Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Mokhoa oa ho Sireletsa Bokamoso bo tsitsitseng ba Bofofisi

Mokhatlo oa European Cockpit

Phetoho ea boemo ba leholimo le European Aviation. Karolo ea bohlokoa ea Europe ho netefatsa hore ho tsamaea ka mokhoa o sireletsehileng e tlameha ho fokotsa sebaka sa eona sa tikoloho.

Phetoho ea boemo ba leholimo ke e 'ngoe ea liqholotso tse kholo ka ho fetisisa mehleng ea rona. Lifofane, joalo ka meralo ea maano a Europe, li tla tsoelapele ho bapala karolo ea bohlokoa mabapi le ho netefatsa ho tsamaea ka mokhoa o bolokehileng kontinenteng eohle empa e tlameha ho fokotsa haholo tikoloho ea eona ea tikoloho.

Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) e tla ba sethusi sa bohlokoa bakeng sa sena 'me se lokeloa ke tlhokomelo ea mantlha, athe phetoho e tala ea sefofane le eona e tlameha ho ba phetoho e nepahetseng, moo ts'ebetso ea tikoloho le sechaba e tsamaeang hammoho. 

"Bakhanni ba lifofane ba Europe ba ikemiselitse ka botlalo Tumellano ea Paris. Bafofisi ba lifofane ba Europe ba tšehetsa lipheo tsa European Green Deal le sephutheloana sa 'Fit for 55'.

Ba ikemiselitse ho thusa ho aha bokamoso bo botala, sechabeng le moruong bakeng sa bofofisi,” ho bolela Motlatsi oa Mopresidente oa ECA Juan Carlos Lozano, ha a bua ka Position Paper e sa tsoa hlahisoa ea ECA 'Ho Sireletsa Bokamoso bo Tsoelang Pele bakeng sa Bofofisi ba Lifofane”.

"Re itokiselitse ho kenya letsoho ka matla boitekong bo kopanetsoeng ba ho fokotsa sekhahla sa tikoloho ea sefofane. Takatso ea rona ke ho sebelisana 'moho le indasteri le balaoli ho nts'etsapele mekhoa e mecha ea ts'ebetso le lits'ebetso tse tlisang melemo e meng ea tikoloho ha re ntse re boloka polokeho e le eona ntho e tlang pele, "ho boletse Lozano.

ECA e na le tšepo ea hore mekhoa e tsoelang pele ea melao ea EU e tla fana ka likoloi tse nepahetseng tsa taolo ho beha lifofane tseleng ea eona ea ho fokotsa carbon.

Ka mokhoa o joalo ECA e ts'ehetsa mokhoa oo ho thoeng ke oa li-allowances oa SAF, o fumaneng matla ka Paramenteng ea Europe le Lekhotleng.

"Leha ho le joalo, matsapa a tlatsetso a leano a hlokahala ka potlako haeba taelo ea ho kopanya EU e se ho lula e le takatso qetellong ea letsatsi," ho boletse Lozano.

"Re khothaletsa libapali tsohle tsa indasteri, Linaha tsa Litho, le Khomishene ea Europe ho nka khato ka moea oa tšebelisano ea sechaba le poraefete ka potlako le ho nka mehato e tiileng ho matlafatsa tlhahiso le ts'ebeliso ea SAF ka ho theha tšiea e matla ea indasteri Europe," a phethela.  

'Ho aha morao ho betere' e se e le lepetjo le lecha nakong ea mathata. Ke tumelo e tiileng ea bafofisi ba lifofane ba Europe ea hore sefofane se tlameha ho nka monyetla ona oa ho "intlafatsa" le ho fetoha indasteri e tsitsitseng, e matla le e tsitsitseng ea 3.0 - ntho e hlokahalang bakeng sa pono efe kapa efe ea kholo ea nako e telele.

Ka hona, botsitso e tlameha ho ba motheo oa khaho efe kapa efe ea lifofane. Mme botsitso bo hararo:

tikoloho, moruo, le kahisano. 

Otjan de Bruijn, Mopresidente oa ECA, o re: "Ho feta leha e le neng pele, ke habohlokoa hore lifofane tse tala, e leng ntho e tlang pele ka ho loketseng, e se ke ea senya litokelo tsa sechaba le mosebetsi oa boleng bo phahameng."

Mefuta e mecha ea khoebo ea lifofane, ho ata ha mefuta e sa tsitsang ea mesebetsi, 'me haufinyane tjena, seoa sa COVID-19 se sisintse indasteri le tikoloho ea basebetsi ba lifofane e senyehileng.

"ECA e ipiletsa ho baetsi ba melaoana ho etsa hore ho be le tikoloho ea taolo le maano e khothalletsang botsitso ba sechaba ka mekhahlelo eohle ea phetoho e lebisang lefapheng la lifofane tsa decarbonized," o ile a hatisa. 

LEMOHANG PHETHA

Phetoho ea boemo ba leholimo ke e 'ngoe ea liqholotso tse kholo ka ho fetisisa mehleng ea rona.

Lifofane ke moralo oa maano oa Europe o tla tsoelapele ho bapala karolo ea bohlokoa mabapi le ho netefatsa hore ho tsamaea ho bolokehileng Europe. Leha ho le joalo, bofofisi ba bofofisi bo tla tlameha ho kena tseleng e matla ea ho ntša carbonization ho ba karolo ea tharollo e 'tala'. Ka hona, ECA e ipiletsa ho baetsi ba melaoana le bohle ba amehang indastering ea lipalangoang tsa sefofane ho ikopanya le ho nka khato ka potlako ho boloka tsamaiso ea lifofane e tsitsitseng, ea tlhōlisano le e tsitsitseng Europe.

2. BOITLAMO HO EU GREEN DEAL

Bafofisi ba lifofane ba Europe ba ikemiseditse ho fihlella maikemisetso a European Green Deal mme ka kakaretso ba amohela boikitlaetso ba leano la sephutheloana sa 'Fit for 55', leha ho le joalo ho ipapisitse le tlhokomeliso le lintlafatso tse khothalelitsoeng.

3. MAFUSO A TSOANG PELE A AVIATION (SAF) – A STRATEGIC RESOURCE SAF

li ananeloa ka bophara e le mokhoa o ts'episang ka ho fetesisa oa ho felisa khabone nakong ea nako e khuts'oane ho isa ho e mahareng mme ka hona ReFuelEU ke tšiea ea bohlokoa ea sephutheloana sa 'Fit for 55' ho hlahisa taelo ea ho kopanya. Ho fumana phihlello ya pele ho phepelo e lekaneng ya SAF, ka theko e tlase, e tla ba letlotlo la bohlokwa ho ba hara bahlodi ba phetoho e tala, kaha phihlello ho SAF e tla hlalosa hore na ke bomang ba tla fofisa ditsela nakong e tlang.

Ka hona, bafofisi ba lifofane ba Europe, ba ipiletsa ho baetsi ba melaoana ea EU le indasteri ho nka mehato e hlokahalang, e potlakileng ea ho ba moetapele oa ho hlahisa li-SAF tse tšoarellang e le kannete ho boloka khokahanyo ea nako e tlang, mosebetsi le tlholisano ea lifofane tsa Europe.

MOTLATSI MOFISI

Ke tabatabelo ea ECA ho khothaletsa mekhoa e mecha ea ts'ebetso le mekhoa e tlisang melemo ea tikoloho. Bafofisi ba lifofane ba Europe ba itokiselitse ho kenya letsoho ka mokhoa o hlakileng, ka boitlamo ba bona, boitekong bo kopanetsoeng ba ho fokotsa maemo a tikoloho a sefofane.

Ho bohlokoa haholo ho netefatsa hore boemo ba polokeho bo tla bolokoa kapa bo ntlafatsoe ha mekhoa e joalo e tsamaisoang ke tikoloho e hlahisoa.

5. Khōlo E TŠOANENG

Bopaki ba saense bo bontša hore khōlo e tsitsitseng ea lifofane e ka finyelloa, hafeela ho nkoa mehato e mengata e khethiloeng hantle, e nakong le e ikemiselitseng ho thibela ho futhumala ha lefatše ho feta + 2 degrees Celsius.

6. TŠEBELETSO EA TIKOLOHO E TLAMEHA HO TSAMAEA SHAMMO LE TŠEBELETSO EA SECHABA LE MORUO.

Ho bohlokoa hore bohahlauli ba lifofane bo se ke ba tla ka litšenyehelo tsa litokelo tsa sechaba, mosebetsi oa boleng bo holimo le maemo a matle a ho sebetsa. Ka hona, ECA e kopa baetsi ba melaoana ho etsa hore ho be le tikoloho ea taolo le maano e khothaletsang botsitso ba sechaba methating eohle ea phetoho e lebisang lekaleng la sefofane le senyehileng.

Sena se boetse se bolela hore litšenyehelo tse ling tse amanang le phetoho ea botala ha lia lokela ho lefshoa ka ho fokotsa litšenyehelo ka ho sebelisa mefuta e sa tsitsang ea mosebetsi (joalo ka mekhatlo ea barekisi le likonteraka tsa lihora tsa zero, (bogus) mosebetsi oa boipheliso, kapa Moputso oa tlatlapa- merero ea ho-Fly).

Ho beha lik'hamphani tsa lifofane maemong a ho tsetela molemong oa ho boloka moruo o motala le hona ho bohlokoa. Ka hona, ho boloka moralo oa taolo o netefatsang tlholisano e hlokang leeme le lebala la maemo a holimo ke ntho ea bohlokoahali.

ARFIES – SEBOPELETSO SA LEWA LE KAROLO YA THAROLLO YA 'TAHLA'

Meralo ea motheo ea Europe, e fanang ka khokahanyo ea bohlokoa le ho khothaletsa bonngoe ba moruo le moruo le phepelo e nakong ea thepa le litšebeletso. Meralo ena ea motheo ke molemo oa sechaba, karolo ea mokokotlo oa moruo o pharaletseng, 'me e tla tsoelapele ho bapala karolo ea bohlokoa mabapi le Europe e hokahaneng ka moea ka mokhoa o sireletsehileng.

Ka lebaka la mabaka ana, ECA e na le maikutlo a tiileng a hore lifofane e tlameha ho ba karolo ea tharollo e 'tala' 'me e be le motheo oa ho ba karolo ea tsamaiso e sireletsehileng le e tsitsitseng ea lipalangoang tsa Europe. Tlhokahalo ea ho boloka bokamoso bo tsitsitseng ba bofofisi bo tla khahlano le maemo a morao-rao a Phanele ea Mebuso e Kopanetsoeng e mabapi le Phetoho ea Tlelaemete (IPCC) tlaleho1, e lokollotsoeng ka Hlakola 2022, e tiisang hore phetoho ea maemo a leholimo ke e 'ngoe ea liqholotso tse kholo mehleng ea rona. E hatisa hore ketso e matla, e potlakileng e ea hlokahala ho ikamahanya le phetoho ea maemo a leholimo, ka nako e ts'oanang le ho fokotsa ka potlako, ho teba ha likhase tse futhumatsang lefatše.

Le ha likhahla tsa lifofane li emela ka tlase ho 3% ea likhase tsa CO2 lefatšeng ka bophara (maemo a pele ho seoa) li ntse li tsoela pele ho eketseha.

2. Ka hona, ntlafatso e hakanyetsoang ea nako e telele ea selemo ea katleho ea mafura e fetang 2% ka selemo e ke ke ea lekana ho etsa hore khabone ea sefofane e se ke ea ba le lehlakore ka 2050.

Ho feta moo, ka 2020, moeletsi Roland Berger o ile a bolela esale pele hore haeba liindasteri tse ling li felisa carbon ho latela likhakanyo tsa hajoale, sefofane se ka ikarabella ho fihla ho 24% ea likhase tsa lefats'e ka 2050 - ntle le haeba ho ka ba le phetoho e kholo ea theknoloji, ho etsa qeto ea hore indasteri e hloka phetoho.

3. Qetellong, bothata ba matla bo hlahileng ka 2021, bo mpefalitsoeng ke ntoa ea Ukraine, bo lebelletsoe ho tšoarella. Ka lebaka leo, liindasteri tsohle tse itšetlehileng haholo ka matla a mesaletsa ea lintho tsa khale li tla ameha haholo nakong e tlang.

4. Ho beha lifofane tseleng e tala ho tla ba bohlokoa ho etsa hore indasteri e be matla haholoanyane.

Khahlanong le semelo sena, indasteri ea lifofane e tla tlameha ho kenella tseleng e matla haholo ea ho tlosa carbonate, 'me bopaki ba saense bo bontša hore kholo e tsitsitseng ea lifofane e ka finyelloa - ha feela mehato e sebete e nkuoa haufinyane le libapali tsohle tse amehang.

Ka hona, ECA e kopa baetsi ba melaoana le bohle ba amehang indastering ea lipalangoang tsa sefofane ho ikopanya le ho nka khato ka potlako ho boloka tsamaiso ea lifofane e tsitsitseng, ea tlholisano, e bolokehileng le e tsitsitseng ea tikoloho Europe, le ho kenya letsoho morerong le lipheong tsa boemo ba leholimo ba Paris. tumellano.

Khahlanong le semelo sena, indasteri ea lifofane e tla tlameha ho kenella tseleng e matla haholo ea ho tlosa carbonate, 'me bopaki ba saense bo bontša hore kholo e tsitsitseng ea lifofane e ka finyelloa - ha feela mehato e sebete e nkuoa haufinyane le libapali tsohle tse amehang.

Ka hona, ECA e kopa baetsi ba melaoana le bohle ba amehang indastering ea lipalangoang tsa sefofane ho ikopanya le ho nka khato ka potlako ho boloka tsamaiso ea lifofane e tsitsitseng, ea tlholisano, e bolokehileng le e tsitsitseng ea tikoloho Europe, le ho kenya letsoho morerong le lipheong tsa boemo ba leholimo ba Paris. tumellano.

Mabapi le mongoli

Mokha oa Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz esale a sebetsa indastering ea maeto le ea bohahlauli ho tloha ha a le lilemong tsa bocha Jeremane (1977).
O thehile eTurboNews ka 1999 e le leselinyana la pele le fumanehang marang-rang bakeng sa indasteri ea bohahlauli ea maeto a lefats'e.

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