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Tampa Bay Hotel: Libaka tse Felletseng ka ho Fetisisa tsa Lintja tse teng

Setšoantšo se amoheloa ke S.Turkel

Katleho ea Henry M. Flagler's Ponce de Leon Hotel e St. Augustine e ile ea kholisa Henry B. Plant hore Tampa e hloka hotele e ncha e tsotehang. Ka tumellano ea lekhotla la toropo bakeng sa borokho bo bocha ka mose ho Noka ea Hillsborough le bakeng sa phokotso e kholo ea lekhetho la thekiso ea matlo, Plant e ile ea khetha setsebi sa meralo sa New York City John A. Wood ho rala hotele e ntle haholo. Lejoe la motheo la Tampa Bay Hotele e ile ea behoa ka la 26 Phupu, 1888, 'me hotele ea likamore tse 511 e ile ea buloa ka la 5 February, 1891, e nang le rotunda e bophahamo ba limithara tse 23 e tšehetsoeng ke litšiea tse leshome le metso e meraro tsa granite. Hotele ea pele ea Florida e nang le motlakase ka botlalo e ne e na le lintlha tse latelang:

• Likamore tsa baeti: kamore ea ho hlapa e le 'ngoe bakeng sa likamore tse ling le tse ling tse tharo (ha Ponce de Leon e ne e e-na le likamore tsa ho hlapa tse kopanetsoeng qetellong ea liphaseje); lik’hapete, libethe tse bonolo, lithelefono, ho futhumatsa metsi a chesang, leifo le seipone se chitja sa bophara ba lisenthimithara tse leshome le metso e mehlano se behiloeng holim’a siling ea kamore e ’ngoe le e ’ngoe e nang le li-bulb tse tharo ka tlaase ho lahlela khanya likarolong tsohle tsa likamore. Ho phaella moo, ho ne ho e-na le mabone a mabeli a motlakase a behiloeng ka lehlakoreng la tafole ea ho roala.

• Li-suites tse leshome le metso e ts'eletseng: e 'ngoe le e 'ngoe e na le li-parlors, likamore tse tharo tsa ho robala, mamati a thellang, libethe tse peli le liphaseje tsa poraefete.

• Mehaho ea sechaba e ne e akarelletsa k'hefi, kamore ea libilione, ofisi ea mohala, lebenkele la ho kuta moriri, lebenkele la lithethefatsi, lebenkele la lipalesa, sebaka sa basali ba khethehileng bakeng sa shuffleboard, kamore ea billiard, ofisi ea mohala le lisebelisoa tsa k'hefi. Hape ho ne ho e-na le libate tsa linale le metsi a nang le liminerale, ho silila le ngaka. Ho ne ho e-na le mabenkele a mang a manyenyane sebakeng sa arcade.

• Mehaho ea boithabiso e ne e akarelletsa mabala a tenese le mabala a likoena, ho palama liricho, lebala la kolofo le nang le mekoti e 18, litala, maeto a ho tsoma le maeto a ho khantšoa ka motlakase Hillsborough River ho ea shebella likoluoane le mullet.

• Lijo tsa mantsiboea e ne e le tsa molao ka mese e majabajaba, libaki le lithae. Ho ne ho e-na le 'mino o binoang ke sehlopha sa 'mino oa liletsa o neng o behiloe boemong ba bobeli ba phaposi e khōlō ea ho jela. Ka mor'a lijo tsa mantsiboea, baeti ba ile ba arohana-banna ba ea bareng bakeng sa li-cigar le li-liquor tsa ka mor'a lijo tsa mantsiboea, basali ba ea kamoreng ea ho phomola bakeng sa lino tse pholileng le moqoqo.

• Ts'ebeletso e 'ngoe e fanoeng ke hotele e ne e le masaka a lintja a leshome le metso e mehlano bakeng sa bolulo ba liphoofolo tse ruuoang lapeng tse tsamaisoang ke baeti ba hotele nakong ea ha ba le Florida. Likamore li ne li le serapeng sa boikhathollo sa halofo ea acre se nang le lifate tsa moriti 'me se kampetsoe ka terata e bolelele ba limithara tse tšeletseng. Bukana ea hotele e boletse hore e na le:

"Bolulo ba lintja bo phethahetseng ka ho fetesisa hoteleng efe kapa efe e teng."

Henry Bradley Plant (Mphalane 27, 1819 - Phuptjane 23, 1899), e ne e le rakhoebo, rakhoebo, le motseteli ea amehang ka lithahasello le merero e mengata ea lipalangoang, haholo-holo tsa literene, ka boroa-bochabela ho United States. E ne e le mothehi oa Plant System ea literene le li-steamboats.

O hlahetse ka 1819 Branford, Connecticut, Plant o kene ts'ebeletso ea terene ka 1844, a sebetsa joalo ka lenģosa la Hartford le New Haven Railroad ho fihlela 1853, nakong eo a neng a ikarabella khoebong e hlakileng ea tsela eo. O ile a leba boroa ka 1853 mme a theha melapo ea literene tse fapaneng tsa boroa, mme ka 1861 a hlophisa Southern Express Co., mme ea e-ba mopresidente oa eona. Ka 1879 o ile a reka, hammoho le ba bang, Atlantic le Gulf Railroad ea Georgia, ’me hamorao a hlophisa bocha Savannah, Florida le Western Railroad, eo e ileng ea e-ba mopresidente oa eona. O ile a reka le ho tsosolosa, ka 1880, Savannah le Charleston Railroad, eo hona joale e leng Charleston le Savannah. Nakoana ka mor'a sena o ile a hlophisa Plant Investment Co., ho laola litsela tsena tsa terene le ho ntšetsa pele lithahasello tsa bona ka kakaretso, 'me hamorao a theha mohala oa steamboat nokeng ea St. John's, Florida. Ho tloha 1853 ho fihlela 1860 e ne e le mookameli oa kakaretso oa karolo e ka boroa ea Adams Express Co., 'me ka 1867 ea e-ba mopresidente oa Texas Express Co. Lilemong tsa bo-1880, boholo ba litsela tsa hae tsa terene le tsa sekepe li ile tsa kopanngoa ho Plant System, eo. hamorao e ile ea fetoha karolo ea Atlantic Coast Line Railroad.

Semela se tsebahala haholo ka ho hokahanya sebaka sa Tampa Bay se neng se le ka thoko le boroa-bophirima ho Florida le seporong sa terene sa naha le ho theha ts'ebeletso ea kamehla ea sekepe lipakeng tsa Tampa, Cuba le Key West, ho thusa ho tsosa kholo ea baahi le kholo ea moruo tikolohong eo. Ho phahamisa sephethephethe sa bapalami, Plant e ile ea aha sebaka sa phomolo se seholo sa Tampa Bay Hotel haufi le seporo sa hae ho pholletsa le Tampa le lihotele tse 'maloa tse nyane ho ea ka boroa, ho qala indasteri ea bahahlauli ea sebaka seo. Mohanyetsi oa hae ea neng a batla a le botsoalle, Henry Flagler, ka mokhoa o tšoanang o ile a hlohlelletsa kholo lebopong le shebaneng la Florida ka ho aha Florida East Coast Railroad hammoho le libaka tsa phomolo tse 'maloa tseleng ea eona.

Sehleng sa 1896-97, Plant e ile ea aha casino/auditorium, le moaho oa lipontšo oa 80 x 110-foot ho Tampa Bay Hotel le oditoriamo e kopaneng le letamo la ho sesa ka morao. Karolo e ka bochabela ea clubhouse e ne e e-na le li-bowling tse peli le lebala la shuffleboard. Ha ho hlokahala e le holo, letamo le nang le lithaele le tletseng metsi a seliba le ne le ka koaheloa ka fatše ka lepolanka. Ha holo, e neng e lula batho ba 1,800 XNUMX, e ne e sa sebelisoe e le lebala la liketsahalo, likamore tsa ho apara tsa batšoantšisi li ile tsa fetoha likamore tsa ho chenchela bakeng sa ba hlapang. Hotele ena e ne e e-na le li-veranda tse kholo tse sephara, lirapa tse ntle, mathule a mabone a motlakase, lirafshoa tsa bochabela, liemahale tse ntle le litšoantšo tse takiloeng, limmete tsa Turkey, linkho tsa boronse tsa China. Mong le Mofumahali Plant ba ile ba nka maeto a ho ea Europe le Bochabela bo Hōle ho ea khetha le ho reka thepa ea ka tlung le lintho tse ling bakeng sa ho fana ka likamore tsa sechaba.

Poskarete ea hotele ea 1924 e hlalositse mabaka a matle ka tsela e latelang:

Lehakoe le letle hakana le lokela ho ba le sebaka se loketseng, 'me le joalo, serapeng sa tropike sa botle bo sa tloaelehang ba makhasi le mefuta. Sebaka se pota-potileng hotele se lokela ho ts'oana le boholo ba sona, ka hona se lumella meru ea lamunu, maeto a hohelang, le metsamao e hohelang ho pholletsa le mela e melelele ea palema le tlas'a lifate tsa eike tse tsamaisang lifolakha tsa tsona tse putsoa tsa boriba ba Spain.

Haufi le molatsoana ho ne ho jetsoe limela le litholoana tse ngata tsa tropike ho akarelletsa lirosa, pansies, bamboo, oleander, lipapaya, mango le liphaenapole. Kaha boemo ba leholimo bo batang ka linako tse ling bo ne bo ka senya limela tsa tropike, ho ile ha hahoa sebaka sa polokelo se tšetsoeng likhalase bakeng sa ho lema limela le lipalesa bakeng sa likamore tsa baeti, libaka tsa sechaba le litafole tsa kamore ea ho jela. Ka mor'a leeto la ho ea Bahamas, mohlokomeli oa lirapa Auton Fiche o ile a khutla le seketsoana se tletseng limela tsa tropike. Lethathamo la 1892 la litholoana, lipalesa le limela tse melang mabaleng a lihotele le thathamisitse mefuta e mashome a mabeli a metso e 'meli ea lifate tsa palema, mefuta e meraro ea libanana, mefuta e leshome le metso e' meli ea li-orchid le lifate tse fapaneng tsa citrus tse kenyeletsang lamunu, lime, lemon, grapefruit, mandarin le tangerine.

Esita le kajeno, u ka bona hore na ke hobane'ng ha Tampa Bay Hotel e ne e le lehakoe la Plant's Florida Gulf Coast Hotels. Boholo ba moaho oa pele hona joale o sebelisoa ke Univesithi ea Tampa 'me e na le Musiamo oa Henry B. Plant. Ha e buloa ka la 31 Pherekhong 1891, moqolotsi oa litaba Henry G. Parker ho Boston Saturday Evening Gazette o ile a ngola,

Tampa Bay Hotel e ncha: E ne e boloketsoe seporo sa terene se bohlale le se makatsang, Monghali HB Plant, ho kotula tlotla ea ho aha hotele ea tropike ea Florida e khahlang ka ho fetesisa, ea mantlha ebile e ntle ka ho fetisisa ka Boroa, haeba e se naha yohle; mme ke hotele eo lefatshe lohle le hlokang ho eletswa ka yona. Thepa eohle, ho kopanyelletsa le setša le moaho, e bitsa lidolara tse limilione tse peli, 'me thepa ea ka tlung le lisebelisoa tse ling li feta halofo ea milione. Ha ho letho le khopisang leihlo, phello e hlahisoang ke e 'ngoe ea lintho tse makatsang le tse thabisang.

Ho sa tsotellehe likarolo tsohle tsa hotele, ha ho mohla e kileng ea atleha khoebong mehleng ea Plant. O ne a sa thahaselle litlaleho tsa lichelete mme a bolela hore hotele e ne e le ea bohlokoa haeba feela e ka thabela setho sa eona se seholo sa phala ea Jeremane. Henry B. Plant Museum e Tampa Bay Hotel (e thehilweng ka 1933) e hopola dilemo tsa hotele eo e neng e kgabiswa ka yona, ha moaparo o tlwaelehileng bakeng sa dijo tsa mantsiboya e ne e le o tlwaelehileng mme diricha di ne di tsamaisa baeti hara ditshingwana tse sa tlwaelehang tsa hotele eo. Kamore ea Ntoa ea Spain le Amerika e bua pale ea hotele e bapalitsoeng ntoeng ea 1898 lipakeng tsa United States le Cuba e neng e tšoaretsoe Spain. Hobane Tampa e ne e le toropo e haufi le Cuba e nang le lisebelisoa tsa terene le tsa boema-kepe, e ile ea khethoa e le sebaka sa ntoa. Ka 1977 hotele e ile ea khethoa hore e be National Historic Landmark.

Mora oa Plant, Morton Freeman Plant (1852-1918), e ne e le motlatsi oa mopresidente oa Plant Investment Company ho tloha ka 1884 ho isa 1902 'me a fumana khetho ea ho ba sekepe sa sekepe. E ne e le karolo ea mong'a sehlopha sa baseball sa Philadelphia ho National League, 'me e le eena feela mong'a sehlopha sa New London se Eastern League ea limpho tse ngata tsa Plant ho lipetlele le litsi tse ling tse tsebahalang haholo e ne e le matlo a marobalo a mararo le mpho e sa lekanyetsoang ea $1,000,000 ho ea. Koleche ea Connecticut ea Basali. Ntlo ea khale ea Plant ea 1905 e Fifth Avenue e New York City joale ke lehae la Cartier.

MONGOLI OA TŠEPISANG MOSEBETSI: Stanley Turkel o ile a khethoa e le Rahistori oa Selemo oa 2020 ke Historic Hotels of America, lenaneo le molaong la National Trust for Historic Preservation, leo a neng a reiloe lebitso la lona pejana ka 2015 le 2014. Turkel ke moeletsi oa hotele ea phatlalatsoang ho fetisisa United States. O sebetsa ka mokhoa oa hae oa boeletsi ba hotele e le paki e nang le boiphihlelo linyeoeng tse amanang le hotele, o fana ka taolo ea thepa le lipuisano tsa ho rekisa ka lihotele. O netefalitsoe e le Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ke Setsi sa Thuto sa American Hotel le Lodging Association. [imeile e sirelelitsoe] 917-628-8549

Buka ea hae e ncha "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa.

Libuka tse ling tse hatisitsoeng tsa Hotel:

• Lihotele tse Khabane tsa Amerika: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea lihotele (2009)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tsa New York (2011)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse lilemo li 100+ tsa Bochabela ho Mississippi (2013)

• Hotele Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar oa Waldorf (2014)

• Lihotele tsa Great American Hoteliers Karolo ea 2: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea Hotel (2016)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tse nang le lilemo tse ngata Bophirimela ho Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Buka ea 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Baetsi ba Lihotele ba Great American Hotel Moqolo I (2019)

• Hotele Mavens: Buka ea 3: Bob le Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Libuka tsena kaofela li ka odaroa ho AuthorHouse ka ho etela stanleyturkel.com  le ho tobetsa sehlooho sa buka.

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Stanley Turkel CMHS hotele-online.com

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