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WHO e phatlalatsa boipiletso bo potlakileng ba US $ 7.7 billion ho emisa ts'ebetso e fapaneng

LITLHAKU TSA COVID lipetlele tse makatsang hape

Ka linyeoe tse ngata tsa COVID-19 tse tlalehiloeng likhoeling tse 5 tse qalang tsa 2021 ho feta ka selemo sa 2020, lefats'e le ntse le le mothating o matla oa seoa - leha ho na le litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa ente linaheng tse ling e sirelletsang batho ho tsoa ho mafu le lefu le matla.

  1. Boipiletso ba US $ 7.7 billion ha se tlhoko ea tlatsetso ea lichelete empa ke karolo ea tekanyetso ea 2021 ea ACT-Accelerator, e hlokoang ka potlako likhoeling tse 4 tse tlang ho loants'a mefuta e meng ea COVID.
  2. Ho lekoa ka mokhoa o sa lekanang le sekhahla se tlase sa liente ho eketsa tšoaetso ea mafu le lits'oants'o tse matla tsa bophelo ba lehae.
  3. Boemo ba hajoale bo siea lefatše lohle le le tlokotsing ea mefuta e mecha.

Linaha tse ngata li na le maqhubu a macha a tšoaetso - mme ha linaha tse ngata tse nang le chelete e ngata le linaha tse ling tse kenang bohareng ba sebelisitse liente tse pharalletseng, ba beha litsamaiso tse matla tsa liteko, mme ba etsa hore kalafo e eketsehe - boholo ba bona bo tlase le bo tlase. linaha tse kenang li hula ka thata ho fumana lisebelisoa tsena tsa bohlokoa ka lebaka la khaello ea lichelete le thepa. Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo (WHO) o phatlalalitse hore ho tsetela ho ACT-Accelerator ho etsa hore lisebelisoa li fumanehe ho motho e mong le e mong, kae kapa kae, ho tla tsoela linaha tsohle molemo ka karabelo e kenyelletsang le e hokahantseng lefats'e ka bophara.

The Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-Accelerator) ke kopano ea lefats'e ea mekhatlo e ntlafatsang le ho kenya ts'ebetsong litlhatlhobo tse ncha, kalafo le liente tse hlokahalang ho felisa karolo e bohloko ea seoa sena. Ts'ebelisano ena e thehiloe qalong ea lefu la seoa ho arabela pitso e tsoang ho baetapele ba G20 mme e phatlalalitsoe ka Mmesa 2020 moketeng o hlophisitsoeng ka kopanelo ke Motsamaisi-Kakaretso oa Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo, Mopresidente oa Fora, Mopresidente oa Khomishene ea Europe, le Motheo oa Bill & Melinda Gates. Lithuso tsa lichelete tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa boiteko li tsoa ho phutuho e neng e e-so ka e bonoa ea bafani, ho kenyeletsoa linaha, lekala la poraefete, liphallelo le balekane ba linaha tse ngata.

Ha a ntse a 4 mefuta e fapaneng ea ho tšoenyeha hajoale e busa lefu la seoa, ho na le ts'abo ea hore mefuta e mecha ea ho tšoenyeha e kanna ea hlaha.

Ka katleho e hapiloeng ka thata ea likhoeli tse 3 tse fetileng e le kotsing, ACT-Accelerator e kentse $ USBoipiletso ba limilione tse likete tse 7.7, Karabelo e Potlakileng ea ACT-Accelerator Delta (RADAR), ho potlakela:

  • Fokotsa liteko: US $ 2.4 bilione ho beha linaha tsohle tse nang le moputso o tlase le o tlase bohareng ho nyoloha ka makhetlo a leshome litekong tsa COVID-19 le ho netefatsa hore linaha tsohle li nyolohela maemong a liteko a khotsofatsang. Sena se tla ntlafatsa kutloisiso ea lehae le ea lefatše ka bophara ea mafu a fetohang le mafu a mangata a tšoenyang, ho tsebise ts'ebeliso e nepahetseng ea mehato ea bophelo bo botle ba sechaba le ea kahisano le ho khaola liketane tsa phetisetso.
  • Boloka boiteko ba R&D ba ho lula pele ho vaerase: US $ 1 billion bakeng sa R&D e ntseng e tsoela pele, e nolofalletsa ho theoa le ho etsoa ha 'maraka, thuso ea tekheniki le tlhahiso ea tlhokeho ho netefatsa hore liteko, kalafo le liente li lula li sebetsa khahlano le phapano ea Delta le mefuta e meng e hlahang, le hore lia fumaneha ebile li theko e tlase moo li hlokahalang.
  • Aterese ea oksijene e matla e hloka ho pholosa maphelo:  US $ 1.2 billion ho sebetsana ka potlako le oksijene e matla e hloka ho phekola ba kulang haholo le ho laola likhahla tsa lefu tse hlahisoang ke phapang ea Delta.
  • Ho tsamaisa lisebelisoa: US $ 1.4 billion ho thusa linaha ho tseba le ho sebetsana le mathata a bohlokoa bakeng sa ho tsamaisa le ho sebelisa lisebelisoa tsohle tsa COVID-19. Ha phepelo ea liente tsa COVID-19 e ntse e eketseha likhoeling tse tlang, lichelete tse bonolo li tla ba bohlokoa ho thusa ho tlatsa likheo tse pepesang.
  • Sireletsa basebeletsi ba bophelo bo botle ba pele: US $ 1.7 billion ho fa basebeletsi ba tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle ba limilione tse peli ka PPE ea mantlha e lekaneng ho ba boloka ba bolokehile ha ba ntse ba hlokomela ba kulang, ho thibela ho putlama ha litsamaiso tsa bophelo moo basebetsi ba bophelo ba seng ba ntse ba se na basebetsi le ho otloloha, le ho thibela ho hasana ho tsoelang pele ha COVID-19.

Ntle le boipiletso ba US $ 7.7 billion, ho na le monyetla oa ho boloka phepelo ea liente ka ho sebelisa likhetho kotareng ea bone ea 2021 bakeng sa tekanyetso ea limilione tse 760 ea ente e tla ba teng bohareng ba 2022 ho feta tekanyetso e felletsoeng ka botlalo eo COVAX e tla fana ka eona ho fihlela qetellong ea Q1 2022. Boitlamo ba ho boloka likhetho tsena tsa ente kotareng ea ho qetela ea selemo bakeng sa ho pepa bohareng ba 2022 bo ka etsoa Gavi / COVAX, joalo ka karolo ea marang-rang a mekhatlo ea ACT-A.  

Kopano ea maeto a lefats'e ka bophara Mmaraka oa maeto oa Lefatše London o khutlile! Mme o memilwe. Ona ke monyetla oa hau oa ho hokahana le basebetsi-'moho le uena indastering, marang-rang a lithaka, ho ithuta lintlha tsa bohlokoa le ho fihlela katleho ea khoebo ka matsatsi a 3 feela! Ngolisa ho boloka sebaka sa hau kajeno! e tla etsahala ho tloha ka la 7-9 Pulungoana 2022. Ngodisa hona joale!

Phepelo ea pokello ea litekanyetso tsa limilione tse 760 tsa ente ka ho sebelisa likhetho kotareng ea ho qetela selemong sena ho netefatsa hore ho na le phepelo e tsoelang pele e fumanehang bakeng sa ho tsamaisa ka 2022 e hloka chelete e kholo. Ho tlisoa ha litekanyetso tsena tse limilione tse 760 ho tla bitsa $ 3.8 billion e eketsehileng. 

Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Motsamaisi-Kakaretso oa WHO, o itse: “US $ 7.7 billion e hlokahala ka potlako ho tšehetsa mosebetsi oa ACT-Accelerator ho sebetsana le ts'ebetso ea Delta le ho beha lefats'e tseleng ea ho felisa seoa sena. Tsetelo ena ke karolo e nyane ea chelete eo mebuso e e sebelisang ho sebetsana le COVID-19 mme e etsa hore e be le boits'oaro, moruo le seoa. Haeba lichelete tsena li sa fumanehe hona joale ho emisa phetiso ea Delta linaheng tse tlokotsing haholo, ntle ho pelaelo re tla lefa litlamorao hamorao selemong. ”

Carl Bildt, Moemeli ea Khethehileng oa WHO ho ACT-Accelerator, o ile a re: "Ho felisa seoa sena ho tla hlahisa limilione tse likete tsa lidolara pusong ea moruo ka lebaka la keketseho ea moruo oa lefats'e le ho fokotsa tlhoko ea merero ea mmuso ea ho sebetsana le mathata a bophelo le a lichelete ao COVID- Lisosa tse 19. Fesetere ea mohato e se e fihlile. ”

ACT-Accelerator haufinyane e phatlalalitse file ea eona ea Q2 2021 Tlaleho ea Tlhatlhobo, e fanang ka kakaretso ea khatelo-pele e entsoeng ho tlisa lisebelisoa tsa ho pholosa bophelo tsa COVID-19 linaheng tse lefats'eng ka bophara, mme e totobatsa boiteko bo entsoeng ho netefatsa hore litsamaiso tsa bophelo bo botle li khona ho amohela le ho ntlafatsa ka botlalo ts'ebeliso ea mehato ea COVID-19, nakong ea Nako ea Mmesa-ho isa ho la 2021. E bonts'a hore na matsete a entsoeng ho ACT-Accelerator a tsamaisitse sephetho le phello joang ntoeng khahlanong le COVID-19.

Puo e ntseng e eketseha ea lefats'e le merero e mecha e pheta bohlokoa ba ho fihlela tekano ntoeng khahlanong le seoa sena. Ka likhoeli tse fetang 15 feela, ka la 9 Phato, 2021, bafani ba ne ba se ba le matla 'me ba fane ka US $ 17.8 billion ea litlhoko tsa lichelete tsa $ 38.1 billion tsa ACT-Accelerator. Ho fana hona ho seng mohla ho kileng ha e-ba teng ho entse hore ho be le boiteko bo potlakileng le bo hokahaneng ho feta nalane ho nts'etsapele lisebelisoa tsa ho sireletsa ts'ireletso ea bophelo bo botle lefats'eng, le ho fana ka tšusumetso moo e hlokahalang haholo.

Lintho tse fihletsoeng litšiea tsa ACT-Accelerator li kenyelletsa:

Tšiea ea ho hlahloba, e kopantsoeng ke FIND le Global Fund, e sebetsa 'moho le UNITAID, UNICEF, WHO le balekane ba fetang 30 ba bophelo bo botle ba lefats'e ho matlafatsa phihlello e lekanang ea mahlale a ho hlahloba a COVID-19:

  • Ho fumanoe liteko tse fetang limilione tse 84 tsa limolek'hule le li-antigen (RDTs) ka tlhahlobo ea Diagnostics Consortium
  • Tlhahiso ea libaka e matlafalitsoe ka phetisetso ea mahlale
  • Linaha tse fetang 70 li tšehelitse ho holisa meralo ea motheo ea laboratori le ho nyolla liteko.

Tšiea ea kalafo, e kopantsoeng ke Wellcome, Unitaid, e tšehelitsoeng ke WHO, UNICEF le Global Fund e na le:

  • Re fumane kalafo ea boleng ba US $ 37 milione ho kenyeletsoa le litekanyetso tsa limilione tse 3 tsa dexamethasone, le phepelo ea oksijene ea boleng ba $ 316 milione.
  • Boitsebiso bo ts'ehetsoeng ba kalafo ea pele e bolokang bophelo bakeng sa COVID-19 - dexamethasone - le ho fana ka tataiso ea lefats'e ts'ebelisong ea eona.
  • COVID-19 Oxygen Emergency Taskforce e ile ea buloa ho lekola le ho sebetsana le li-surge tsa COVID-19 tse batloang ho fokotsa lefu le ka thibeloang. Tšiea e boetse e sentse tumellano bakeng sa bafani ba kholo ka ho fetisisa ba bongaka ba oksijene ea bongaka - Air Liquide le Linde - ho sebelisana le balekane ba ACT-Accelerator mabapi le phihlello e eketsehileng ea oksijene linaheng tse nang le chelete e tlase le e bohareng. Tlhokahalo ea lefats'e ea oksijene ea bongaka hajoale e feta makhetlo a fetang a mabeli ho feta seoa sena.
  • Ho tloha qalong ea lefu la seoa ho fihlela ka la 1 Phupu, 2021, chelete e fetang li-US $ 97 milione ea phepelo ea oksijene (lintho tse limilione tse 2.7) e rometsoe linaheng.
  • Ntle le moo, kotareng e fetileng, lidolara tse limilione tse likete tse 219 tsa Amerika li filoe linaha bakeng sa phumants'o ea litokisetso tsa oksijene, ho kenyeletsoa li-concentrator tsa oksijene le lijalo tse ncha tsa oksijene tsa sechaba, ka Global Fund COVID-19 Response Mechanism.

COVAX, pilara ea liente, e kopantsoe ke Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), Gavi, Alliance ea Vaccine le World Health Organisation (WHO) - ba sebetsang ka kopanelo le UNICEF joalo ka molekane oa bohlokoa oa ts'ebetsong, le baetsi ba ente, mekhatlo ea sechaba, le Banka ea Lefatše e na le:

  • Ho potlakisitse lipatlisiso le nts'etsopele ea potefolio ea bakhethoa ba ente e 11 ho liforomo tse 4 tsa mahlale.
  • E rometsoe ka kakaretso liente tse limilione tse 186.2 ho ea linaheng tse 138 le moruong (ho tloha ka la 5 Phato 2021). Ho tsena, litekanyetso tse limilione tse 137.5 li ile tsa romelloa linaheng tse 84 tsa AMC le moruong. Ho lebelletsoe hore tekanyetso e felletseng ea tekanyetso ea limilione tse likete tse 1.9 e tla ba teng bakeng sa ho romelloa mafelong a 2021. Ho tsena, bankakarolo ba AMC ba lebelletsoe ho fumana litekanyo tse ka bang limilione tse likete tse 1.5, ho kenyeletsoa le litekanyetso tse fanoeng, tse lekanang le lipalo tse ka bang 23% tsa baahi (ntle le India) .
  • Ho thehiloe Sehlopha sa Ts'ebetso ea Lihlahisoa ho supa le ho rarolla mathata a tlhahiso se sitisang phihlello e lekanang ea liente ka COVAX. Mosebetsi o sebetsana ka potlako le diphephetso le mathata a nako e khuts'oane mme o sebetsa le tumellano ho Aforika Borwa ho fetisa mahlale le ho theha setsi sa tlhahiso ea ente sebakeng seo, ho netefatsa ts'ireletso ea nako e telele ea bophelo bo botle ba tikoloho.

Mohokahanyi oa Systems ea Bophelo, e kopantsoeng ke Global Fund, WHO le Banka ea Lefatše e na le:

  • Qetellong ea Mmesa, o ile a reka PPE e jang chelete e fetang limilione tse likete tse mashome a mahlano tsa Amerika, a lekola ho itokisetsa ha naha bakeng sa ho kenya liente tsa COVID-500 linaheng tse fetang 19 (ka kopanelo ke Banka ea Lefatše, GFF, Gavi, Global Fund, UNICEF le WHO), mme ea tlaleha litšitiso ho 140% ea litsamaiso tsa bophelo bo botle le lits'ebeletso ka lipatlisiso tsa naha tsa linaha tse fetang 90.
  • Re hapile leseli le ikhethileng la naha mabapi le mathata le liqholotso tse tsoelang pele tse amanang le lits'ebeletso tsa bophelo bo botle mme e hlahisitse litataiso le koetliso ea lefats'e ka bophara libakeng tse ngata tsa bohlokoa tsa bophelo bo botle.
  • E thusitsoe ho fokotsa litheko tsa PPE, ho fihlela 90% litlhoro tsa phokotso ho limaske tsa bongaka le phefumoloho ea N95 / FFP2. Lefapha la Global Fund, ka CVR-19 Response Mechanism (C19RM), le Global Financing Facility, ka COVID-19 Essential Health Services, li file lithuso ho linaha ho reka PPE, ho aba lithethefatsi le ho koetlisa basebeletsi ba bophelo ba sechaba ho phatlalatseng liente ho matlafatsa karabelo ea naha ea COVID-19.
  • Sesebelisoa sa PPE se behiloeng pele ke UNICEF libakeng tsa polokelo tse Copenhagen, Dubai, Panama le Shanghai li fumaneha hanghang bakeng sa ho isoa linaheng tse hlokang, ho latela phihlello ea lichelete.

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Linda Hohnholz, mohlophisi oa eTN

Linda Hohnholz esale a ngola le ho hlophisa lingoloa ho tloha qalong ea mosebetsi oa hae oa boipheliso. O sebelisitse takatso ena ea tlhaho libakeng tse kang Hawaii Pacific University, Chaminade University, Hawaii Children's Discovery Center, 'me hona joale TravelNewsGroup.

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