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Li-passport tse matla ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng li na le bolokolohi bo fokolang ba ho tsamaea

Li-passport tse matla ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng li na le bolokolohi bo fokolang ba ho tsamaea
Li-passport tse matla ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng li na le bolokolohi bo fokolang ba ho tsamaea
ngotsoeng ke Harry Johnson

Boholo ba batho ba nang le li-passport ba nang le matla hajoale ke bona ba thibetsoeng ka ho fetesisa ebile ba le leqe ho natefeloa ke tokoloho ea bona ea maeto

Batho ba nang le li-passport ba nang le phihlello e kholo ea lefats'e hajoale ke bona ba thibetsoeng ka ho fetesisa ebile ba leqe ho natefeloa ke tokoloho ea bona ea maeto, ho latela liphetho tsa morao-rao tse tsoang ho Henley Passport Index, e ipapisitseng le lintlha tse ikhethileng le tsa semmuso tse tsoang ho Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Lipalangoang tsa Moea (IATA).

Japane e tšoere sebaka sa pele lethathamong - boemo ba pele ba liphasepoto tsohle tsa lefats'e ho latela palo ea libaka tseo beng ba bona ba ka li fihlelang ntle le visa ea pele - ka lintlha tse phahameng tsa visa-mahala kapa visa-on-arrival ea 193. , ha Singapore le Korea Boroa li kena ka kopanelo-2nd sebaka, ka lintlha tse 192.

Empa leha ho na le phihlello e sa bapisoang le e e-so ka e bonoa lefatšeng ka bophara e fuoeng baahi ba lichaba tsena tse tharo nalaneng ea lilemo tse 17, tlhoko ea bapalami ba machabeng sebakeng sa Asia-Pacific e fihlile feela 17% ea maemo a pele ho Covid, ho latela lipalo-palo tsa morao-rao tsa IATA, e theohile ka tlase ho 10% boholo ba lilemo tse peli tse fetileng. Palo ena e saletse morao haholo mokhoa oa lefats'e moo limmaraka tsa Europe le Amerika Leboea li tsosolositsoeng hoo e ka bang 60% ea maemo a maeto a pele ho koluoa.

Ha a bua ho Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Dr Marie Owens Thomsen, Chief Economist ho IATA, o re palo ea bapalami e lokela ho fihla ho 83% ea maemo a pele ho koluoa ​​​​ka 2022. maemo a seoa, ha re ntse re lebelletse hore sena se tla ba joalo bakeng sa indasteri ka kakaretso ka 2024. ”

European Union (EU) linaha tseo e leng litho li laola libaka tse ling tse leshome tse holimo maemong a morao-rao, 'me Jeremane le Spain li kopane-3rd sebaka, se nang le phihlello ea libaka tse 190 ntle le li-visa. Finland, Italy le Luxembourg li latela haufi-ufi ka kopanelo-4th sebaka se nang le libaka tse 189, ’me Denmark, Netherlands le Sweden li arolelana tse 5th sebaka le ba nang le li-passport ba khona ho etela libaka tse 188 lefatšeng ka bophara ntle le visa. Ka bobeli UK le US li theohile boemong ba 6th 'me 7th sebaka, ka ho latellana, 'me Afghanistan e ntse e le ka tlaase ho index, le baahi ba eona ba khonang ho fumana libaka tse 27 lefatšeng ka bophara ntle le li-visa.

Kopano ea maeto a lefats'e ka bophara Mmaraka oa maeto oa Lefatše London o khutlile! Mme o memilwe. Ona ke monyetla oa hau oa ho hokahana le basebetsi-'moho le uena indastering, marang-rang a lithaka, ho ithuta lintlha tsa bohlokoa le ho fihlela katleho ea khoebo ka matsatsi a 3 feela! Ngolisa ho boloka sebaka sa hau kajeno! e tla etsahala ho tloha ka la 7-9 Pulungoana 2022. Ngodisa hona joale!

Moferefere oa maeto a lehlabula

Ha merusu ea maeto a Amerika e qala ho kokobela ka mor'a literaeke tsa beke ea matsatsi a phomolo a La bone la Phupu mme khaello ea basebetsi e qobella lifofane ho pholletsa le Europe ho hlakola likete tsa lifofane, e leng ho bakang mela e nkang lihora tse ngata boema-fofane bo boholo. Boema-fofane ba Heathrow bo bile bo bolelletse lifofane hore li emise ho rekisa litekete tsa lehlabula ha boema-fofane bo boholo ba UK bo ntse bo sokola ho sebetsana le ho khutla ha maeto a sefofane.

Dr Christian H. Kaelin, Molula-setulo oa Henley & Partners le moqapi oa index index ea li-passport, o re ho eketseha ha morao tjena ha tlhokahalo ha ho makatse. "Liphetho tsa morao-rao tse tsoang ho Henley Passport Index ke khopotso e khothatsang ea takatso ea batho ea ho hokahana le lefats'e le ha linaha tse ling li ntse li tsoela pele ho itšehla thajana le ho itšehla thajana. Tšabo ea seoa sena e ne e fapane le ntho leha e le efe e kileng ea bonoa bophelong ba rona, 'me ho hlaphoheloa le ho khutlisa tokoloho ea rona ea maeto, le tlhaho ea rona ea tlhaho ea ho falla le ho falla ho tla nka nako. ”

Patlisiso e ikhethileng e senola hore li-passport tsa maemo a holimo li se li khutletse maemong a pele ho seoa mabapi le phihlello. Ka ho bapisa boemo ba hajoale ba tokoloho ea maeto le lithibelo tse matla ka ho fetesisa tse amanang le Covid tse behiloeng lilemong tse 'maloa tse fetileng, liphetho li bonts'a hore beng ba li-passport tsa UK le US joale ba na le phihlello e sa lekanyetsoang ea libaka tse 158 ho pota lefatše (ho fapana le tse 74 le 56 feela. libaka, ka ho latellana, sehlohlolong sa seoa sa 2020), ha beng ba li-passport tsa Majapane ba natefeloa ke phihlello e sa lekanyetsoang ea libaka tse 161 (ho fapana le tse 76 feela ka 2020).

Ka mor'a likhoeli tse neng li hlalosoa e le "khethollo ea maeto", moo maeto a tsoang linaheng tse tsoelang pele tsa Global South a neng a thibetsoe ha baahi ba linaha tse ruileng tsa Global North ba ntse ba fumana melemo ea tokoloho ea maeto, liphasepoto tsa maemo a tlaase le tsona li qala ho hlaphoheloa. . Batho ba nang le li-passport tsa India joale ba na le tokoloho ea ho eta e batlang e tšoana le eo ba bileng le eona pele ho lefu la seoa, ka phihlello e sa lekanyetsoang ea libaka tse 57 ho pota lefatše (ho fapana le libaka tse 23 feela ka 2020). Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, leha e lekanyelitsoe libakeng tse 46 feela bophahamong ba leqhubu la Omicron ka 2021, beng ba li-passport ba Afrika Boroa joale ba na le phihlello e sa lekanyetsoang ea libaka tse 95 ho pota lefatše, tse haufi le palo ea bona ea li-passport tsa pele ho koluoa ​​​​ea 105.

Chris Dix oa VFS Global, mofani oa phepelo ea li-visa, o re palo ea likopo tsa visa lipakeng tsa Pherekhong le Mots'eanong selemong sena e holile ka ho feta 100% ha e bapisoa le nako e tšoanang selemong se fetileng. "Ka ho buloa ha meeli ea machabeng, ho bebofatsoa ha lithibelo tsa maeto, le ho qalella ha lifofane tsa machabeng, indasteri hajoale e ntse e paka 'maeto a boiphetetso'. Mohlala, India, likopo tsa li-visa li etsa kakaretso ea ho feta 20,000 ka letsatsi ha re kena matsatsing a phomolo a Phupu-Phato. Linomoro tsena li kenyelletsa baeti ba etelang Canada, Europe le UK, hammoho le libaka tse ling tse tsebahalang. Re boetse re lebelletse nako e telele ea maeto a lehlabula selemong sena ka maeto a reriloeng a machabeng ho fihlela Loetse. ”

Russia e ntse e ikarola ka ho eketsehileng

Batho ba nang le li-passport tsa Russia ba khaotsoe ho feta lefats'e ka bophara ho feta leha e le neng pele, kaha likotlo, lithibelo tsa maeto le ho koaloa ha lifofane ho thibela baahi ba Russia ho fihlella libaka tsohle ntle le tse 'maloa tsa Asia le Middle East. Pasepoto ea Russia hajoale e lutse ho 50th beha ho index, ka li-visa-mahala kapa visa-mahala palo ea ho fihla ha 119. Leha ho le joalo, ka lebaka la ho koaloa ha lifofane linaheng tsa litho tsa EU, Australia, Canada, Japane, New Zealand, Korea Boroa, US, le UK, Baahi ba Russia ba thibetsoe ka mokhoa o hlakileng ho tsamaea ho pholletsa le linaha tse ngata tse tsoetseng pele, ntle le mekhelo e tsebahalang ea Istanbul le Dubai, tseo e seng e le libaka tsa bohlokoa.

Pasepoto ea Ukraine hajoale e maemong a 35th sebakeng sa index, 'me beng ba tsona ba khona ho fihlella libaka tse 144 ho pota lefatše ntle le ho hloka visa esale pele. Ho fapana le lithibelo tse thata tse behiloeng ho beng ba li-passport tsa Russia, batho ba Ukraine ba fallisitsoeng ke tlhaselo eo ba filoe tokelo ea ho phela le ho sebetsa EU ho fihlela lilemo tse tharo tlasa leano la tšohanyetso ho arabela se fetohileng koluoa ​​​​e kholo ka ho fetisisa ea baphaphathehi Europe lekholong lena la lilemo. . Kamora phatlalatso ea morao-rao ea EU, e fanang ka boemo ba mokhethoa oa Ukraine, mohato oa pele o lebisang ho litho tsa EU, tokoloho ea maeto bakeng sa beng ba li-passport tsa Ukraine e kanna ea eketseha lilemong tse tlang.  

Ha a bua ka Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Prof. Dr. Khalid Koser OBE, Setho sa Boto e Busang ea Andan Foundation, o re bonyane batho ba limilione tse hlano ba Ukraine ba tlohile naheng ea bona, 'me ba bang ba limilione tse supileng kapa ho feta ba lelekoa ka hare ho naha.

"Lefatšeng lohle - eseng feela Europe - lipalo tsena ke tsa bohlokoa haholo, tse etsang hore batho ba Ukraine e be e 'ngoe ea baahi ba bangata ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng, hammoho le Masyria, MaVenezuela le Maafghan."

Linaha tse nang le khotso li na le li-passport tse matla ho feta

Patlisiso e ikhethileng e entsoeng ke Henley & Partners e bapisa phihlello ea naha ntle le li-visa le lintlha tsa eona tsa Global Peace Index li bonts'a kamano e matla lipakeng tsa matla a liphasepoto tsa naha le khotso ea eona. Naha eohle e lutseng ho tse leshome tse kaholimo ho Henley Passport Index e ka fumanoa hape ho tse leshome tse holimo tsa Global Peace Index. Ka mokhoa o ts'oanang, bakeng sa linaha tse maemong a tlase.

Ha a bua ka sephetho sa Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3, Stephen Klimczuk-Massion, Mosebetsi-'moho le Sekolo sa Khoebo sa Saïd sa Univesithi ea Oxford ebile e le Setho sa Komiti ea Boeletsi ea Andan Foundation, o re "ke ho nyenyefatsa ho bolela hore re phela ka mokhoa o ikhethileng. nako e mahlonoko lefatšeng ka bophara, ha seoa sena se ntse se hlahisa moriti o molelele le nts'etsopele e ncha joalo ka ntoa, inflation, ho hloka botsitso lipolotiking le liketsahalo tsa pefo li ntse li laola lihlooho tsa litaba. Tabeng ena, phasepoto ke karete ea ho letsetsa ho feta leha e le neng pele, eo, ho itšetlehile ka hore na u na le pasepoto efe le hore na u ea hokae, e tla ba le tšusumetso ho mofuta oa kamohelo eo u tla e fumana, moo u ka eang teng le hore na u sireletsehile hakae. eba ha o fihla teng. Hona joale ho feta leha e le neng pele, ke phoso ho nahana hore passport e mpa e le tokomane ea ho tsamaea e u lumellang ho tloha ho A ho ea ho B. Matla kapa bofokoli ba pasepoto e itseng ea naha bo ama bophelo ba motho ea tšoereng li- passport ka kotloloho. esita le ho ba taba ea bophelo le lefu maemong a mang.”

Prof. Dr. Yossi Harpaz, Motlatsi oa Moprofesa oa Sociology Univesithing ea Tel-Aviv, o hlokomela hore har'a bajaki ba hakanyetsoang ba 300,000 ba tlohileng Russia ho tloha bofelong ba February ke baahi ba bangata ba naha ba rutehileng le ba nang le lirethe tse ntle. “Barui ba phahameng ba beha maemo a holimo haholo demokrasing le taolong ea molao. Lilemo tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng li bontšitse hore linaha tseo e seng tsa demokrasi tse se nang molao o matla oa molao li ka ’na tsa atleha ho hōlisa khōlo le ho phahamisetsa ba bang ba baahi ba tsona leruong le leholo. Empa batho ba maemo a phahameng ba nang le chelete ba phelang tlas'a mebuso ea bolaoli ba lula ba letetse maano a inshorense le likhetho tsa ho tsoa tse tla thusa ho sireletsa thepa ea bona le polokeho ea bona. Bafalli ba Russia, boholo ba bona, ha ba phonyohe tšokelo e tobileng ea 'mele. Ho e-na le hoo, ho bonahala eka baahi ba ruileng ba Russia baa tloha e le hore ba qobe ho tšoasoa ke naha e ntseng e sa lokoloha, e ikarotseng le e sa atleheng.”

UAE ke eona e hapileng seoa

Ho pholletsa le moferefere oa lilemo tse peli tse fetileng, ntho e le 'ngoe e lutse e sa fetohe: matla a ntseng a eketseha a pasepoto ea UAE, eo hona joale e leng 15.th beha boemong, ka visa-free kapa visa-on-arrival score of 176. Lilemong tse leshome tse fetileng, naha e entse phaello e ke keng ea lekanngoa e le mohloekisi e moholo ka ho fetisisa oa index - ka 2012, e lutse ho 64.th beha maemong, ka lintlha tse 106 feela. Joalo ka ha Dashboard ea morao-rao ea Henley Private Wealth Migration e bontša, UAE le eona e fetohile sebaka sa thahasello e kholo har'a batseteli ba ruileng 'me ho lebelletsoe ho bona kholo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea li-HNWI lefatšeng ka bophara ka 2022, ka keketseho ea ponelopele ea 4,000 - keketseho e makatsang ea 208% khahlano le kakaretso ea 2019 ea 1,300 le e 'ngoe ea tse kholo ka ho fetisisa tse tlalehiloeng.

Dr. Robert Mogielnicki, Setsebi se Seholo sa Moahi Setsing sa Arab Gulf States ebile e le Setho sa Komiti ea Boeletsi ea Henley & Partners, o re linaha tseo e leng litho tsa Lekhotla la Tšebelisano la Gulf (GCC) li ntse li tsoela pele ho qala merero le maano a ho hohela marang-rang a phahameng- batho ba bohlokoa le litsebi tse hloahloa tse tsoang kantle ho naha. "Maiteko ana a phalliso ea matsete le maano a macha a 'maraka oa basebetsi a bonts'a karolo ea leano le pharaletseng la ho beha linaha tsa GCC joalo ka litsi tsa lichelete le talenta ea lefats'e. Litlhoko tsa visa bakeng sa baahi ba GCC ba etelang libaka tse kholo tsa maeto le tsa khoebo le tsona li ntse li ntlafatsoa. UK e phatlalalitse hore baahi ba naha ea GCC e tla ba bona ba pele ba ho rua molemo morerong o mocha oa tumello ea maeto oa elektroniki oa UK ho qala ka 2023, ho netefatsa hore baeti bana ba ka natefeloa ke maeto a mahala ho pholletsa le UK. Ka bobeli UAE le Oman li saenetse litšebelisano tse ikemetseng tsa matsete le UK. "

Melemo ea li-portfolio tsa li-passport

Litsebi tse fanang ka maikutlo ho Tlaleho ea morao-rao ea Henley Global Mobility Report 2022 Q3 e hlokomela hore liphetoho tse ling tse pharalletseng tsa maano a nako e telele a li-visa tsa EU li larile ka pele, ka kenyelletso eo e leng khale e letetsoe ea ETIAS ka Mots'eanong selemong se tlang. Moqolotsi oa litaba oa machaba oa maeto a khoebo, Alix Sharkey, o bontša hore ETIAS ha se visa, empa ke "mokhoa oa ho hlahloba pele ho leeto la inthaneteng oo e tla ba tlamo bakeng sa bao liphasepoto tsa bona hajoale li ba tiisetsang maeto a mahala a li-visa sebakeng sa Schengen sa Europe. Bakopi ba tla koptjoa ho fana ka lintlha tsa botho, boemo ba bongaka, tlhahisoleseling mabapi le maeto a ho ea libakeng tse itseng tsa likhohlano, le ho lefa tefiso ea lebitso. ” Joalo ka mokhoa oa Electronic System for Travel Authorization waiver ho kena kapa ho fetisa US joalo ka moeti, "ha feela tlhahisoleseling e nepahetse 'me ho se na lifolakha tse khubelu tse tsoang litsing tsa botlokotsebe kapa litemoso tse ling tsa ts'ireletso, mokopi o tla amoheloa ka bohona."

Linako tsa morao-rao tse kang seoa le ntoa ea Europe li tlisitse bolulo le ho ba moahi ka setsi sa lits'ebeletso tsa matsete e le batho ba ruileng, batseteli ba nang le likelello tsa lefats'e, le bo-rakhoebo ba batla litharollo tsa phapano ea malapa ho boloka leruo la malapa a bona, matlotlo le ts'ireletso ea bona nakong ea moferefere. . Ngaka Juerg Steffen, CEO oa Henley & Partners, o re "nakong eohle ea moferefere oa seoa sena, melemo ea phasepoto ea bobeli kapa ea boraro e ile ea iponahatsa ho batseteli ba batlang ts'ireletso le khotso ea kelello. Mebuso e boetse e ananetse makhabane ao ho falla ha matsete ho fa baahi ba linaha tseo ba li amohelang haeba lichelete tsa matsete a tsoang kantle ho naha li abetsoe ka ho lekaneng matsapa a hlokahalang haholo a ntlafatso ea sechaba le moruo. Re bone keketseho ea 55% ea lipotso ha e bapisoa le kotara e fetileng, eo ka boeona e ileng ea senya tlaleho. Linaha tse 'nè tse ka sehloohong tse ntseng li le teng hona joale ke Marussia, Maindia, Maamerika le Mabrithani, 'me ke lekhetlo la pele, Maukraine a le maemong a 10 a holimo lefatšeng ka bophara.

Mabapi le mongoli

Harry Johnson

Harry Johnson e bile mohlophisi oa kabelo bakeng sa eTurboNews ka lilemo tse fetang 20. O lula Honolulu, Hawaii, ’me o tsoa Europe. O thabela ho ngola le ho akaretsa litaba.

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