Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Nalane ea Mokhatlo oa Beng ba Lihotele oa Asia American

setšoantšo ka tumello ea AAHOA

The Mokhatlo oa Asia American Owners Association (AAHOA) ke mokhatlo oa khoebo o emelang beng ba lihotele. Ho tloha ka 2022, AAHOA e na le litho tse ka bang 20,000 tse nang le 60% ea lihotele tsa United States 'me li ikarabella bakeng sa 1.7% ea GDP ea naha. Basebetsi ba fetang milione e le 'ngoe ba sebetsa lihoteleng tseo e leng litho tsa AAHOA, ba fumana $47 bilione ka selemo 'me ba fana ka mesebetsi e limilione tse 4.2 ho tsoa mafapheng ohle a indasteri ea kamohelo ea baeti.

Ma-India a Amerika a neng a le indastering ea lihotele le ea lihotele pele a tobana le khethollo, ho tsoa indastering ea inshorense le ho bahlolisani ba neng ba beha matšoao a "Maamerika" kantle ho thepa ea bona ho nka khoebo ho bona. Sehlopha se seng sa beng ba lihotele ba Maindia se thehiloe Atlanta ka 1989 ho rarolla mathata a khethollo le ho hlokomelisa Ma-Amerika a Amerika a sebetsang indastering ea ho amohela baeti tlas'a lebitso la Asian American Hotel Owners Association.

Mokhatlo oa Asian American Hotel Owners Association qalong o thehiloe ho loantša khethollo ea morabe.

Hoo e ka bang bohareng ba lilemo tsa bo-1970, bahoebi ba lihotele ba Maindia a Amerika ba ile ba tobana le khethollo ea libanka le bajari ba inshorense. Hoo e ka bang ka nako eo, ka mor'a hore baemeli ba neng ba tlile kopanong ea setereke ea bo-ralitima-mollo ba tlalehe hore Patel o chesitse lihotele tsa bona le ho fana ka likopo tsa bohata, barekisi ba inshorense ba ile ba hana ho rekisetsa beng ba Maindia inshorense.

E le ho loantša bothata bona le mefuta e meng ea khethollo, ho ile ha thehoa Mokhatlo oa Bohareng ba Boroa oa Boikemelo Tennessee. E ile ea hola naheng ka bophara 'me qetellong ea fetola lebitso la eona ho INDO American Hospitality Association. Sehlopha se seng sa beng ba lihotele ba Maindia se ile sa kopana Atlanta ka 1989 hape ho rarolla mathata a khethollo le ho hlokomelisa Ma-Amerika a Amerika indastering ea ho amohela baeti. Ka thuso ea Michael Leven, eo ka nako eo e neng e le mopresidente oa Days Inn of America, ba ile ba theha Mokhatlo oa Asian American Hotel Owners Association. Qetellong ea 1994, lihlopha tsena tse peli li ile tsa kopana le thomo e latelang:

AAHOA e fana ka seboka se sebetsang seo ho sona beng ba lihotele ba Asia Amerika ka phapanyetsano ea maikutlo ka lentsoe le kopaneng, ba ka buisanang, ba sebelisana, 'me ba boloka boemo ba bona bo nepahetseng ka har'a indasteri ea ho amohela baeti, le ho ba mohloli oa khothatso ka ho khothaletsa botsebi le bokhabane ka thuto le. ho kenya letsoho sechabeng.

Beng ba bona ba bacha ba tlisitse tsebo ea bona ea khoebo le malapa a bona ho sebetsa li-motels tsena. Ba thehile mekhoa ea sejoale-joale ea accounting ho beha leihlo phallo ea bohlokoa ea chelete. Ka makhetlo a mane phallo ea chelete e ile ea fetoha mantra ea Patels. Haeba motele ea mahlomoleng a ka hlahisa $10,000 ka selemo ka chelete e kenang 'me e ka rekoa ka $40,000, e ne e le molemo ho lelapa le sebetsang ka thata.

Ba ile ba nchafatsa le ho ntlafatsa li-motels ho ntlafatsa phallo ea chelete, ba rekisa thepa le ho rekisetsa limotele tse betere. Sena se ne se se na mathata. Lik'hamphani tse tloaelehileng tsa inshorense li ne li ke ke tsa fana ka tšireletso hobane li lumela hore beng bana ba bajaki ba tla chesa li-motels tsa bona. Mehleng eo libanka le tsona li ne li sa khone ho fana ka likalimo tsa ntlo. Ba Patel ba ne ba tlameha ho tšehetsana ka lichelete le ho iketsetsa inshorense ea thepa ea bona.

Ka la 4 Phupu, 1999, New York Times Motlalehi oa litaba Tunku Vardarajan o ile a ngola a re: “Beng ba pele, ka mokhoa o lumellanang le bajaki ba bangata ba tsoang linaheng tse ling, ba ile ba tsamaea ka maoto, ba ikakhetse ka setotsoana, ba roala likausi tsa khale ’me ha ho mohla ba kileng ba nka matsatsi a phomolo. Ha baa ka ba etsa sena feela bakeng sa ho boloka chelete empa hape hobane ho baballa chelete ke karolo ea moralo o moholoanyane oa boitšoaro, o nkang tšebeliso eohle e sa hlokahaleng e le tšenyo e bileng e sa khahliseng. Ke boikutlo bo matlafalitsoeng ke ho hloea bokhopo le ho se tsotelle, bo simolohileng haholo mofuteng oa Bohindu oo Patel a neng a o sebelisa ho tšoana le neanong ea bona ea histori joaloka batho ba batlang phetheho khoebong.”

Sengoli Joel Millman oa ngola ho MaAmerika a mang Viking, 1997, New York:

Patel o ile a nka indasteri e hlokang boroko, e hōlileng tsebong 'me a e fetola-e fa bareki khetho e eketsehileng ha a ntse a etsa hore thepa ka bobona e be le phaello e ngata. Li-motel tse ileng tsa hohela libilione tsa lichelete tsa bajaki li ile tsa fetoha tefiso ea thekiso ea matlo e jang libilione tse ling hape. Tekano eo, e laoloang ke moloko o mocha, e ntse e sebelisoa likhoebong tse ncha. Tse ling li amana le marobalo (ho etsa thepa ea motele); tse ling tse amanang le thekiso ea matlo le meaho (ho busetsa matlo a sa sebetseng); ba bang ke chelete feela ka ho batla monyetla. Mohlala oa Patel-motel ke mohlala, joalo ka li-jitneys tsa India Bophirimela tsa New York, oa tsela eo boikitlaetso ba bajaki bo holisang phae. Hape ho na le thuto e 'ngoe: ha moruo o ntse o fetoha ho tloha ho tlhahiso ho ea ho lits'ebeletso, ketsahalo ea Patel-motel e bonts'a kamoo franchising e ka fetolang motho oa kantle sebapali sa mantlha. Moetso oa Gujarati oa li-motels o kanna oa kopitsoa ke Latinos mabapi le tlhophiso ea naha, Maindia a Bophirima a tlhokomelong ea lapeng kapa Maasia litšebeletsong tsa boruti. Ka ho sebelisa franchise e le khoebo ea lelapa, bajaki ba tla thusa letoto le sa feleng la bafani ba litšebeletso ho hola.

Ha matsete le ho ba le beng li ntse li hola, Ba-Patels ba ile ba qosoa ka litlolo tse fapaneng tsa molao: ho chesa thepa, ho utsoa licheke tsa bosholu tsa maeto, ho qoba melao ea bojaki. Ka ho phatloha ho sa thabiseng ha xenophobia, Khaitseli ea khafetsa (Lehlabula la 1981) le phatlalalitse, “Matsete a tsoang kantle ho naha a fihlile indastering ea lihotele…ho bakile mathata a maholo ho bareki le barekisi ba Amerika. MaAmerika ao le ’ona a korotla ka mekhoa e leeme, mohlomong ea khoebo e seng molaong: ho bile ho buuoa ka morero oa bolotsana.” Makasine eo e ile ea tletleba ka hore ba ha Patel ba phahamisitse litheko tsa li-motel ka maiketsetso ho tsosa moferefere oa ho reka. Sengoliloeng seo se ile sa phethela ka tlhaloso e hlakileng ea khethollo ea morabe, “Ho fetisoa maikutlo a mabapi le lihotele tse nkhang hamonate le tse nkhang hamonate ka bajaki ba hirang batho ba Caucasus ho sebetsa tafoleng e ka pele.” Sengoliloeng seo se ile sa phetha ka hore, “’Nete ke hore bajaki ba bapala ka thata indastering ea li-motel ’me mohlomong eseng ka ho feletseng ka buka ea melao.” Ponahatso e mpe ka ho fetisisa e bonahalang ea khethollo e joalo ea morabe e ne e le lekhopho la lifolakha tsa "American Owned" tse bontšitsoeng lihoteleng tse itseng ho pholletsa le naha. Pontšo ena ea lehloeo e ile ea phetoa ka mor'a Sept 11 Amerika.

Sengoliloeng sa ka, "U ka Fumana Moruo oa Amerika Joang", (Bolulo ba Baeti, August 2002), ke ile ka ngola:

“Ka morao ho la Sept. Amerika, matšoao a ho rata naha a hohle: lifolakha, mapetjo, Molimo A Hlohonolofatse Amerika le United We Stand poster. Ka bomalimabe, tšollo ena ka linako tse ling e feta meeli ea demokrasi le boits'oaro bo hlomphehang. Ntle le moo, ho rata naha ea 'nete ho kenyelletsa likarolo tse ntle tsa litokomane tsa rona tsa ho theha, mme Amerika e ntlehali e bonahala ka ho fapana ha eona. Ka lehlakoreng le leng, ho hobe ka ho fetesisa ha ho bonahala ha sehlopha se le seng se leka ho hlalosa "Amerika" ka setšoantšo sa sona. Ka bomalimabe, beng ba hotele ba 'maloa ba lekile ho hlalosa mofuta oa bona o ikhethang oa "American". Ha qetellong ea 11 Hotel Pennsylvania e New York City e kenya letshwao le kenang monyako le reng "hotele ea batho ba Amerika" beng ba eona ba ile ba leka ho khelosa nyatso ka ho hlalosa, "Taba ea beng ba Amerika ha e nyenyefatse lihotele tse ling. Re batla ho fa baeti ba rona boiphihlelo ba Amerika. Re batla hore batho ba tsebe hore ba tla fumana boiphihlelo ba Amerika. Ha re na taba le seo lihotele tse ling li leng sona kapa seo e seng sona. ”

Tlhaloso ena e fosahetse joalo ka ha e fumana. "Boiphihlelo ba Amerika" ke bofe naheng e ithorisang ka mefuta ea eona ea setso? Na ke bohobe bo bosoeu feela, lintja tse chesang le cola? Kapa na e kenyelletsa bonono bohle, 'mino, tantši, lijo, setso le mesebetsi eo lichaba le baahi ba fapaneng ba li tlisetsang boiphihlelo ba Amerika?

Ka 1998, Molulasetulo oa AAHOA Mike Patel o ile a tsebisa indasteri ea lihotele hore nako e fihlile ea ho tsebahatsa Lintlha tse 12 tsa AAHOA tsa Fair Franchising. O ile a bolela hore morero o ka sehloohong e ne e le “ho theha tikoloho ea ho sebelisana ka bolokolohi e khothalletsang ho lekana le e molemo ho bohle ba amehang.”

AAHOA's 12 Points of Fair Franchising

Ntlha ea 1: Ho Felisoa Pele ho Nako le Litšenyo Tse Felisitsoeng

Ntlha ea 2: Tšireletso / Tšireletso / Tšireletso ea Brand Cross

Ntlha ea 3: Bonyane ba Ts'ebetso le Litiisetso tsa Boleng

Ntlha ea 4: Litlhahlobo tsa Tiisetso ea Boleng/ Liphuputso tsa Baeti

Ntlha ea 5: Ho Ikhetholla ha Barekisi

Ntlha ea 6: Ts'enolo le Boikarabello

Ntlha ea 7: Ho boloka Likamano le Li-Franchise

Ntlha ea 8: Tharollo ea Likhohlano

Ntlha ea 9: Sebaka le Khetho ea Melao ea Molao

Ntlha ea 10: Melao ea Boitšoaro le Litloaelo tsa Thekiso ea Franchise

Ntlha ea 11: Phetisetso

Ntlha ea 12: Ho rekisoa ha Franchise System Hotel Brand

MONGOLI OA TŠEPISANG MOSEBETSI: Stanley Turkel e khethiloe e le Rahistori oa Selemo oa 2020 ka Lihotele tsa Histori tsa Amerika, lenaneo la molao la National Trust for Historic Preservation, leo a ileng a rehelloa ka lona pele ka 2015 le 2014. Turkel ke moeletsi oa lihotele tse hatisitsoeng ka ho fetisisa United States. O sebelisa mokhoa oa hae oa boeletsi oa hotele a sebetsa e le paki e hloahloa linyeoeng tse amanang le hotele, o fana ka taolo ea thepa le lipuisano tsa thekiso ea lihotele. O tiiselitsoe e le Master Hotel Supplier Emeritus ke Setsi sa Thuto sa American Hotel and Lodging Association. [imeile e sirelelitsoe] 917-628-8549

Buka ea hae e ncha "Great American Hotel Architects Volume 2" e sa tsoa phatlalatsoa.

Libuka tse ling tse hatisitsoeng tsa Hotel:

• Lihotele tse Khabane tsa Amerika: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea lihotele (2009)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tsa New York (2011)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse lilemo li 100+ tsa Bochabela ho Mississippi (2013)

• Hotele Mavens: Lucius M. Boomer, George C. Boldt, Oscar oa Waldorf (2014)

• Lihotele tsa Great American Hoteliers Karolo ea 2: Bo-pula-maliboho ba indasteri ea Hotel (2016)

• E hahiloe ka nako e telele: Lihotele tse 100+ tse nang le lilemo tse ngata Bophirimela ho Mississippi (2017)

• Hotel Mavens Buka ea 2: Henry Morrison Flagler, Henry Bradley Plant, Carl Graham Fisher (2018)

• Baetsi ba Lihotele ba Great American Hotel Moqolo I (2019)

• Hotele Mavens: Buka ea 3: Bob le Larry Tisch, Ralph Hitz, Cesar Ritz, Curt Strand

Libuka tsena kaofela li ka odaroa ho AuthorHouse ka ho etela stanleyturkel.com  le ho tobetsa sehlooho sa buka.

Mabapi le mongoli

Stanley Turkel CMHS hotele-online.com

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