Lik'hamphani tsa Lifofane li Lahlile Mekotla ea Hao? IATA e Kentse Tharollo

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Ho tsamaisa thepa lifofaneng e bile phephetso, empa boemo bo ntse bo tsoela pele ho laola ho latela Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Lipalangoang tsa Lifofane (IATA).

Tsepamisa maikutlo hodima IATA Resolution 753, e hlokang ho lata thoto ha e amoheloa, e laolloa, e fetisoa le ha e fihla, tlhahlobo ea lifofane tse 155 le boema-fofane ba 94 e senola hore:

• 44% ea lik'hamphani tsa lifofane li kentse tšebetsong Resolution 753 ka botlalo 'me tse ling tse 41% li ntse li tsoela pele.

• Phapang ea libaka mabapi le litefiso tsa ho amoheloa ka botlalo tsa lifofane li fapana ho tloha ho 88% Chaena le Asia Leboea ho ea ho 60% Linaheng tsa Amerika, 40% Europe le Asia-Pacific, le 27% Afrika. 

• 75% ea boema-fofane bo entsoeng lipatlisiso bo na le bokhoni ba ho latela mekotla ea Resolution 753

• Boitokisetso ba boemafofane bakeng sa Resolution 753 bo fapana ho ea ka boholo*: 75% ea boema-fofane bo boholo bo na le bokhoni, 85% ea boemafofane bo boholo, 82% ea boemafofane bo boholo, le 61% ea boema-fofane bo mahareng.

• Optical barcode scanning ke thekenoloji e hlahelletseng ea ho latedisa e kentsweng tshebetsong ke bongata ba maemafofane (73%) a hlahlobilweng. Ho latedisa ho sebedisa RFID, e sebetsang hantle ho feta, ho kenngwa tshebetsong ho 27% ya boemafofane bo hlahlobilweng. Haholo-holo, theknoloji ea RFID e bone litekanyetso tse phahameng tsa ho amoheloa boema-fofane ba mega, 'me 54% e se e ntse e kenya ts'ebetsong mokhoa ona o tsoetseng pele oa ho latedisa.

"Pakeng tsa 2007 le 2022 ho ts'oaroa ha thepa hampe ho fokotsehile ka hoo e ka bang 60%. Ke litaba tse monate tseo.

Leha ho le joalo, bapalami ba na le litebello tse phahameng ha ho tluoa phihlelong ea bona ea maeto, 'me lekala la lifofane le ikemiselitse ho tsoela pele ho ntlafatsa litšebeletso tsa lona. Ka ho kenya ts'ebetsong mekhoa ea ho latela mekotla ka mekhahlelo e fapaneng e kang ho amoheloa, ho kenya, ho fetisa le ho fana ka thepa, indasteri e ka bokella lintlha tsa bohlokoa bakeng sa merero ea ntlafatso.

Ts'ebetso ena ea ho lata e fokotsa maemo a mekotla e sa tšoaroeng hampe 'me e nolofalletsa lik'hamphani tsa lifofane ho kopanya thōtō e lahlehileng le beng ba tsona ka potlako.

Ka 44% ea lifofane tse seng li ntse li kopanya ka botlalo Resolution 753 tracking, 'me 41% e eketsehileng e ntse e tsoela pele ho kenya ts'ebetsong, baeti ba ka kholiseha le ho feta hore mekotla ea bona e tla fumaneha habonolo ha ba fihla, ho boletse Monika Mejstrikova, Mookameli oa Ground Operations ho IATA.

Ka 2022, sekhahla sa lefats'e sa mekotla e sa tšoaroang hantle e ne e le 7.6 ho bapalami ba 1,000, ho latela SITA. Boholo ba mekotla eo bo ile ba khutlisoa nakong ea lihora tse 48.

Ho Potlakisa Melaetsa ea Meroalo ea Sejoale-joale

IATA Resolution 753 e laela hore lik'hamphani tsa lifofane li lokela ho arolelana melaetsa ea ho lata thoto le balekane ba bona ba marang-rang le baemeli, empa mokhoa o teng oa melaetsa o itšetlehile ka mahlale a khale a theko e boima ho a hlokomela. Theko ena ea bohlokoa e sitisa ho kengoa tšebetsong hantle ha Qeto ea 753 'me e mpefatsa mathata a ho nepahala ha molaetsa, e leng se qetellang se lebisa keketsehong ea liketsahalo tsa meroalo e sa sebetsoeng hantle.

IATA e eteletse pele phetoho ea indasteri ho tloha ho Mofuta oa B ho ea ho melaetsa ea mehleng ea kajeno ea thoto e sebelisang maemo a XML. Sefofane sa ho qala, se reretsoeng ho leka melaetsa ea sejoale-joale ea thoto lipakeng tsa boema-fofane le lifofane, se reretsoe ho qala ka 2024.

“Ho amohela melaetsa ea sejoale-joale ho tšoana le ho kenya tšebetsong puo e ncha e tloaelehileng, e utloisisoang e sebelisoang ke lik'hamphani tsa lifofane, boema-fofane le basebetsi ba sebetsang fatše e le hore ba tsebe ho buisana ka thōtō ea baeti. Ntle le ho thusa ho fokotsa palo ea ts'ebetsong ea mekotla e sa sebetseng hantle e boetse e beha sethala sa lits'ebetso tse tsoelang pele lits'ebetsong tsa tsamaiso ea mekotla, "ho boletse Mejstrikova.

Background

Qeto ea 753 ea IATA e amohetsoe ka Phuptjane 2018. Ka 2024, IATA e ile ea thakhola letšolo la ho thusa lik'hamphani tsa lifofane ho kenya tšebetsong. Letšolo lena le tsepamisitse maikutlo ho bokelleng lintlha mabapi le boemo ba ts'ebetsong ea lifofane le ho fana ka tšehetso ho litho tsa lifofane ho nts'etsapele le ho phethahatsa merero ea bona ea ts'ebetsong. Boikitlaetso bona bo totobatsa boitlamo ba IATA ba ho ntlafatsa boleng ba ts'ebetso le maemo ho pholletsa le indasteri.

*Sehlopha sa boholo ba boemafofane: 

o Bohareng: limilione tse 5-15 
o E kholo: limilione tse 15–25
o E kholo: limilione tse 25-40
o Mega:> limilione tse 40 

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Mokha oa Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz esale a sebetsa indastering ea maeto le ea bohahlauli ho tloha ha a le lilemong tsa bocha Jeremane (1977).
O thehile eTurboNews ka 1999 e le leselinyana la pele le fumanehang marang-rang bakeng sa indasteri ea bohahlauli ea maeto a lefats'e.

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