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Ntlafatso e tsitsitseng ea Bohahlauli le Litifikeiti ke tsona tse monate haholo

setšoantšo ka tumello ea Jude Joshua ho tloha Pixabay
ngotsoeng ke Roberto Baca Plazaola

Sustainability e bonahala e le buzzword, empa e pharaletse haholo ebile e ferekanya, e baka hore eseng beng ba likhoebo le litšebeletso tsa bohahlauli feela, empa le bareki, ba ferekangoe ke lipolelo tse fapa-fapaneng le liqeto tse sa hlakang haholo ntle le sepheo sa konkreite.

Bohahlauli ba moshoelella bo hlalosoa ke Lenaneo la Tikoloho la UN le Mokhatlo oa Machaba oa Bohahlauli oa Lefatše (2005), e le "bohahlauli bo nkang tlaleho e feletseng ea liphello tsa hona joale le tsa nakong e tlang tsa moruo, sechaba le tikoloho, ho sebetsana le litlhoko tsa baeti, indasteri, tikoloho le lichaba tse amohelang baeti."

Ho bua ka botsitso ke ho hlokomela hore ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e hokahane 'me e hokahantsoe ka mokhoa o phethahetseng, ka hona, ke ho laola letoto le leholo la lintlha ho netefatsa hore khoebo kapa tšebeletso ea bahahlauli e fanoa ho ela hloko ho kopanngoa ha likarolo tse lokelang ho nkoa. hore li sebetse joalo ka: litšebeletso tsa boleng, polokeho, theknoloji ea tlhahisoleseling le puisano (ICTs), koetliso ea basebetsi, mananeo a thuto le boithabiso, maano a tikoloho, maemo a bong, tšebeliso ea matla, tšebeliso ea metsi, matla a mang, mefuta-futa ea bophelo le paballo ea setso, phetoho ea maemo a leholimo. mehato ea ho fokotsa le ho ikamahanya le maemo, le tsamaiso e tsitsitseng litsamaiso, har'a tse ling tse sekametseng eseng feela ho fana ka khotsofalo ho bahahlauli, empa hape ho ananela le ho baballa lefa la tlhaho le setso la libaka tse eteloang ke bona ka tsamaiso e nepahetseng ea moshoelella ea likhoebo kapa libaka tsa bohahlauli.

Haholo-holo, Session ea Bosupa ea Khomishene ea Machaba a Kopaneng ea Ntlafatso ea Moshoelella (CSD – 1999) e khothalelitse hore mebuso e khothalletse le ho thusa ntlafatso ea bohahlauli ea moshoelella ka:

• Tlhabollo ea maano le meralo ea naha.

• Tšebelisano e kholoanyane le bankakarolo ba bang kaofela ba bohahlauli.

• Koetliso ea matsoalloa le sechaba sa lehae litabeng tsa bohahlauli.

• Theho ea tikoloho e nolofalletsang likhoebo tse nyane le tse mahareng (mabapi le koetliso, sekoloto le tsamaiso).

• Tlhahisoleseding ka litaba tsa tikoloho le tsa boitšoaro bakeng sa bahahlauli.

• Ho loantša mosebetsi ofe kapa ofe oa bohahlauli o seng molaong, o hlekefetsang, kapa o tlatlapa.

E boetse e khothaletsa bahoebi ba bohahlauli:

• Ho amohela matsapa a boithaopo a molemong oa ntlafatso le taolo ea ts'ebetso ea bona.

• Ntlafatsa tsamaiso ea bona ea tikoloho (matla, metsi, litšila, joalo-joalo).

• Koetlisa basebetsi ba bona (haholo-holo ba tsoang sebakeng sa heno).

• Hana phatlalatsa mofuta ofe kapa ofe oa bohahlauli o seng molaong, o hlekefetsang, kapa o tlatlapa. Ela hloko litlamorao tsa mesebetsi ea bona tikolohong le litsong tsa lehae libakeng tseo ba eang ho tsona.

Lenaneo la 21 la indasteri ea bohahlauli le re:

"Bohahlauli ke e 'ngoe ea liketsahalo tse atlehileng ka ho fetisisa mehleng ea rona."

“Empa re boetse rea tseba hore ho se ho ntse ho e-na le matšoao a kotsi e kholo ka ho tlala le ho senyeha ha libaka tse ling le meetlo ea tsona, ka tšubuhlellano ea lipalangoang le ho se khotsofale ho hoholo ha litho tsa litoropo le sechaba se itseng ka lebaka la taolo e mpe ea mesebetsi ea bohahlauli. ”

Ho latela Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC, 2021), bohahlauli ba moshoelella bo bolela mekhoa ea moshoelella kahare le ka indasteri ea bohahlauli. Ke tabatabelo ea ho ananela litlamorao tsohle tsa bohahlauli, tse ntle le tse mpe. E ikemiselitse ho fokotsa litlamorao tse mpe le ho holisa tse ntle. Bohahlauli ba moshoelella ha bo bolele mofuta o itseng oa bohahlauli, empa ke tabatabelo ea hore litlamorao tsa mefuta eohle ea bohahlauli e be tse tšoarellang melokong e tlang.

Ha e le hantle, ho latela pono e joalo ke kamoo mekhoa ea GSTC e tsoetsoeng bakeng sa likhoebo qalong, morao koana ka 2008, 'me hamorao bakeng sa libaka, e sebetsang e le litekanyetso tsa lefats'e bakeng sa ts'ebetso ea maeto le bohahlauli. Maemo a sebelisoa bakeng sa thuto le tlhokomeliso

Maemo ana ke litholoana tsa boikitlaetso ba lefats'e ka bophara ba ho theha puo e tšoanang mabapi le ts'ebetso ea bohahlauli. Li arotsoe ka litšiea tse 'nè:

  • tsamaiso e tsitsitseng
  • litlamorao tsa moruo oa sechaba
  • litlamorao tsa setso
  • litlamorao tsa tikoloho

Joalo ka ha GSTC's e theha: "Ts'ebetso ea ho nts'etsapele litekanyetso e ne e etselitsoe ho latela melaoana ea ho beha maemo ea ISEAL Alliance. ISEAL Alliance ke mokhatlo oa machaba o fanang ka tataiso bakeng sa tsamaiso ea maemo a tsitsitseng makaleng ohle. Khoutu eo e ipapisitse le litekanyetso tsa ISO tse amehang. ”

Mekhoa e meng ea ts'ebetso matsatsing ana ke hore libaka tsa bohahlauli li batla ho fumana litifikeiti tse kang Slovenia e fumane tsa tsona ho tsoa mekhatlong e ikemetseng ea Setifikeiti joalo ka Green Destinations le libaka tse ling tse kang Bonaire li fumane likhamphani tse tsebahalang haholo tse nyane, tse nyane le tse mahareng tse netefalitsoeng. litifikeiti tse tšoarellang joalo ka Lenaneo le Molemo la Seal Seal ho tsoa mokhatlong o le mong.

Mekhoa e meng ea libaka tsa setifikeiti le likhoebo li kenyelletsa taba ea hore ka la 31 Pherekhong 2014, Monghali Albert Salman o ile a qala mokhoa o mocha oa ho kopanya GSTC ho Green Destinations (GD), eo kajeno e kenyelletsang tse latelang:

- Lipale tse 100 tse holimo

- Likhau tsa GD le Litifikeiti

- Lenaneo la Baetapele ba Lefatše

– Destination Support Programme

- QALA lethathamo la lisebelisoa

– Good Travel Programme

– Good Travel Guide

– Koetliso ea GD

Ka Lenaneo la Maeto a Green Seal, mefuta ena ea likhoebo e paka mekhoa ea bona e metle ea moshoelella litabeng tse kang:

  • Ho reka le ho rekisa, F&B
  • Boiketlo ba sechaba
  • Mosebetsi o motle
  • Bophelo bo botle le polokeho
  • phihlelleho
  • Matla le boemo ba leholimo
  • Senya
  • metsi
  • Tšilafalo & khathatso
  • Tlhaho le naha
  • Lefa la setso
  • Information

Bakeng sa tlhaiso-leseling e batsi ka setifikeiti, tlanya mona.

Mabapi le mongoli

Roberto Baca Plazaola

Roberto ke Mongoli Kakaretso oa Skål International Panama Board Board & Mopresidente oa Soluciones Turísticas Sostenibles STS CR SA - Panama le Moemeli oa Libaka tsa Green Destinations le Mohlahlobi oa Amerika Bohareng le Panama @stssacrpa

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