e le thuso e nang le maemo e lokelang ho arolelanoa le lichaba tse potolohileng libaka tse sirelelitsoeng tse abjoang ke mebuso ea lehae. Lichelete li reretsoe ho netefatsa hore sechaba se utloa phello e ntle ea paballo libakeng tsa bona e le hore ba tsebe ho tšehetsa paballo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha. Merero e ikhethileng e etsoa ke sechaba ka botsona 'me ho lumellanoe le UWA. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, lichaba li kenya letsoho paballong ea ho fokotsa likhohlano pakeng tsa batho le liphoofolo tse hlaha ka tsela eo ho theha kutloano.

UWA e ngolisitse keketseho ea baahi ba liphoofolo tse hlaha bakeng sa mefuta e mengata ea liphoofolo. Palo ea likorilla tse thabeng ea Bwindi Impenetrable National Park e eketsehile ho tloha ho 257 ka 1994 ho ea ho batho ba 459 ka 2018.

Matsatsi a 'maloa feela ho ea ketsahalong ea mantlha, UWA e ile ea fumana mpho e phethahetseng ka tsoalo ea korila e kholo e tšehali e bitsoang Betina, e leng setho sa lelapa la Mukiza, tlatsetso e ncha e thehiloeng Ruhija.

Palo ea litlou e eketsehile ho tloha ho 1,900 ka 1995 ho ea ho batho ba 7,975 ka 2020; linare ho tloha ho 18,000 ka 1995 ho ea ho tse fetang 44,000 ka 2020; 'me palo ea lithuhlo ho tloha ho batho ba hakanyetsoang ho ba 250 ka 1995 ho ea ho 2,000 ka 2020. Palo ea liqoaha tsa Burchell e eketsehile ho tloha ho batho ba hakanyetsoang ho 3,200 ka 1995 ho ea ho 17,516 ka 2020. palo ea batho e eme ho batho ba 1995 ho tloha ka 35.  

Letona le Khabane le hlalosa keketseho ea palo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha ka lebaka la lintho tse kopantseng mabaka a tsoang ho maano a matle a mmuso, taolo e sebetsang ea tikoloho, le bokhoni bo ntlafetseng ba UWA ho fana ka tšireletso bakeng sa liphoofolo tse hlaha le ho kenya letsoho ha sechaba mesebetsing ea paballo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha.

UWA ka lilemo tse ngata e epile liforo tse fetang 500 km tsa liforo haufi le meeli e khethiloeng ea serapa ho kenyelletsa Mofumahali Elizabeth, Kibale, le Murchison Falls National Parks E le ho fokotsa le ho fokotsa likhohlano tsa liphoofolo tse hlaha. Li bophara ba limithara tse 2 le liforo tse tebileng tsa limithara tse 2 'me li batla li sebetsa hantle khahlanong le liphoofolo tse anyesang tse kholo. Mehaho ea linotsi e fetang 11,000 le eona e rekiloe le ho abeloa lihlopha tse fapaneng tsa sechaba. Li-hives li kentsoe haufi le meeli ea sebaka se sirelelitsoeng. "Molumo o hlabang le o hlabang oa linotsi o halefisa le ho tšosa litlou ha mahe a linotši a bokelloang ka har'a hives a rekisoa ho hlahisa chelete le ho ntlafatsa mekhoa ea boipheliso ea sechaba," ho phaella Mwandah.

Ho hahiloe laboratori ea sejoale-joale ea Biosafety Level 2 ho Moya sebakeng sa Queen Elizabeth National Park. Laboratori e khona ho hlahloba le ho netefatsa mefuta e mengata ea mafu a liphoofolo (ka bobeli liphoofolo tse hlaha le liphoofolo tse ruuoang) ho tsoa ho kokoana-hloko, baktheria, fungal, le protozoa. Laboratori e ka sebetsana le lipatlisiso tsa mafu a batho, hape. Ho ile ha ahoa laboratori ea boemo bo tlase ba Biosafety level 1 hape Murchison Falls National Park ho tšehetsa taolo ea mafu a liphoofolo tse hlaha ka ho thibela, ho lemoha. le karabo.

UWA e na le bokhoni bo tsoetseng pele ba ho fetisetsa liphoofolo tse hlaha kahare le kantle ho libaka tsa eona tse sirelelitsoeng, ho fetisetsa liphoofolo tse hlaha tse fetang 601 lilemong tse 10 tse fetileng, haholo lithuhlo, impala, liqoaha, kolu ea Jackson, likolobe tse kholo tsa moru, eland, waterbuck, koena le topi, joalo-joalo. Maikemisetso ke ho rarolla likhohlano tsa batho le liphoofolo tse hlaha, thuto ea paballo, katoloso ea mefuta-futa, mefuta-futa ea mefuta-futa, bohahlauli, le taolo ea tlhaho ea limela tse ngata haholo Acacia hockii le ho ikatisa. Ka 2020, ho hakanngoa hore liphoofolo tse fetisitsoeng li ata ho batho ba fetang 1,530.

Pono ea lilemo tse 25 tse tlang ke efe?

Buttime o hlokomelisa hore lilemong tse 25 tse tlang “Leha ho le joalo, ha rea ​​lokela ho lebala tlhokahalo ea ho etsa ho eketsehileng ho sebetsana le likhohlano tsa batho ba liphoofolo tse hlaha le ho fokotsa liketsahalo tsa ho tsoma ntle ho molao tse ntseng li le holimo.”

O ipiletsa ho batho bohle ba Uganda le balekane ba paballo le bohahlauli ho khothaletsa le ho nka karolo liketsahalong tse kaholimo ho keteka sehlohlolo sena sa bohlokoa sa paballo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha sa Uganda Wildlife Authority.

Kamora mokete ona, Motsamaisi oa Lipuisano oa UWA, Hangi Bashir, o boletse joalo eTurboNews: "Re batla ho kopanya katleho ea lilemo tse 25 tse fetileng, ho loants'a likhohlano tsa Human Wildlife, ho amohela theknoloji ea sejoale-joale molemong oa paballo, mohlala. Ke hobane'ng ha re tlameha ho ba le bahlokomeli ba 10,000 ho e-na le lik'hamera tsa lebaleng? Hajoale re sebelisa earth ranger solution' ea ho bona botlokotsebe ka nako ea 'nete Murchison Falls moo re behang leihlo serapeng sa boikhathollo skrineng le ho beha bahlokomeli haeba ho ka etsahala. Re tla boela re nke li-drones le maraba a lik'hamera ha re ntse re fetela lirapeng tsa boikhathollo tse ling. ”

Ha a ne a hatelloa ke moqolotsi oa rona oa eTN ha a ne a thakhola, Motsamaisi oa Bohahlauli le Khoebo Stephen Masaba o ile a emisa ho thibela lipolasitiki tse sebelisoang e le 'ngoe libakeng tse sirelelitsoeng empa a hatisa hore ts'ireletso ea tikoloho le lisebelisoa tsa tlhaho ke boikarabello ba motho e mong le e mong. O boletse hore UWA e na le likotlo tse thata tsa ho qhala matlakala lirapeng tsa boikhathollo tse fihlang ho UGX X 100,000 (hoo e ka bang US$30). O boetse a re: "Lilemong tse 25 tse tlang, UWA e batla ho amohela baeti ba milione e le 'ngoe. Pele ho COVID-1 re ne re e-na le baeti ba 19. Ho fihlela sena re hloaile tlhokahalo ea ho kenya [mo] matlong a boemo bo holimo, ’me [re] tla tsoelapele ho bapatsa bolulo bo theko e tlaase le bo mabothobotho, ’me ho sireletsa lisebelisoa re tla etsa bonnete ba hore ho na le mekhoa ea moshoelella e tla etsa bonnete ba hore liphoofolo tse hlaha le mehloli ea lintho tse hlaha lia ba teng. sireletsoa mme haeba ho etsahala eng kapa eng, re ithutile lithuto tsa rona lilemong tse 325,000 tse fetileng, mme re tla sebelisa mekhoa e matla ho netefatsa hore ha re otloe ka lebaka la boemo bo kang ba COVID. ” 

"Ho thehoa ha libaka tsa boikhathollo tsa naha ea Uganda ho ile ha tlotloa ka mokhoa o makatsang hore e be lilekane tsa paballo ea ts'ireletso" ha lefu la rinderpest le lefu la boroko le qobella sechaba ho timela le ho tloha ka masoabi. Liphororo tsa Murchison, sebaka sa boikhathollo se seholo ka ho fetisisa sa Uganda (3,893 sq km) le Queen Elizabeth National Park (1978 Sq km) li thehiloe ka 1952.

"Selemo sa 2006 e bile ketsahalo e 'ngoe ea bohlokoa ho keteka lilemo tse 100 ho tloha ha leeto la pele la saense le fihla tlhōrōng ea "Lithaba Tsa Khoeli" tsa 5109M Ruwenzori e etelletsoeng pele ke Motaliana Luigi Amedeo di Savoy, Duke oa Abruzzi. Sena se etsahetse ka ho pheta-pheta ha litloholo tsa Uganda le Mataliana tse tsoang mabothong a Alpine a bitsoang "mohatong oa 'musi." Moifo o etelletsoeng pele ke sengoli enoa lebitsong la Boto ea Bohahlauli ea Uganda le bona ba ile ba bontša ketsahalo ea lilemo tse lekholo ho BIT Milan Expo ka Hlakola selemong sona seo pele ho nyolohelo ea ho qetela ka Phuptjane.

“Hajoale, UWA e laola lirapa tsa naha tse 10, libaka tsa polokelo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha tse 12 le libaka tse 5 tsa sechaba tsa liphoofolo tse hlaha. E boetse e fana ka tataiso ho libaka tsa polokelo ea liphoofolo tse hlaha tse 14 ’me e ikarabella bakeng sa tsamaiso ea liphoofolo tse hlaha ka hare le ka ntle ho libaka tse sirelelitsoeng.”

Lilemong tsa morao tjena, baitseki ba hlohlellelitsoeng ke Mokhatlo oa Paballo ea Meru ea Bugoma ACBF, Climate Action Network Uganda, har'a ba bang ba kopile hore ho thehoe sebaka sa 41,000 sq km sa Bugoma Forest Central Reserve karolong e ka bophirimela ea Uganda hore e ntlafatsoe ho ba serapa sa sechaba ho se pholosa. timetso e se nang boikaketsi ho tloha ha Hoima Sugar e ntse e tsoela pele ho hlasela moru bakeng sa ho hola tsoekere ho tloha ha 'muso oa Bunyoro Kitara o hirisetsa 22 sq miles ho fektheri ka 2016.

Pian Upe Wildlife Reserve e ka bochabela ho Uganda e boetse e khothaletsoa hore e ntlafaletsoe boemong ba sebaka sa boikhathollo se tla fana ka tšireletso e ntle le taolo tlas'a lisebelisoa le botsebi ba UWA.

Lilemong tse 25 tse tlang le ho feta, ha rea ​​​​lokela ho lebala ho keteka le ho amohela bahlokomeli ba lefileng theko ea ho qetela ho sireletsa liphoofolo tse hlaha le libaka tsa bolulo ka lebitso la paballo, kaofela ha ba tobane le litšokelo tse tsoang ho liphoofolo tse hlaha empa haholoholo ho tsoa ho bona. - ho batla batho ba bang.

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Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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