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Commonwealth ke Monyetla o Matla oa Bohahlauli oa Linaha tse 54

CHOGM2022

Jamaica e hlahisitse mohopolo oa tšebelisano-'moho ea bohahlauli ea Commonwealth kopanong ea litho tse 54 Rwanda.

Rwanda ke naha e ncha ka ho fetisisa ho Commonwealth ea litho tse 54 le mong'a kopano ea selemo sena. Tautona wa naga ya Afrika Botlhaba, Paul Kagame, a re lefatshe la gagwe le ne la nna leloko la mokgatlho oo gore le solegelwe molemo ke tshwaragano le tlhabololo ya lone.

Baeta-pele ba linaha tse 54 tsa Brithani Commonwealth ba kopana Rwanda ho buisana ka khoebo, tšireletseho ea lijo, litaba tsa bophelo bo botle, ho fetoha ha tlelaemete, hammoho le bohahlauli.

Linaha tsa litho tsa Commonwealth li kopana lekhetlo la pele ka mor'a lilemo tse 'nè ho buisana ka litsela tsa ho matlafatsa likamano le ho rarolla mathata a lefats'e ho tloha tlhokomelong ea bophelo bo botle le likhohlano ho ea ho phetoho ea maemo a leholimo le tšireletso ea lijo.

Ha a bua motse-moholo oa Rwanda oa Kigali ’me a emela Mofumahali Elizabetha, Khosana Charles oa Borithane o itse kopano e joalo ea lipolotiki e ntse e hlokahala ho hlola mathata a lefatše.

Hara bahlomphehi ba tlileng kopanong ke Morena wa Eswatini, Motlotlehi Mswati III, naha e amohelang Boto ya Bohahlaudi ba Aforika.

Bohahlauli ba Afrika bo bontša sefahleho, ka Boto ea Bohahlauli ba Afrika Modulasetulo Cuthbert Ncube o teng.

Letona la bohahlauli la Jamaica Edmund Bartlett o ne a roetse katiba ea hae joalo ka moetapele oa lefats'e oa maeto le bohahlauli. O hlahisitse mohopolo le mohopolo bakeng sa moralo o etelletsoeng pele oa bohahlauli ba postcovid bakeng sa ho khothaletsa khokahanyo ea moruo har'a linaha tsa commonwealth. Bohahlauli ba Commonwealth Foramong ea Rwanda.

Ha a bua sebokeng sa Bohahlauli bo Tsoelang Pele le Maeto nakong ea Seboka sa Khoebo sa Commonwealth Letona la Bohahlauli la Jamaica Edmund Bartlett o ile a pheha khang ea hore indasteri ea bohahlauli e na le monyetla o moholo oa ho holisa khokahanyo ea moruo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth.

Commonwealth Tourism Organisation e ne e le mafolofolo lilemo tse 10-15 tse fetileng mme e bile le lipuisano Abuja, Nigeria, le Kuala Lumpur Malaysia mabapi le tšebelisano-'moho ea bohahlauli lipakeng tsa linaha tsa Commonwealth.

Hon. Edmund Bartlett, Min Tourism Jamaica e Rwanda

Mona ke sengoloa sa tlhahiso mabapi le moralo o etelletsoeng pele ke bohahlauli oa covid ke Minster Bartlett o hlahisitsoeng ho Commonwealth Business Forum naheng ea Rwanda.

Background

Lefu la seoa le ntseng le tsoela pele la COVID-19 le hlahisitse phello e mpe ea moruo le moruo linaheng tse 54 tsa Commonwealth ho pholletsa le libaka tsa Afrika, Asia, Amerika, Europe le Pacific.

Linaha tse Kopanetsoeng li kotsing ka ho khetheha ho tsietsing ea nako e telele ea moruo hobane e na le linaha tse 32 ho tse 42 tsa lefatše, e 'ngoe le e 'ngoe e na le baahi ba limilione tse 1.5 kapa ka tlase ho moo (Commonwealth.Org, 2022).

Boholo ba meruo ena ha e kopane 'me e itšetlehile haholo ka liindasteri tsa mantlha, khoebo ea kantle, matsete a tobileng kantle ho naha, le bohahlauli-tseo kaofela li anngoeng haholo ke ho putlama ha moruo oa lefats'e.

Ka 2021, Banka ea Lefatše e hakantse hore Linaha tse Nyane li ile tsa etsa konteraka ka liperesente tse 7.1 ha li bapisoa le liperesente tse 1.7 bakeng sa mebaraka eohle e ntseng e hlaha le linaha tse tsoelang pele moruong (The World Bank, 2021). Linaha tse nyane le tsona li tobane le liqholotso tse tsitsitseng tsa nts'etsopele tse amanang le lits'ebeletso tsa tsona tse moqotetsane, mebaraka e menyenyane ea lehae, bohole ba libaka, le ho ba kotsing ea likoluoa ​​​​tsa tikoloho (The World Bank, 2021).

Ho putlama ha nako e telele ha moruo oa lefats'e ho bakiloeng ke seoa sa COVID-19, leha ho le joalo, ho fane ka monyetla bakeng sa linaha tse nyane tse otlang ka thata tsa Commonwealth ho nchafatsa likamano tsa tsona tsa moruo le linaha tse kholo tsa Commonwealth.

Ho tsosolosa likamano tsa moruo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth

Ho latela nalane, maemo a khoebo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth a lutse a le tlase haholo. Le hoja Commonwealth e ithorisa ka linaha tse hōlang ka potlako lefatšeng ka bophara, ka kholo ea lilemong tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng e imenneng habeli ea European Union, khoebo ea ka hare ho Commonwealth e fihla ho 17% feela ea khoebo ea lefats'e ea litho tsa Commonwealth le khoebo ea litšebeletso e thabelang karolo e nyenyane haholo. e hakanyetsoang ho kotara ea kakaretso ea khoebo ea intra-Commonwealth (Commonwealth. Org, 2017).

Linaha tse ngata tsa Commonwealth li romella haholo linaheng tse fumanehang ka har'a libaka tsa tsona tse haufi le moruo o moholo joalo ka China, United States, UK, The Eurozone, India, Australia le New Zealand.

Ha ho nahanoa ka moelelo ona, karolo ea ho potlakisa nts'etsopele ea moruo oa Linaha tse Kopanetsoeng e ka 'na ea itšetleha ka ho khothalletsa likamano tse kholo tsa moruo har'a Linaha tsa Commonwealth.

Ka sebele, Commonwealth ka kopanelo e etsa 'maraka o moholo oa limilione tse likete tse 2.6 har'a baahi ba lefatše ba limilione tse likete tse 7.9 o ka sebelisoang ho khothalletsa kholo e matla le e tsitsitseng ea moruo, haholo-holo sebakeng sa khoebo ea kantle ho naha.

Bohahlauli e le mokhoa oa ho khothaletsa khokahanyo ea moruo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth

Indasteri e 'ngoe e nang le monyetla o moholo oa ho holisa khokahanyo ea moruo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth ke Bohahlauli.

Ka 2019, bohahlauli e ne e le karolo ea boraro ho tse kholo ka ho fetisisa moruong oa lefats'e, kamora mafura le lik'hemik'hale, e leng karolo ea 7% ea khoebo ea lefats'e.UNWTO, 2019).

Har'a linaha tse mashome a mabeli lefats'eng moo bohahlauli e leng karolo e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea thepa e romelloang kantle ho naha, tse leshome le metso e meraro ke linaha tseo e leng litho tsa Commonwealth (Commonwealth Innovation, 2020).

Hajoale, Bohahlauli ke mokhoa oa bophelo oa moruo oa Commonwealth o leng libakeng tse itšetlehileng haholo ka bohahlauli lefatšeng joalo ka Caribbean, Pacific, Mediterranean le Leoatle la India.

Ka bomalimabe, mehloli e meholo ea limmaraka bakeng sa ba fihlang bahahlauli hammoho le bakeng sa ho fana ka lisebelisuoa, tse kang thepa le litšebeletso, indastering ea bohahlauli Linaheng tse Kopanetsoeng ke moruo o tsoetseng pele oa Amerika Leboea, Asia Bochabela (haholo-holo Chaena) le Europe Bophirimela.

Ka lebaka leo, lebelo le makatsang la kholo le katoloso ea bohahlauli ho theosa le lilemo li fane ka melemo e sa lekaneng ho moruo oa Commonwealth, ka lebaka la karolo e kholo ea maemo a tlase a khoebo ea bohahlauli har'a linaha tsena e sitisitseng linaha tsena ho boloka boholo ba lekeno le hlahisoang ke linaha tsena. indasteri

Maano a ho matlafatsa khokahanyo ea moruo har'a Linaha tsa Commonwealth ka Bohahlauli

Ho theoa ha maano a ntlafatso ea moruo oa kamora Covid-19 le kholo ea linaha tsa Commonwealth ho hloka hore linaha tsena li nahane ka potlako meralo e teng ea likamano tsa moruo ka sepheo sa ho lokisa meeli ea khoebo ea machabeng molemong oa tsona.

Sena se hloka litšebelisano tse ngata, litšebelisano, le litšebelisano tse tla khothaletsa tlatsetso ea moruo le khokahanyo lipakeng tsa moruo oa Commonwealth.

Sena se tla kenya letsoho ho phapanyetsano ea boleng bo eketsehileng ba moruo pakeng tsa linaha tse nyenyane le linaha tse kholoanyane tsa Commonwealth tse tla matlafatsa bokhoni ba ka hare ho lebatooa ho hlahisa masalla a moruo le ho boloka melemo e mengata e fumanoang ho nts'etsopele ea moruo o moholo.

Indasteri ea bohahlauli e ka ba sesosa sa ho khothaletsa tlatsetso le khokahanyo ea moruo ka maano a latelang:

Khothatso ea ho tsamaea ha basebetsi ka har'a Commonwealth:

Commonwealth ke lehae la tse ling tsa libaka tse khahlang ka ho fetesisa tsa bahahlauli lefatšeng tse hohelang matsete a holimo a tsoang kantle ho naha mme a le malala a laotsoe bakeng sa kholo e tsoelang pele.

Bohahlauli hape ke e 'ngoe ea likarolo tse hlokang basebetsi ba bangata haholo moruong oa lefatše.

Ka bobeli li ka sebelisoa hampe ho khothaletsa phallo e ntseng e eketseha ea basebetsi ho pholletsa le Commonwealth, haholo hobane seoa sena se hlahisitse koluoa ​​​​ea khaello ea basebetsi libakeng tse ngata mme ka kakaretso ho na le tlhokahalo ea basebetsi ba nang le boiphihlelo bo phahameng lefapheng la bohahlauli, (lihotele, libaka tsa ho hohela). , maeto a sekepe, joalo-joalo).

Sena se tla hloka litlhophiso tse ncha tse tla thusa motsamao o sa reroang oa basebetsi ba nang le litsebo tsa bohahlauli ho pholletsa le sebaka sa Commonwealth le tikolohong e nyane.

Ho eketsa khoebo ea thepa le litšebeletso:

Sepheo ke ho nolofatsa litokisetso tsa khoebo tse kopanetsoeng tse tla etsa hore thepa le litšebeletso tse ngata tse sebelisoang khafetsa indastering ea bohahlauli li hlahisoe le ho fanoa ke mekhatlo e linaheng tse ling tsa Commonwealth. Sena se tla khothaletsa bonkakarolo bo boholo ba ka hare ho lebatooa bohahlauling le ho matlafatsa melemo ho meruo ea lehae e tsoang ho bohahlauli.

Nts'etsopele ea maano a matla a ho bapatsa ho kenella mebarakeng e meholo ea Commonwealth:

Hona joale, bahahlauli ba fihlang Linaheng tsa Commonwealth ba itšetlehile ka limmaraka tsa khale tsa mehloli e kang Amerika Leboea, Europe Bophirimela, 'me hona joale Asia Bochabela (haholo-holo Chaena, Japane, Korea Boroa le Taiwan).

Leha ho le joalo, ha linaha tsa Commonwealth li ntse li ipeha boemong ba ho hloka botsitso le ho holisa likarolo tsa tsona tsa mebaraka, ho fumana mekhoa ea ho fumana mebaraka ea bohahlauli e ruisang le e ntseng e hlaha ea linaha tse ling tsa Commonwealth, haholo tse Asia, e tlameha ho ba karolo ea sepheo sa tsona ka potlako.

India, ka ho qolleha, e na le baahi ba libilione tse 1.35 'me ke naha e holang ka potlako ho feta linaha tse kholo tsa lefats'e, 'me hajoale ke naha ea bohlano lefatšeng ka bophara.

Keketseho ea meputso e lahloang le ho nkuoa ha leruo le lengata la batho India ho fana ka monyetla oa bohlokoa bakeng sa likhokahano tse kholo tsa bohahlauli hore li thehoe lipakeng tsa moruo o monyane oa Commonwealth le India.

Kholiso ea mahlale, thuto le koetliso:

Boemong ba kholo ea moruo o theiloeng tsebong, phano ea tsebo e fetohile mokhanni oa bohlokoa oa kholo ea moruo.

Ha kgolo ya indasteri ya bohahlaudi e tswela pele ho potlaka, ho tla ba le tlhokeho e ntseng e hola ya lenaneo le ntshetsopele ya kharikhulamo ho lokisetsa basebetsi bakeng sa mesebetsi e tla hlahiswa ho phatlalla le indasteri ya bohahlaudi mme seo se tla thusa ho phahamisa maemo le seriti sa mesebetsi ya bohahlaudi. .

Sena se fana ka monyetla bakeng sa liunivesithi tsa libaka le litsi tse ling tse ngolisitsoeng ka molao le litsi tse thehiloeng ho Linaha tsa Commonwealth ho fana ka koetliso e hlophisitsoeng le setifikeiti se lebisitseng baahi ba Linaha tse ling tsa Commonwealth ba nang le thahasello ho nts'etsopele ea profeshenale joalo ka basebetsi ba bohahlauli.

Litokisetso tsa libaka tse ngata:

Leano la libaka tse ngata ke se seng sa liphetho tse tharo tsa lefa ho tsoa ho Mokhatlo oa Machaba a Kopaneng oa Bohahlauli ba Lefatše (UNWTO) ka 2017.

Tokisetso ea libaka tse ngata e theiloe holim'a litšebelisano tse kopanetsoeng tse kenyelletsang mebuso ea lifofane, lihotele, basebetsi ba bohahlauli, le libaka tse khahlang tse tla nolofalletsa baeti ho ea linaheng tse peli, tse tharo kapa ho feta tse haufi le sebaka le ho lula sebakeng se seng le se seng.

Khothatso ea eona e tsamaellana le maikutlo a ntseng a hlaha a litsebi tsa bohahlauli a hore lehlohonolo la kamoso la bohahlauli libakeng tse ikhethileng le ka ipapisa le khokahanyo ea moruo lipakeng tsa linaha tse tlatsetsang ho fapana le mekhoa e ikemetseng.

Sena se boetse se bopa mokgwa o nang le kelello wa kopanyo ya moruo o tla dumella melemo ya bohahlaudi hore e phatlalatswe ho phatlalla le diikonomi tse ngata ka hara lebatowa, ka hoo e hlahise menyetla e mengata ya moruo bakeng sa palo e kgolo ya batho.

Ehlile, litlhophiso tse atlehileng tsa libaka tse ngata li ka eketsa phallo ea bahahlauli le ho khothaletsa melemo e fapaneng bakeng sa libaka tse ngata tsa sebaka seo.

Karolo ea Setsi sa Global Tourism Resilience and Crisis Management Center (GTRCMC)

Setsi sa Global Tourism Resilience Centre se thehiloe Univesithing ea West Indies Mona Campus e Kingston, Jamaica ka 2018 e le setsi sa ho nahana sa lefats'e se shebaneng feela le ho haha ​​​​matso, ho itokisetsa likoluoa, le ho laola litšitiso indastering ea bohahlauli, haholo-holo Global South. .

Setsi sena se bitselitsoe ho sebetsa maemong a lefats'e a khetholloang eseng feela ka liqholotso tse ncha empa hape le menyetla e mecha ea bohahlauli ho ntlafatsa sehlahisoa sa bohahlauli hammoho le ho netefatsa botsitso ba bohahlauli lefatšeng ka bophara.

GTRCMC e itokiselitse ho etella pele moralo oa ts'ebetso oa nako e tlang ke Mongoli oa Commonwealth ho tebisa litlatsetso le likhokahano tsa moruo har'a linaha tsa Commonwealth ho netefatsa le ho feta hore nts'etsopele ea bohahlauli e sebeletsa lithahasello tsa nako e telele tsa libaka le litereke tsa Commonwealth.

TOurism in the Commonwealth

Bohahlauli bo bohareng ba moruo o mongata oa Commonwealth le indasteri e ntseng e hola ho fetisisa. E kenya letsoho 2.7% ho kakaretso ea GDP ea Commonwealth, e leng karolelano ea 6.7% ea GDP ka naha ka 'ngoe, 'me e hira batho ba limilione tse 34 ka kakaretso. Ho hlokometsoe hore ha moruo, palo ea baahi kapa naha e fokola, ke moo bohlokoa ba lekala moruong bo leng teng. Ka mohlala, likabelo tse phahameng ka ho fetisisa tsa lefapha lena li ho Maldives (28% ea GDP), Seychelles (24%), Vanuatu (20%), le Antigua and Barbuda (17.4%) - linaha tsohle tse tsoelang pele lihlekehlekeng tse nyenyane.

In Commonwealth Europe lefa le setso li hohela baeti; linaha le tsona li ruile 'me li ka fana ka bohahlauli ba maemo a holimo haholo. Cyprase e boetse e atlehile ho hohela bahahlauli ho tsoa mebarakeng ea mefuta eohle ho tloha UK ho ea mabopong a eona likhoeling tsa lehlabula.

Cuthbert Ncube, Molula-setulo oa Boto ea Bohahlauli ea Afrika (ka ho le letšehali)

Bohahlauli, ka kotloloho le ka tsela e sa tobang, bo bohareng ba moruo oa Caribbean; meruo e menyenyane e itšetlehile ka eona haholo. Geography le boemo ba leholimo ke lintho tse khahlang haholo. Caribbean ke 'maraka o moholo oa bohahlauli o maemong a holimo' me o na le 'maraka oa bobeli o ntseng o hola oa lehae.

In Commonwealth ea Asia, Malaysia le Maldives e bile linaha tse atlehileng ka ho fetisisa. Malaysia ke sebaka sa bobeli se tsebahalang ho Commonwealth kamora UK moo ho nang le batho ba limilione tse 24 ba etileng naheng ena ka 2009, haholo ba tsoa Asia.

Ntle le Fiji, Linaha tseo e leng litho tsa lihlekehleke tsa Pacific ka libaka tsa bona tsa tlhaho tse khahlehang ba bile le katleho e fokolang bohahlauling ka lebaka la bohole ba bona le khaello ea meaho, leha bokhoni bo ntse bo le teng, joalo ka ha litsebi li bolela. Boholo ba ba fihlileng ba tsoa Australia le New Zealand. Litsebi li pheha khang ea hore ho sa tsotelehe bohole ba lihlekehleke tsa Commonwealth Pacific li ka etsa betere ho latela katleho ea bohahlauli ba bongata bo bonoang libakeng tsa lihlekehleke tsa Pacific tsa USA le Fora joalo ka Hawaii le French Polynesia, ka ho latellana.

Australia le New Zealand hohela mefuta eohle ea baeti ho tloha ho bo-rakhoebo ho ea ho li-backpackers. Tourism Australia, boto ea bohahlauli e tšehelitsoeng ka lichelete ke naha, e ikemiselitse haholo ho bapatsa Europe Bophirima le Amerika Leboea ho motho ea batlang boiphihlelo.

In Commonwealth Afrika, liphoofolo tse hlaha, boemo ba leholimo le jeokrafi ke lintho tse ka sehloohong tse hohelang. Ke liphoofolong tse hlaha moo Commonwealth Africa e hlahelletseng lefatšeng ka bophara ka libaka tsa eona tsa polokelo ea liphoofolo tse atileng le tse tsebahalang tse kang Serengeti (Tanzania), Kruger (Afrika Boroa), Masai Mara (Kenya) le Chobe (Botswana). Ehlile, ke libaka tsa boikhathollo tsa naha tse karolong ea Commonwealth ea Afrika tse fumanehang feela ho batataisi ba maeto. Linaha tse ling tse kang Mauritius, Afrika Boroa le Seychelles ke libaka tse holimo tsa bohahlauli.

Canada ke sebaka se seholo sa bahahlauli. Lihlooho tsa setso metseng ea eona e mene e meholo Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver le Ottawa ke likhahla tse kholo ho baeti. Canada e tumme lefatšeng ka bophara ka boleng le mefuta e fapaneng ea libaka tsa eona tsa phomolo tsa ski tseo ho seng naha e 'ngoe ea Commonwealth e ka bapisoang le tsona.

Linaha tsa Hona joale tsa Commonwealth

MOAFRIKA:

Asia

Caribbean le Amerika

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Mabapi le mongoli

Mokha oa Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz esale a sebetsa indastering ea maeto le ea bohahlauli ho tloha ha a le lilemong tsa bocha Jeremane (1977).
O thehile eTurboNews ka 1999 e le leselinyana la pele le fumanehang marang-rang bakeng sa indasteri ea bohahlauli ea maeto a lefats'e.

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