Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Lifofane tsa lefats'e li maqakabetsing

Lifofane tsa lefats'e li maqakabetsing
Lifofane tsa lefats'e li maqakabetsing

Lifofane tsa lefats'e li sentsoe 'me sephethephethe sa moea se lula se thehiloe haholo ha linaha li tiisa ho koala le ho thibela maeto, ka matšoao a fokolang a hore bofelo bo atametse. Bakeng sa kholo ka ho fetisisa ea bajari joaloka IAG, United, American Airlines, Emirates, Lufthansa le tse ling tse ngata (bona kakaretso e ka tlase) kaofela ba qobelletsoe ho batla thuso ho mebuso ea bona.

Indasteri ea bohlokoa ea maeto le bohahlauli - eo hangata e leng eona e khannelang ntlafatso ea moruo oa naha kamora mathata a fetileng, e labalabela ho bona maeto a lifofane a machabeng a qala hape ASAP. Khoebo ea bohahlauli e hlahisang liperesente tsa 10.3 tsa GNP ea lefats'e e ts'oenyehile ho qala maeto bocha.

Indasteri ea lifofane ea post-corona e tla shebahala e fapane haholo. Bao ba pholohang ba tla be ba fetohile likhoebo tse nyane tse nang le mekotla e menyenyane le e imetsoeng ke mekoloto mme mohlomong ba lefelletsoe ke mebuso. Bahlahlobisisi ba bang ba lifofane ba bolela esale pele hore COVID-19 e tla tlohela indasteri e senyehile mme qetellong ea Mots'eanong 2020 lifofane tse ngata lefatšeng li tla be li putlame. Bahlahlobisisi ba CAPA le bona ba tlalehile e tšoanang, boholo ba lifofane tsa lefats'e tsa lefats'e li kanna tsa putlama mafelong a Mots'eanong haeba maemo a sa fetohe kapele.

Tharollo e ka bang teng eo ba e sisinyang e tla ba ho hlakola melao ea naha ea ho ba beng le ho lumella indasteri ho kopana le lihlahisoa tsa lefats'e.

Merusu ea kamora 'corona e fana ka monyetla o sa tloaelehang oa ho nchafatsa meaho ea indasteri ea lifofane ea lefats'e.

Ho tsoa maqakabetsing ho tla tšoana le ho kena lebaleng la ntoa le tletseng mahlatsipa. Tšimo e buletsoe baetsi ba molao le limmaraka tsa lichelete ho iketsetsa litlhoko ho indasteri e seng e ntse e na le lethathamo le lelelele - lethathamo la litakatso tsa mekhoa eo ba lokelang ho tšoara bareki hantle, ho fokotsa kh'abone ea bona le ho latela mekhoa e metle ea khoebo.

Ha tšusumetso ea vaerase ea corona e ntse e putlama lefats'eng la rona, lifofane tse ngata tsa lifofane li se li qhekelletsoe ho oa ke botekgeniki. Re bona pokello ea chelete e theoha kapele joalo ka ha lifofane li thehiloe. Kamohelo ea peeletso esale pele ho feta ho hlakoloa 'me nako le nako ha ho ba le khothaletso e ncha ea mmuso ke ho nyahamisa ho fofa le ho eta.

Ponelopele ea morao-rao ea Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Lipalangoang sa Moea (IATA) ke hore lifofane tsa lifofane tsa Europe li tla bona tlhokeho e theoha ka liperesente tsa 55 ho 2020 ha e bapisoa le 2019 mme tahlehelo e ka bang teng ea lekhetho e tla ba $ 89 billion. Mokhatlo o ntlafalitse tahlehelo ea ona ea tahlehelo ea $ 76 billion e entsoeng ka Hlakubele ha litlamorao tsa seoa sa lefats'e sa vaerase ea corona indastering ea lifofane li ntse li tsoela pele ho fihla maemong a neng a e-so ho ka a bonoa.

Ho bile le phokotso ea liperesente tsa 90 ea tlhoko ea lebatooa libekeng tse 'maloa tse fetileng mme IATA e supile ho hlahisoa ha lithibelo tsa maeto ho potoloha le lefatše ho fokotsa motsamao feela ho maeto a bohlokoa le ho khutlisetsa baahi linaheng tsa habo bona e le "tšusumetso e kholo ho feta kamoo ho neng ho lebelletsoe pele . ”

Lifofane tse ngata tsa lifofane tsa Europe li emisitse ts'ebetso ea bapalami le bajari ba babeli ba kholo ka ho fetisisa tikolohong eo, EasyJet le Ryanair, ba sa lebella hore lifofane li tla sebetsa ho fihlela ka Phuptjane.

Lifofane li tla tšepa hore maeto a khoebo a tla khutla kapele, baeti ba khoebo ba kanna ba lefa makhetlo a mane ho isa ho a mahlano litefiso tse tloaelehileng ka sefofaneng se tloaelehileng - ho li khutlisetsa kapele lifofaneng ho bohlokoa haholo.

Le ha moruo o ka qala ho hlaphoheloa kotareng ea boraro ea selemo sena, joalo ka ha litsebi tse ngata tsa moruo li bolela esale pele, ts'abo ea vaerase ea corona e ka lebisa ho hlaphoheloeng butle ha maeto a ntse a loanela ho khutlisa maemo a ona a pele ho koluoa.

Ho ka nka likhoeli hore sefofane se boele se phele. Hape haeba maqhubu a bobeli a lefu lena a ea lefats'eng ka bophara mme ho ka etsahala hore libaka tse chesang li ka phahama, sena se ka fokotsa boits'epo ba bapalami ba ho eta. Le ha tlhokomelo ea bohlokoa e ntse e etsahala letsatsi le letsatsi ka lifofane tse pakiloeng, kaofela li tla hloka ho khutlisetsoa maemong a ho fofa pele li khutlisetsoa ts'ebetsong.

Tlhokahalo e ntse e oma ka litsela tse e-s'o ka li e-ba teng. Tloaelo e ncha ha e so fihle boema-fofane.

 

LIEMA LE MAEA KA KHOTSOFATSO

Government️ Mmuso oa Amerika o lumellane ka tefo ea $ 61bn bakeng sa indasteri ea lifofane ea Amerika kaha lefu la seoa la corona le tlisa maeto ho emisa. Lithuso ho lifofane tse kholo tsa lifofane tse kenyeletsang Amerika, Delta, Boroa-bophirima, JetBlue le United mohlomong li tla tla le likhoele tse hoketsoeng.

Ka la 14 Mmesa 2020 Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Lipalangoang tsa Moea (IATA) o phatlalalitse tlhahlobo e ntlafalitsoeng e bonts'a hore koluoa ​​ea COVID-19 e tla bona lekhetho la bapalami ba lifofane le theoha ka $ 314 billion ka 2020, ho theoha ha 55% ho bapisoa le 2019.

Pejana, ka la 24 Hlakubele IATA e ne e hakantse hore $ 252 billion e le lekhetho le lahlehileng (-44% vs. 2019) maemong a nang le lithibelo tse matla tsa maeto tse nkang likhoeli tse tharo. Lipalo tse ntlafalitsoeng li bonts'a ho teba ha koluoa ​​ho tloha ka nako eo, mme li bonts'a:

1- Lithibelo tse matla tsa malapeng li nka likhoeli tse tharo

2- Lithibelo tse ling maetong a machabeng li feta likhoeli tse tharo tsa pele

3- Tšusumetso e matla lefats'eng ka bophara, ho kenyeletsoa Afrika le Latin America (e neng e na le bonyenyane ba lefu lena mme e ne e lebelletsoe hore e ke ke ea ameha haholo tlhahlobisong ea Hlakubele).

Tlhokahalo ea baeti ba selemo se felletseng (ea lapeng le ea machabeng) e lebelletsoe ho ba tlase ho 48% ha e bapisoa le 2019.

Moroetsana Australia o ile a kena tsamaisong ea boithatelo ka la 21 Mmesa ka lebaka la mekoloto e holofatsang e ekelitsoeng ke litlamorao tsa vaerase ea corona. Bonyane mesebetsi e 10,000 e ka ba kotsing haeba sefofane se ka phutha. Moroetsana o na le mokoloto o ka bang $ 5 billion (AUS $ 3.2 billion) mme o ne a batlile thuso ea federale hore e tsoele pele e sebetsa empa mmuso oa Morrison o hanne ho namoleloa ka $ 1.4 billion.

International️ Thai International (THAI) ka mokhoa o ts'oanang le Virgin Australia e batla mokoloto oa ntlafatso oa US $ 1.8 billion ho tsoa mmuso. Mokoloto ha o ratehe joalo ka ha ba bangata ba lumela hore maemong ao o leng ho ona o tla fela. Tšepo ea batsamaisi le batsamaisi ba eona e fihletse maemo a tlase le Tonakholo ea Thailand Prayut Chan-ocha le sechaba. THAI e tlameha ho tlisa moralo oa tlhabollo qetellong ea khoeli haeba e batla hore mmuso o nahane ka sephutheloana sa pholoso. Letona la Lipalang Saksayam Chidchob o behile letsatsi la ho qetela hara maikutlo ana a ntseng a eketseha a sechaba khahlano le kalimo e tšehelitsoeng ke mmuso.

AG️ IAG (khamphani ea motsoali ea Brithani ea Lifofane) sehlopha se phatlalalitseng ka Hlakubele se fallela ho sireletsa capital le ho fokotsa litšenyehelo.

"Re bone ho theoha ho hoholo ha lipehelo ho lifofane tsa rona le marang-rang a lefats'e libekeng tse 'maloa tse fetileng mme re lebelletse hore tlhoko ea ho lula e fokola ho fihlela lehlabula," ho boletse CEO Walsh. “Ka hona, re fokotsa haholo mananeong a rona a ho fofa. Re tla tswela pele ho lekola maemo a tlhokeho mme re na le maemo a ho phahama ha ho hlokahala. Re ntse re nka mehato ea ho fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa ts'ebetso le ho ntlafatsa phallo ea chelete ho lifofane tsohle tsa rona. IAG e khona ho sebetsana le likhakanyo tse matla tsa chelete le mokoloto o moholo oa chelete. ”

Bokhoni ba Mmesa le Mots'eanong bo tla fokotsoa bonyane 75% ha ho bapisoa le nako e ts'oanang ea 2019. Sehlopha se tla theola lifofane tse setseng, se fokotse le ho chechisa tšebeliso ea chelete, ho fokotsa tšebeliso ea IT e seng ea bohlokoa le e sa amaneng le cyber, le tšebeliso ea lichelete. . Khamphani e boetse e rerile ho fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa basebetsi ka ho emisa ho hira, ho kenya tšebetsong likhetho tsa boithaopo, ho emisa nakoana likonteraka tsa khiro, le ho fokotsa lihora tsa ho sebetsa.

Maur️ Air Mauritius e kena Tsamaisong ea Boithaopo.

Bank️ South African Airways Bankrupt. Ka la 5 Tšitoe 2019, Mmuso oa Afrika Boroa o phatlalalitse hore SAA e tla kenella ts'ireletsong ea chelete, kaha sefofane ha se so ka se etsa phaello ho tloha ka 2011 mme se felletsoe ke chelete.

Finnair e khutlisa lifofane tse 12 ebe e beha batho ba 2,400.

YOU️ O mabaka a lifofane tse 22 le mollo batho ba 4,100.

Ryanair mabaka a lifofane tse 113 mme o tlosa bafofisi ba lifofane ba 900 ka motsotsoana, ba bang ba 450 likhoeling tse tlang.

Nor️ Norway e emisa ka botlalo ts'ebetso ea eona ea ho hula nako e telele !!! Li-787 li khutlisetsoa ho bahiri.

S️ SAS e khutlisa lifofane tse 14 le mello bafofisi ba lifofane ba 520… Linaha tsa Scandinavia li ntse li ithuta leano la ho felisa Norway le SAS ho aha bocha k'hamphani e ncha molora oa bona.

Lebaka la IAG (British Airways) la lifofane tse 34. Motho e mong le e mong ea fetang lilemo tse 58 ho tlohela mosebetsi.

Ethi️ Ethiad e hlakola liodara tse 18 bakeng sa A350, mabala 10 A380 le 10 Boeing 787. E beha basebetsi ba 720.

Grounds️ Emirates mabaka a 38 A380 mme e hlakola liodara tsohle tsa Boeing 777x (lifofane tse 150, taelo e kholo ea mofuta ona). Ba "mema" basebetsi bohle ba kaholimo ho lilemo tse 56 hore ba tlohele mosebetsi

Za️ Wizzair e khutlisa li-A32 tse 320 mme e beha batho ba 1,200, ho kenyeletsoa le bafofisi ba lifofane ba 200, leqhubu le leng la ho felloa ke mosebetsi ha 430 le reriloeng likhoeling tse tlang. Basebetsi ba setseng ba tla bona meputso ea bona e fokotsoa ka 30%.

Grounds️ IAG (Iberia) mabaka a lifofane tse 56.

Luxair e fokotsa likepe tsa eona ka 50% (le liphoso tse amanang le tsona)

SA️ CSA e felisa karolo ea eona ea ho hula nako e telele mme e boloka lifofane tse 5 feela tse mahareng.

Ow️ Eurowings e kena ho Bankruptcy

Air️Brussels Airline e fokotsa likepe tsa eona ka 50% (le liphoso tse amanang le tsona).

Uf️ Lufthansa, mmuso oa koporasi oa Jeremane o lumellane ka sephutheloana sa pholoso sa $ 9 billion ($ 9.74 billion) mme o rerile ho theola lifofane tse 72.

Executive️ Mookameli ea ka Sehloohong oa Air France KLM Ben Smith o boletse hore litheolelo tsa boithaopo e tla ba karolo ea merero ea pele ea ho fokotsa litšenyehelo ea sefofane, mme litheko letsohong la sona la 'HOP' li ne li sa sebetse ha lintho li ntse li eme joalo. Puisanong le eena lihora tse 'maloa feela kamora hore Air France KLM e fumane li-euro tse limilione tse likete tse 7 ($ 7.6 billion) ho thuso ea mmuso oa Fora, o boetse a re ho ka nka lilemo tse peli, kapa mohlomong "le ho feta" pele lintho li khutlela setloaeling sa lifofane le indasteri ea lifofane.

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Andrew J. Wood - eTN Thailand

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