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IATA: Khōlo ea thepa ea moea e ea fokotseha, empa e ntse e tsoela pele

IATA: Khōlo ea thepa ea moea e ea fokotseha, empa e ntse e tsoela pele
IATA: Khōlo ea thepa ea moea e ea fokotseha, empa e ntse e tsoela pele
ngotsoeng ke Harry Johnson

The Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Lipalangoang tsa Moea (IATA) datha e lokollotsoeng bakeng sa limmaraka tsa lefats'e tsa thepa ea moea e bonts'ang kholo e liehang ka Pherekhong 2022. Litšitiso tsa ketane ea phepelo le litšitiso tsa bokhoni, hammoho le ho putlama ha maemo a moruo bakeng sa tlhokahalo e fokotsehileng ea lekala. 

  • Tlhokahalo ea lefats'e, e lekantsoeng ka lik'hilomithara tsa thepa (CTKs), e nyolohile ka 2.7% ha e bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021 (3.2% bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea machabeng). Sena se ne se le tlase haholo ho feta kholo ea 9.3% e bonoang ka Tšitoe 2021 (11.1% bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea machabeng).
  • Bokhoni bo ne bo le 11.4% ho feta Pherekhong 2021 (10.8% bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea machabeng). Leha sena se le sebakeng se setle, ha se bapisoa le maemo a pele ho COVID-19, bokhoni bo ntse bo le thata, 8.9% ka tlase ho maemo a Pherekhong 2019. 
  • Litšitiso tsa ketane ea phepelo hammoho le ho putlama ha maemo a moruo lekaleng lena li fokotsa kholo.

Ho lokela ho hlokomeloa lintlha tse 'maloa:

  • Litšitiso tsa phepelo ea thepa li bakiloe ke ho hlakoloa ha sefofane ka lebaka la khaello ea basebetsi, boemo ba leholimo ba mariha le ho isa boholeng bo fokolang ba ho romelloa ha 5G USA, hammoho le leano la zero-COVID naheng ea China le Hong Kong. 
  • Letšoao la Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) le latang litaelo tse ncha tsa kantle ho naha le theohile ka tlase ho letšoao la 50 ka Pherekhong lekhetlo la pele ho tloha ka Phato 2020, ho bonts'a hore likhoebo tse ngata tse entsoeng lipatlisiso li tlalehile ho oa ha litaelo tse ncha tsa thomello. 
  • Pherekhong Global Supplier Delivery Time Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) e ne e le ho 37.8. Le ha boleng bo ka tlase ho 50 hangata bo loketse thepa ea moea, maemong a hajoale e supa ho lelefala ha linako tsa phano ka lebaka la mathata a phepelo. 
  • Karolelano ea thepa-ho-thekiso e lula e le tlase. Sena se nepahetse bakeng sa thepa ea moea kaha ho bolela hore bahlahisi ba ka fetohela thepa ea moea ho fihlela tlhokahalo ka potlako. 

“Keketseho ea tlhokahalo ea 2.7% ka Pherekhong e ne e le ka tlase ho tebello, ho latela 9.3% e tlalehiloeng ka Tšitoe. Sena se ka etsahala se bonts'a phetoho ho sekhahla se tloaelehileng sa kholo ea 4.9% se lebelletsoeng selemong sena. Leha ho le joalo, ha re sheba pele, re ka lebella hore 'maraka oa thepa o tla angoa ke ntoa ea Russia le Ukraine. Liphetoho tse amanang le likotlo mesebetsing ea tlhahiso le moruo, litheko tse ntseng li phahama tsa oli le ho hloka botsitso hoa naha lia kopana. Bokhoni bo lebelletsoe ho tla tlas'a khatello e kholo mme litefiso li kanna tsa nyoloha. Ho isa bohōleng bofe, leha ho le joalo, e ntse e le pele haholo ho bolela esale pele,” ho boletse Willie Walsh, IATAMotsamaisi Kakaretso.   

Tlhaselo ea Russia ea Ukraine

Tlhaselo ea Russia ea Ukraine e tla ba le phello e mpe ho thepa ea moea. Ho koaloa ha lifofane ho tla emisa khokahanyo e tobileng mebarakeng e mengata e hokahaneng le Russia.

Ka kakaretso, tšusumetso mebarakeng ea lefats'e e lebelletsoe ho ba tlase joalo ka ha thepa e eang/ho tloha/ka hare ho Russia e bakile 0.6% feela ea thepa ea lefatše e tsamaisoang ke sefofane ka 2021.

Bajari ba thepa ba 'maloa ba ikhethileng ba ngolisitsoe Russia le Ukraine, haholo ba amehang mesebetsing ea ho phahamisa thepa e boima. 

Ts'ebetso ea Lebatooa la Pherekhong

  • Lifofane tsa Asia-Pacific ba bone meroalo ea thepa ea moea e eketseha ka 4.9% ka Pherekhong 2022 ha e bapisoa le khoeling eona eo ka 2021. Sena se ne se le ka tlase haholo ho kholo ea khoeli e fetileng ea 12.0%. Bokhoni bo teng sebakeng sena bo ne bo nyolohile ka 11.4% ha bo bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021, leha ho le joalo bo ntse bo le thata ha bo bapisoa le maemo a pele ho COVID-19, ho theohile ka 15.4% ha ho bapisoa le 2019. Leano la zero-COVID naheng ea China le Hong Kong le ama ts'ebetso. Litokisetso tsa matsatsi a phomolo a Selemo se Secha sa Machaena le tsona li ka ba le tšusumetso e ngata, empa ho thata ho li arola.
  • Bajari ba Amerika Leboea e behile phokotseho ea 1.2% ea palo ea thepa ka Pherekhong 2022 ha e bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021. Sena se ne se le ka tlase haholo ho ts'ebetso ea Tšitoe (7.7%). Tšitiso ea phepelo ea thepa ka lebaka la khaello ea basebetsi, boemo ba leholimo bo matla ba mariha le litaba tsa ho romelloa ha 5G hammoho le ho phahama ha theko ea lichelete le maemo a fokolang a moruo a amme kholo. Bokhoni bo nyolohile ka 8.7% ha bo bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021. 
  • Bajari ba Europe e bone keketseho ea 7.0% ea palo ea thepa ka Pherekhong 2022 ha e bapisoa le khoeling eona eo ka 2021. Le hoja sena se ne se le butle ho feta khoeli e fetileng (10.6%), Europe e ne e le matla ho feta libaka tse ling tse ngata. Bajari ba Europe ba ruile molemo tšebetsong e matla ea moruo le ho nolofalloa ha bokhoni. Bokhoni bo ne bo nyolohile ka 18.8% ka Pherekhong 2022 ha bo bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021, mme bo theohile ka 8.1% ha bo bapisoa le maemo a pele ho koluoa ​​(2019). 
  • Bajari ba Middle East e bile le phokotseho ea 4.6% ea palo ea thepa ka Pherekhong 2022. Ena e bile ts'ebetso e fokolang ea libaka tsohle le phokotseho ea ts'ebetso ha e bapisoa le khoeli e fetileng (2.2%). Sena se bakiloe ke ho senyeha ha sephethephethe litseleng tse 'maloa tsa bohlokoa tse kang Middle East-Asia, le Middle East-North America. Bokhoni bo ne bo nyolohile ka 6.2% ha bo bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021 empa bo ntse bo le thata ha bo bapisoa le maemo a pele ho COVID-19, ho theohile ka 11.8% ha ho bapisoa le khoeling eona eo ka 2019.  
  • Bajari ba Latin America e tlalehile keketseho ea 11.9% ea palo ea thepa ka Pherekhong 2022 ha e bapisoa le nako ea 2021. Hona e bile phokotseho ho tsoa ho ts'ebetso ea khoeli e fetileng (19.4%). Bokhoni ka Pherekhong bo ne bo theohile ka 12.9% ha bo bapisoa le khoeling eona eo ka 2021 mme bo ntse bo le tlase haholo ha bo bapisoa le maemo a pele ho COVID-19, ho theohile ka 28.9% khahlano le 2019.
  • Lifofane tsa lifofane tsa Afrika'me palo ea thepa e eketsehile ka 12.4% ka Pherekhong 2022 ha e bapisoa le Pherekhong 2021. Sebaka sena e ne e le sebapali se matla ka ho fetisisa. Bokhoni bo ne bo le 13.0% ho feta maemo a Pherekhong 2021. 

Litaba Tse Amanang

Mabapi le mongoli

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson e bile mohlophisi oa kabelo bakeng sa eTurboNews ka lilemo tse fetang 20. O lula Honolulu, Hawaii, ’me o tsoa Europe. O thabela ho ngola le ho akaretsa litaba.

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