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Matamo a Hydro ea Uganda: Phihlelo e ncha ea Bohahlauli

Letamo la Karuma

Boto ea Bohahlauli ea Uganda (UTB) e entse methati le lekala la eneji molemong oa ho fapanya lihlahisoa tsa bohahlauli tsa Uganda tse ka nqane ho bohahlauli bo ipapisang le liphoofolo tse hlaha ka ho saena Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) le Uganda Electricity Generation Company Limited (UEGCL) ho bapatsa Letamo la Matla a Matla a Karuma Hydro la 600MW le matamo a 183MW Isimba Hydro Power e le lihlahisoa tsa bohahlauli tsa meralo ea motheo.

  1. UTB e thusa UEGL ho paka le ho rekisa merero le mesebetsi e fapaneng e reriloeng matamong a motlakase.
  2. Mesebetsi ea bohahlauli le lihlahisoa tse lokelang ho kenyelletsoa ke maeto a limela, ho sesa ka sekepe, ho tšoasa litlhapi lipapaling, libaka tsa kamohelo ea baeti le likhopotso.
  3. MOU e saennoeng ka Loetse 7, 2021, Letamong la Isimba e ts'ehetsa lets'oao la UEGCL la ho sebelisa thepa ea lona ho fapanya photefolio ea eona ea khoebo le ho matlafatsa botsitso ba eona joalo ka bothata bo ntseng bo hola.

“MOU ena e tšoaea qalo ea leeto la bohlokoa Uganda. Ha li hlahisoa, nts'etsopele e atlehileng ea Morero oa Matla a Karuma Hydro 'me Morero oa Isimba Hydro Power libakeng tsa bohahlauli o tla tsoela pele ho fapanya mosebetsi oa rona oa bohahlauli, ka hona, o tla kenya letsoho lipakaneng tsa rona tsa mantlha e leng, ho eketsa molumo (linomoro) le boleng (meputso) ea bohahlauli ho la Uganda le katoloso, malapa a Uganda le mekhoa ea boipheliso ka ho theoa ha mesebetsi le ho eketsa lekhetho, ”ho boletse Lilly Ajarova, Motsamaisi ea ka Sehloohong oa Boto ea Bohahlaoli Uganda. O lebohile botsamaisi ba UEGCL ka ho khetha thahasello ho bohahlauli le ka ho fihlela UTB ho theha tšebelisano 'moho ena ea ho eketsa boleng.

“Phapantsho le papatso ea lihlahisoa tsa bohahlaoli tse fetang bohahlauli ba liphoofolo tse hlaha ho kenyelletsa hara tse ling, tsa bolumeli, tsa setso, tsa ho pheha (le lijo) le tsa bohahlauli ba meaho hona joale, li bohlokoa haholo ho rona re le lekala ebile ehlile re le UTB. Ke ka hona, ho Moralo oa rona oa Leano 2020 / 21-2024 / 25, UTB e behileng pele ts'ebelisano 'moho le beng ba libaka tsa bohahlauli, lekala la poraefete le Mafapha a mang le Makala ho nts'etsapele le ho paka lihlahisoa tse fapaneng tsa bohahlauli ho lelefatsa bolelele ba nako ea ho lula sebakeng seo o eang ho sona. , ka hona re eketsa meputso ea bohahlauli, ”ho boletse Ajarova, haholoholo bakeng sa mmaraka oa lapeng.

Ngaka Eng. Harrison Mutikanga, ha a bua lebitsong la UEGCL, o re MOU e tsamaellana le Leano la Leano la Lilemo tse hlano la UEGCL (2018 -2023) leo hara tse ling, le shebaneng le sepheo sa mantlha sa ho ntlafatsa mosebetsi oa lona oa khoebo.

O bontšitse hore ts'ebeliso ea thepa e kholo ea motlakase oa metsi e le sehlahisoa sa bohahlauli e tla thusa haholo ho notlolla meralo ea motheo bokhoni ba bohahlauli Uganda. Sena se ipapisitse le taba ea hore liteishene tsa hydropower li na le likarolo tse ikhethang holimo le ka tlas'a lefatše. "Re le UEGCL, re ts'episa boitlamo bo felletseng ba ts'ebelisano 'moho," ho boletse Mutikanga.

Bohahlauli libakeng tsa phepelo ea motlakase oa metsi ha se ntho e ncha kaha sena se bontšitsoe sebakeng sa phepelo ea motlakase ea li-Gorges tse tharo Chaena, sa Livingstone se Zambia le sa Niagara Falls sa hydropower se Canada.

Likamano lipakeng tsa likarolo tsena tse peli, leha ho le joalo, ha li so ka li ba hantle lilemong tse leshome tsa pele tsa lekholo la bo21 la lilemo, ha Mmuso oa Uganda o ne o kena letšolong le matla la ho eketsa matla a motlakase oa motlakase le matla a naha ho latela khaello ea ho fihlela tlhoko ea liindasteri le baahi ba ntseng ba eketseha. Sena se bile le litšenyehelo tse phahameng ho indasteri ea bohahlauli ha libaka tsa lets'oao la noka ea Nile tse tsebahalang ka ho rafting le kayaking tsa maemo a lefats'e li neheloa ka lebitso la nts'etsopele.

Ka 2007, Banka ea Lefatše e ne e se e lefelletse projeke ea Bujagali Hydropower, e bakang ho nyamela ha li-rapids tsa sehlopha sa 5 tsa pele ho la Burjagali le ho tlosa Oracle ea Falls, Nabamba Budhagali.

Sebaka sa Kalagala Offset se thehiloe, lipakeng tsa Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Nts'etsopele (Banka ea Lefatše) le Mmuso oa Uganda. Tumellano e entsoe ho fokotsa tšenyo e bakiloeng ke letamo la Bujagali mme e boletse hore sebaka se behelletsoeng ka thoko se ke ke sa koaheloa ke projeke e 'ngoe ea hydro. Leha ho le joalo, ka 2013 mmuso o ile oa fumana chelete e eketsehileng ho Exim Bank ea China ho phethela kaho ea letamo la limilione tse $ 570, ho senya tumellano.

Ke 'nete hore tlhahiso ea motlakase e ne e le ea bohlokoa bakeng sa nts'etsopele le nts'etsopele ea naha, leha litšenyehelo tsa lisente tse 0.191 ka yuniti li ntse li le tlase ho fihlella mahaeng a Uganda, ha ho nahanoa hore moroalo o fetiselitsoe malapeng. Se neng se khothatsa sechaba ke hore borokho ba Isimba, bo hahiloeng ka lebaka la letamo, bonyane bo nolofalitse maeto lipakeng tsa litereke tsa Kayunga le Kamuli, ho nkela sekepe sa koloi se sa tšepahaleng le ho matlafatsa khoebo le bohahlauli.

Ho theosa le noka, Letamo la Isimba le sa tsoa fuoa khamphani ea Nile le ntse le tsebahala bakeng sa litlholisano tsa metsi a masoeu le litlholisano tsa maemo a lefats'e ho kenyeletsoa Mokete oa Nile Freestyle o hohelang mokhatlo oa kayaking o tsoang USA, Russia le Amerika Boroa hammoho le Europe, bao bongata ba bona ba koetlisitsoeng ho Nile ho itokisetsa litlholisano tsa lefatše tsa metsi a masoeu a metsi a masoeu.

Molula-setulo oa Boto ea UTB Mohlomphehi Daudi Migereko, eo ka mokhoa o khahlisang e neng e le Letona la Eneji tlhorong ea letamo ka 2006, o boletse ha a saena hore MOU ke karolo ea morero oa tšebelisano 'moho oa UTB le mekhatlo ea mantlha ea sechaba, ea poraefete le e sa etseng phaello le mekhatlo eo mosebetsi o na le tšusumetso e tobileng ho bohahlauli.

 Ka 2019, mmuso o ile oa busa merero ea ho fana ka tumello ea ho ithuta hore na ho ka khoneha joang bakeng sa kaho ea letamo la li-megawatt tse 360 ​​Phakeng ea Naha ea Murchison Falls ka M / S Bonang Energy and Power Ltd. ho tsoa Rephaboliking ea Afrika Boroa le Norconsult le Morero oa Hydro Institute oa JSC, feela ke ho itšireletsa tlas'a khatello ea Association of Uganda Tour Operators (AUTO) le Civil Society.

Rea tšepa hore likamano tsa bosebeletsi tsa UTB le lekala la eneji li tla putsa, 'me tumellano e sa tsitsang e tla lula; pampiri e re ha ho joalo.

Litaba Tse Amanang

Mabapi le mongoli

Tony Ofungi - eTN Uganda

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