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Caribbean eang teng News Tourism Liphiri tsa Maeto Litaba tsa terata ea maeto Litaba tse fapaneng

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng
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Haeba u hana lijo tseo, u sa natse meetlo, u tšaba bolumeli, u bile u qoba batho, ho ka ba molemo hore u lule hae. ” - James Michener

Ntho ea sebele ke Harsh

Bonyane ho na le mahlakore a mabeli ho Bohahlauli ba Caribbean indasteri: baeti ba lehlakoreng ba na le boiphihlelo ha ba tloha boema-fofane ka liveni tse nang le moea o pholileng le li-limos ho ea lihoteleng tsa bona, le lehlakore la batho ba lehae - libaka tseo basebetsi ba bohahlauli ba lulang ho tsona, ba kenang sekolo, ho etela metsoalle le ba lelapa le ho etsa meketjana le ho natefeloa nako ea ho bapala .

Le ha bahahlauli ba sebelisa chelete e fetang US $ 1300 ka bosiu bo bong (ntle le lekhetho le litefiso) Sandy Lane bakeng sa bolulo hoteleng e Barbados, batho ba fanang ka boiphihlelo ba mabothobotho ho ka etsahala hore ba se ke ba khona ho lefella le mantsiboea a le mang sebakeng seo. Moputso o tloaelehileng oa kakaretso ho mookameli oa hotele ke BBS 60,000 (US $ 30,000); mohlokomeli oa ntlo: BBD26,000 (US $ 13,000); moamoheli oa baeti: BBD 21,012 (US $ 10,506) (averagesalarysurvey.com, 2019). Bartender e Barbados e fumana chelete e pakeng tsa BBD 670 ka khoeli (US $ 331.90) ho ea ho BBD 2,070 ka khoeli (US $ 1,025.43) (2020).

Trinidad le Tobago, karolelano ea moputso o moholo oa batsamaisi ba maeto le bahahlauli - TTS 105,000 (US $ 16,078); mookameli oa hotele, TTS 406,200 (US $ 60,431); motataisi oa bahahlauli TTS 80,000 (US $ 11,941); mohlokomeli oa ntlo, TTD 30,000 (US $ 4,691). Ho Villas e Stone Haven e Trinidad / Tobago, ho robala bosiu bo le bong ntlong e le 'ngoe ea kamore e le' ngoe ho tla bitsa $ 766.00 ea US - ho kenyeletsoa lekhetho le litefiso (google.com/travel/hotels/Tobago).

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Linako tsa BC, Pele ho COVID-19

Pele COVID-19 e hapa lefatše, sebaka sa Caribbean se ne se e-na le keketseho ea bohahlauli. Batho ba fihlang moeeng sebakeng se pharaletseng sa Caribbean ba nyolohile ka liperesente tsa 12 kotareng ea pele ea 2019, e leng sekhahla se phahameng ka ho fetisisa sa tikoloho sebakeng seo khalendareng ka lilemo. Sena se kenyelletsa:

• Bahahlauli ba machabeng ba fihlang sebakeng sena likhoeling tse tharo tsa pele tsa 9.1, tse emelang keketseho ea baeti ba ka bang 2019 ho la Caribbean.

• Indasteri ea lebatooa ea tikoloho le eona e bone kholo, ka ho qhoma ha liperesente tsa 9.9 ho baeti ba tsamaeang ka sekepe le rekoto e felletseng ea ba fihlang limilione tse 10.7 nakong eo.

• United States e ntse e le mebaraka e meholohali ea bohahlauli tikolohong eo, e ikarabellang bakeng sa bahahlauli ba limilione tse 4.5 nakong eo, athe Canada e rometse baeti ba limilione tse 1.5 ho la Caribbean, e emelang keketseho ea liphesente tse 4.

Linaha tsa lihlekehleke tsa Caribbean li itšetleha haholo ka bohahlauli bakeng sa mosebetsi mme li fana ka liperesente tse fetang 90 tsa mesebetsi eohle Antigua le Barbuda. Ho 2019, motho a le mong ho ba bang le ba bang ba 10 ba Caribbean o sebelitse mesebetsing e amanang le maeto le bohahlauli, a kenya letsoho $ 8.9 trillion (liperesente tse ka bang 10.3) moruong oa lefatše.

Ka ho fihla ha COVID-19, indasteri e ntse e senya mesebetsi le lekeno, mme e mpe ka ho fetisisa e ntse e tla. Tahlehelo e kholo ea ba fihlang bohahlauli ka lebaka la seoa sena e kenyelletsa) Bahamas (-72.7 lekholong), Dominica (-69.1 lekholong), Aruba (-68.1 lekholong), St. Lucia (-68.5%) le Bermuda (-61.7 lekholong).

Optimist ea mahlo a mokoko kapa monahano oa boloi

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Le ha lefatše le bolelletsoe ho arola batho ba bang, eseng ho tsamaea, le ho se kopane le ba bang libakeng tsa libaka le lireschorente, boiteko ba ho bapatsa bakeng sa sebaka sa Caribbean bo ntse bo tsoela pele ho lebisa boiteko ba bona ba ho khothaletsa bahahlauli ho palama sefofane kapa sekepe ebe ba leba Caribbean. Boiteko ba likamano tsa sechaba le papatso li lula li tšepahala ho bonts'a naha ea litoro e sa faneng ka mekhoa e meng ea bohahlauli ba tikoloho le ho boloka mahlakore a lefifi a linaha tsa Lihlekehleke kelellong ea moeti.   

Libaka tse ngata tsa lihlekehleke li na le boema-fofane ba boemo bo holimo moo Pina Colada a amohelang ho fihla ka mong le e mong. Lipalangoang tse tsoang litsing tsa boemelo li potlakisa batho ba fihlang lihoteleng tsa bona le bakhanni ba koetliselitsoeng ho etsa "chat chat". Bakhanni ba bua, (ka linako tse ling ba sa phetse) ka sepheo sa ho boloka bapalami ba sitisoa ke bofuma bo potileng likou. Tlhahisoleseling e phelisang (le khafetsa e khahlisang) e tsoang ho bakhanni e ka kenyelletsa tlhaiso-leseling e ntlafalitsoeng ea maemo a leholimo, mocheso oa leoatle le nalane ea lehae. Maemong a mangata, bakhanni ba khothaletsa baeti ho bua ka litoropo tsa bona, bolelele ba nako bo ba nkileng ho fihla le seo ba rerileng ho se etsa nakong ea phomolo ea bona.

Nakong eo moqoqo o seng o fokotsehile ho bana le liphoofolo tse ruuoang lapeng, baeti ba lihoteleng tsa bona, ba kena libakeng tsa kamohelo, ba ngolisitsoe mme ba isoa likamoreng le likamoreng tsa bona ke basebetsi ba khahlehang ba bososelang le ho lumelisa ka mofuthu. Pakeng tsa lijo tsa hoseng le tsa mantsiboea, baeti ba natefeloa ke 'mino oa sehlekehlekeng, lino tsa lehae le likhetho tsa ho jella tsa machabeng tse, maemong a mangata, li li bolokang ka har'a mabota a hotele bakeng sa matsatsi a bona a phomolo.

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Se ka thoko ho lifate tsa palema se kantle ho lithahasello, litlhoko le litlhoko tsa moeti oa machabeng. Taba ea hore basebetsi ba lefuoa meputso e tlase, hore litekanyetso tse ntseng li eketseha tsa botlokotsebe li fokolitse boits'epo ba batseteli le ho fokotsa tlholisano ea machabeng ka ho hlahisa litšenyehelo tse phahameng haholo ka mokhoa oa ts'ireletso e eketsehileng kapa litšenyehelo tsa thekisetsano ha li na thahasello ho bahahlauli bana. Taba ea hore botlokotsebe bo baka ho fofa, hammoho le tahlehelo ea batho ba nang le boiphihlelo kapa thuto, ba khethang ho sebetsa libakeng tse sireletsehileng ho feta moo ha ho na taba ho baeti bana mme barekisi ba lihotele ba etsa sohle se matleng a bona ho netefatsa hore ha ho le ea mong oa 'nete e bohloko ea sebaka seo u kenang ho sona e kena boiphihlelo bo kang ba phomolo.

Sekhechana se seng sa Bophelo

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Baeti ba ikemiselitseng ho tsoa kantle ho sechaba se hahelletsoeng ke matsatsi a phomolo, le lipuisano le baahi ba lehae, ba kanna ba fumana hore botlokotsebe bo khelosa lisebelisoa tse fokolang hole le bophelo bo botle le thuto ho ea ts'ireletsehong. Lihlekehlekeng tse ngata lipatlisiso li fana ka maikutlo a hore hajoale baahi ba amehile haholo ka botlokotsebe ho feta litaba tse ling tse kang ho hloka mosebetsi, tlhokomelo ea bophelo bo botle le tlhekefetso ea malapa.

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Ka 2019, palo e phahameng ka ho fetisisa ea lipolao e ngolisitsoe Venezuela, ka lipolao tse fetang 60 tse entsoeng ho baahi ba 100,000 (statista.com). Jamaica (2018) e tlalehile palo ea lipolao tse 47 ho baahi ba 100,000 ka palo ea liperesente tsa 3.4 selemo se le seng hamorao (2019) (osac.gov) e phahameng ka makhetlo a mararo ho feta karolelano ea Latin America le Caribbean. Letlole la Lichelete la Machabeng (IMF) le supile botlokotsebe e le tšitiso ea pele ho kholo ea moruo mme mmuso oa Jamaica o fumane hore bobolu le botlokotsebe ba linaha tse ling bo li tsamaisang bo beha ts'okelo e kholo ts'ireletsehong ea naha (osac.gov/). Forbes Magazine e thathamisitse Jamaica e le sebaka sa boraro se kotsi haholo ho baeti ba basali (2017) mme Business Insider e behile sebaka sa 10 sebakeng se kotsi ka ho fetisisa lefatšeng (2018).

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Boeletsi ba Lefapha la Naha la Naha la Amerika le lekola Bahamas ho Level 2, ho bonts'a hore baeti ba lokela ho ba hlokolosi ka lebaka la botlokotsebe. Liketsahalo tse amang baahi ba Amerika li kenyelletsa peto, tlhekefetso ea thobalano le bosholu ba bosholu / bosholu le bosholu ba likhoka, botlokotsebe ba thepa, ho utsoa mekotla, bosholu le tlhekefetso ea thobalano e ntse e le litlolo tsa molao tse atileng haholo tse etsoang khahlano le bahahlauli (osac.gov).

Litsela tsa Leoatleng la Caribbean li bone keketseho ea boteng ba sesole sa metsing sa US bo shebaneng le ho loants'a thekiso ea lithethefatsi ka likepe tse tsamaeang ka tlase ho sekepe le thomello ea mafura le thepa e tsoang Iran ho ea Venezuela.

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Le ha bahahlauli ba natefeloa ke liketsahalo tsa Caribbean tse kenyelletsang ho sesa ka sekepe, ho sesa le scuba, leoatle le fana ka liketsahalo tse ling tse mpe. Pele ho seoa indasteri ea likepe e sentse baeti ba likete, e ba tsebisa leshano la nala. Boholo ba lihlekehleke li lefa litefiso tsa hlooho ho moeti ka mong ea eang lebopong. Bapalami ba likepe ha ba tsotelle hore likepe li senya mafika le bophelo ba leoatle hape li na le khoamo ho bapalami ba lidolara ba khethang. Ntle le moo, likepe tsa likepe, tse ratoang ke limilione tsa baeti ba lefats'e, li ile tsa isa COVID-19 libakeng tse ngata le ho baahi ba lehae qalong ea 2020 hobane batsamaisi ba lik'hamphani ba ne ba se na matla ha e le nako ea ho ts'ehetsa tšoaetso ea vaerase. Ho mpefatsa bothata, likepe tse ngata li ile tsa tšoarelloa leoatleng le bakuli ba COVID-19 ka sekepeng - ka hona bapalami le basebetsi ba ne ba sa khone (ba sa lumelloe) ho theoha.

Mafika a hloekileng a Bonaire (Dutch) a etsa hore sehlekehleke sena e be kou e tummeng ea mehala le likepe tse nyelisang bapalami ba ka bang 4000 ka nako. Ka linako tse ling likepe li bakile likhaello tsa lijo ka ho fihla boema-kepe boo hangata bo boloketsoeng thepa. Lihlopha tse kang Seboka sa Bokamoso ba Bonaire: Monyetla o tsoang ho Likoluoa ​​o phehile khang ka hore na sehlekehleke sena se lokela ho lekanyetsa phihlello ho likepe tse ikhethileng tse nang le maeto a turang haholo kahoo li khetha mananeong a baeti.

Bohahlauli ba Boipuso

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Haeba ho na le bokamoso ba bohahlauli tikolohong ea Caribbean, mohlomong bo tla tla ka ho nka khefu kholisong ea bohahlauli le nako e sebelisitsoeng ho lekola bocha sehlahisoa sa bohahlauli. Phetoho ea maemo a leholimo, ho timela ha mefuta ea limela, ho rengoa ha meru, ho hiroa ha bana, ho hlekefetsoa ka thobalano le lintho tse ling tse ngata tse "khopo" li supa ho hloleha ho hoholo ha bohahlauli ka bongata.

Mehato ea pele e hloka tlhahlobo e tšepahalang ea thepa ea lebatooa le boinehelo ba botsitso le bohoebi ba lehae. Bohahlauli bo bongata bo tsamaisitsoe le ho its'etleha ho hoholo ho tsetelo ea kantle ho naha nts'etsopele, papatso le taolo ea thepa. Meaho ea bahahlauli ba boholo ba "liindasteri" ha ea laoloa ebile e reriloe hampe ho baka kholo e lika-likelitsoeng ke ho hloka botsitso le ts'oaetso e lebisang maemong a mangata mathata a lichelete.

Motsoako oa litšokelo tsa bio-'meleng tse kang ho phatloha hoa seretse se chesang, le liphetoho tikolohong tse lebisang ho maholiotsoana a matla le ho phahama ha maemo a leoatle ho kopane le merusu ea moruo ho tsoa ho putlama ho matla ha lefatše ho lebisang ho mathata a hajoale a bophelo le moruo a COVID-19. Lilemong tse mashome a seng makae tse fetileng ho bile le likhatello tse kholo moahong oa indasteri ea bohahlauli mme ho bile le nako e nyane ea ho lekola le ho nahana ka lithuto tse ithutiloeng. Ka lebaka la hore bohahlauli e se e le letlotlo la bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tikolohong eo, ke bomalimabe hore likoluoa ​​tsa nakong e fetileng ho bonahala li ile tsa hlokomolohuoa; leha ho le joalo, ho ea pele, li ka fana ka motheo oa bokamoso bo tsitsitseng. 

Hore lebatooa le tsoelepele le ho atleha le tlameha ho ikamahanya le tlholisano e haufi le litlhoko tse fetohang tsa mmaraka oa lefatše; ka hona, e hloka ho amohela le ho itokisetsa nchafatso, ho nchafatsa le ho beha bocha sehlahisoa sa eona. Joaloka indasteri, e tlameha ho amohela ho ba tlokotsing ha eona le ho hloka botsitso mme e ikemisetse ho ngola le ho hlakisa likarolo tse ikhethileng tsa thepa le litloaelo tsa eona tse khethollang sehlekehleke se seng ho tloha ho se seng le setso se seng ho se seng ha se ntse se sireletsa thepa e setseng hore e se ke ea senngoa.

Lihlekehleke tse tsebahalang haholo ka bohahlauli ba eco li kenyelletsa Dominica, e tsejoang ka hore ke Sehlekehleke sa Tlhaho sa Caribbean, moo liperesente tse 65 tsa mobu e leng meru ea tropike 'me lik'hilomithara tse fetang 300 li nehetsoe litselaneng tsa ho hloa lithaba. Bonaire e tsejoa ka tikoloho ea eona e hloekileng ea leoatle ha Costa Rica le Belize li tumme ka ho ba botsoalle tikolohong. Libaka tsa phomolo lihlekehlekeng tsena ha li na tšusumetso e tlase ka boitlamo ba ho fokotsa ts'ebeliso ea matla kapa matla a nchafatsoang ka mesebetsi ea baeti e khothaletsa ho ithuta le ho natefeloa ke tikoloho ea lehae.

Ho matha ka tsela e ts'oanang le Bohahlauli bo bongata

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

Mokhoa o mocha oa bohahlauli ba tikoloho o tla shebana le boleng ba boiphihlelo ho fapana le bongata ba bahahlauli ba fihlang ka sefofane kapa ka leoatle. Boiphihlelo ba boleng bo ke ke ba ipapisa le lidolara tse sebelisitsoeng ke moeti, empa e tla ba monono oa linako tse tla tsotella moetlo, o shebile lehlakoreng la motho la sebaka seo a eang ho sona. Taolo ea sehlahisoa se secha sa bohahlauli e ke ke ea ba matsohong a bo-ralibanka kapa batseteli ba kantle ho naha, empa e tla laoloa le ho tataisoa ke bo-rakhoebo ba lehae le baemeli ba bona.

Sepheo sa hajoale ho bohahlauli ba bongata le ho theheng molapo o moholo oa lekhetho ho hloka keketseho e sa khaotseng ea lipalo tsa bahahlauli ba tsamaisoang ka sistimi ba sa tsotelle botebo ba boiphihlelo ba bahahlauli kapa melemo e ka bang teng ts'ebeletsong ea lehae bafani. Ntle le moo, phaello e tsoang ho bohahlauli ba bongata e tsoa ka ntle ho naha, e fella libankeng tsa kantle ho naha le lipokothong tsa ba nang le kabelo.

WOKE Baeti

Limmaraka tse ncha tsa niche li tla khothatsa baeti ka "ho tsoha" ba thabileng ho ts'ehetsa bo-rakhoebo ba lehae le sechaba sa bona. Baeti bana ba bacha ba tla etsa sohle se matleng a bona ho fokotsa maoto a bona moo ba eang teng hobane lithahasello le litakatso tsa bona ke ho fokotsa lebelo la bona, ho batla phomolo, ho hlaphoheloa, bophelo bo botle le ho ithuta; baeti bana ba khetha ho talingoa joalo ka GUSETS eseng joalo ka bareki ba nang le likarete tsa mekoloto, liakhaonto tsa banka le lifofane tsa setoko. Bolulo le libaka tsa boithabiso li tla ba le libaka tse hole tse nang le bokooa tse fumanehang le tse etselitsoeng libaka tse sa hlokomeloeng e le libaka tsa mantlha bakeng sa nts'etsopele ea bohahlauli ba bongata.

Sehlahisoa se secha sa bohahlauli sa bohahlauli se tla hatisa tšusumetso ea motho eo hajoale e leng sieo ho bohahlauli ba likopano moo batho, libaka le libaka tsa boithabiso li nkoang e le thepa. Eco-Tourism e tla shebana le bionetwork, ka ho hatisa bonnete, kutloisiso ea sebaka le ho ama batho. Liphihlelo tse ncha tsa bohahlauli tse mabapi le tikoloho le tikoloho li tla hlahisa thepa ea lehae: ho tšoasa litlhapi, ho qoela ka scuba, ho shebella linonyana, ho shebella linonyana, ho shebella likolopata tsa metsing le ho li boloka, le boithabiso ba setaele sa Caribbean ho kenyeletsoa ho sesisa sekepe, kayaking, ho tsamaea, ho sesa, ho hahlaila le ho pheha le mesebetsi ea matsoho - e rutoe ke bataki le baapehi ba lehae.

New "All-inclusive"

Limenu tsa Culinary li tla theha likhetho tsa ho jela tse lahlehileng ha lihotele tse kholo le lireschorente li tloha lihlopheng tsa lijo tsa lehae ho ea lijong tsa machabeng. Baphehi ba koetlisitsoeng sebakeng sena, ba sebelisa lijo tse tsoang mapolasing a haufi, ba tla khothaletsa kananelo e ncha bakeng sa setso le litloaelo tsa sechaba ka seng sa sehlekehleke. Lijo, liboka tsa mantsiboea, meketjana ea sechaba, 'mino le liketsahalo tsa setso, ho ea mabenkeleng bakeng sa bonono le mesebetsi ea matsoho ho tsoa ho baahi - li tla hlahisa se fumanehang ka bo-rakhoebo le ho arolelanoa le metsoalle le ba lelapa - ho theha tlhaloso e ncha ea "bohle ba kenyeletsang." Likhoebo tsa khale li tla nchafatsoa - ho tloha ho rueng likhoho le likhomo, ho ea temong le litsing tsa tlhahiso ea temo.

Marketing

Khoebo ea ecotourism e tla shebana le liphihlelo tse ipapisitseng le tlhaho. Boithuto bo bong bo fumane hore bahahlauli ba bangata (liperesente tse 83) ba rata mohopolo oa ho ba botala le ho sireletsa tikoloho. Ho hlatsoa botala- mohopolo oa "lets-pretend" oa ecotourism ha se seo ecotourism e leng sona. E 'ngoe ea likhopolo tsa Green Washing ke mokhoa o thetsang oa ho bapatsa ha barekisi le baeletsi ba bona ba khothaletsa libaka tse sa SIRELELOANG ke melao ea tikoloho kapa melaoana ea tikoloho e nang le botsoalle ba tikoloho ka lebitso feela. Bahahlauli ba etela moo ba eang, ba khutlela hae, ba lumela hore ba thusitse tikoloho mme ha ba e-so ka ba e thusa. Mananeo le lits'ebetso tse joalo li tlameha ho tsejoa le ho tlosoa kapa ho fetoloa - ha ho sa amoheleha ho thetsa mohahlauli ea sa tsebeng letho.

Menyetla e mecha ea bohahlauli ba tikoloho e ka bapatsoa lefatšeng ka bophara ka tekanyetso ea lichelete ka lebaka la mahlale a macha a etsang hore papatso ea e-e fumanehe ho bo-rakhoebo ba nang le liakhaonto tse nyane tsa libanka empa ba na le litsebo tse kholo le pono e hlakileng. Likhoebo li tla khothaletsoa ka libaka tsa marang-rang tse etselitsoeng bo-rakhoebo, li fane ka maeto a boithabiso le boiphihlelo - eseng maeto a raliloeng ke bahahlauli ba lefats'e ka bophara. Liphihlelo tse ikhethileng li tla tsamaisoa ke bo-rahistori ba lehae le baetapele ba sechaba ba khonang ho fana ka niche ena e ikhethang bakeng sa menyetla e meng ea matsatsi a phomolo.

'muso

Tlhokomelo le tšehetso ea lipolotiki ho tsoa mekhatlong ea mmuso e tla netefatsa hore litokelo tsa khoebo tsa bankakarolo li ea hlomphuoa ebile li tla thibela ba nkang kantle ho naha kapa ba kantle. Ts'ebelisano 'moho e ts'ehetsoeng ke sechaba, mmuso le poraefete e tla nolofalletsa tikoloho ea tlholisano ea linyehelo tsa boleng e leng mekhoa e meng e ts'oarellang ho bohahlauli ba bongata.

Baetapele ba mmuso ba tla:

• Chelete e lebisitsoeng ho paballo le taolo ea libaka tsa tlholeho le tse sirelelitsoeng

• Ho amohela tlhoko ea libaka tsa tikoloho tsa bohahlauli le merero ea taolo ea baeti e reretsoeng hore e be libaka tsa tikoloho

• Ho etelletsa pele ts'ebeliso ea lithuto tsa tikoloho le kahisano le ho lekola mananeo a nako e telele ho lekola le ho fokotsa sekhahla

• Netefatsa hore nts'etsopele ea bohahlauli ha e fete meeli ea kahisano le tikoloho ea phetoho e amohelehang joalo ka ha ho entsoe ke bafuputsi ba sebelisana le baahi ba lehae

• Aha meralo ea motheo e raliloeng ka tumellano le tikoloho, ho fokotsa ts'ebeliso ea mafura, ho baballa limela tsa lehae le liphoofolo tse hlaha le ho kopana le tikoloho ea tlhaho

Loketse Bokamoso

Le ha Caribbean e na le liphoso, e na le matlotlo a mangata a tlhaho a bohlokoa polaneteng. Ka botsamaisi bo nepahetseng (ba sechaba le ba poraefete), linaha tsa lihlekehleke li ka fetoha mohlala oa seo bohahlauli ba tikoloho bo ka bang sona le se lokelang ho ba sona ha re fetola mohopolo oa bohahlauli ho tloha molemong oa tlhahiso, khoebo ea khoebo e rekisoang ka bongata ho ea moahong o mocha oa khoebo o ipapisang le tikoloho. e tla atleha lekholong la bo21 la lilemo.

Caribbean: Liphoso Paradeiseng

© Dr. Elinor Garely. Sengoloa sena sa litokelo tsa mantlha, ho kenyeletsoa linepe, se kanna sa hlahisoa bocha ntle le tumello e ngotsoeng ea mongoli.

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