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Occitanie E Thehiloe: Veine e Matla e nang le Nalane e khahlisang

setšoantšo ka tlhompho ea E.Garely

Liveine tsa Languedoc-Roussillon

Kajeno, veine ea Languedoc e nkoa e le e 'ngoe ea veine e khahlang ka ho fetesisa lefatšeng ka bophara, 'me e tsebahala ka ho hlaka le ho rarahana. Sebaka sena se hlahisa veine e ngata, e fetang tlhahiso ea Bordeaux, Australia, Afrika Boroa le Chile li kopane, tse emelang hoo e ka bang karolo ea boraro ea tlhahiso ea molumo oa French e lekanang le libotlolo tse ka bang libilione tse tharo tsa veine selemo le selemo ho tloha ho lihekthere tse 300,000 tsa morara o ntseng o lengoa. Bareki ba kholo ka ho fetisisa ba veine ena (2019) ke Jeremane (liperesente tse 16), USA (liperesente tse 13), Netherlands (liperesente tse 11), UK (liperesente tse 10), Belgium (liperesente tse 10), le China (liperesente tse 8) ho tsoa. Mabitso a 30 le li-crus tse kenyelletsang veine e tšoeu, e khubelu, ea rose, e phatsimang le e monate. Lekala lena le hira batho ba ka bang 165,000 'me ke mohiri e moholo oa sebaka seo, pele ho bohahlauli le indasteri ea lifofane.

Kopanyo e Hlahisa Lebitso le Lecha

Ka 2014 libaka tsa Fora li ile tsa hlophisoa bocha 'me libaka tsa khale tsa Midi-Pyrenees le Languedoc-Roussillon li ile tsa kopanngoa ho theha. sebakeng sa Occitanie. Ka mor'a ho kopana, Occitanie e ile ea e-ba serapa se seholo sa morara sa Fora sebakeng se le seng se tsoelang pele lefatšeng lohle, ho kenyeletsoa lihekthere tse 263,000 tlas'a morara, ho hlahisa karolo ea 33 lekholong ea veine ea Fora. E akaretsa mapolasi a veine a 24,000 le likoporasi tse 380 tse nang le liperesente tse 36 tsa balemi ba veine ba shebaneng le temo ea tlhaho.

Languedoc e etsa hoo e ka bang karolo ea 90 lekholong ea sebaka seo; Roussillon e nka karolo ea 10 lekholong. Mmoho di emetse sebaka se seholo sa Fora se hlahisang veine le sebaka sa serapa sa morara mme ho feta e le nngwe ho tse tharo tsa veine tsa Fora di hlahiswa mona.

Mona ke sebaka sa tsoalo sa veine e benyang, leha Champagne e fumana mokoloto.

Sebaka sa veine sa Occitanie se na le 87 AOP (Appellation d'Origine Controlee) mabitso le mabitso a 36 a PGI (Protected Geographical Indications) le balemi ba veine ba khona ho iketsetsa qeto ea hore na (kapa che) ba batla ho hlahisa veine ea AOP kapa ea PGI.

Ea pele ho Sparkle

Ka 1531, ho Abbaye de Saint Hilaire (Limoux), baitlami ba fumane hore veine eo ba e etsang e qalile ho phalla ka botlolong 'me tse ling kaofela ke histori. Ho ka etsahala hore ebe Dom Perignon o ile a etela ntlo ea abbey pele a lula Champagne mme a "alima" mohopolo oa ho etsa veine e phatsimang mme a qala ts'ebetso ea Champagne. Mabitso a mararo a benyang a sebaka seo a kenyelletsa Cremant de Limoux, Blanquette de Limoux, le Limoux Methode baholo-holo. Thomas Jefferson o tsejoa a ne a rata fizz ea Limoux 'me e ne e le eona feela veine e benyang ka phaposing ea joala ea mopresidente.

Sud de France

Ka takatso ea ho totobatsa se finyelitsoeng sebakeng sa Occitanie, ka 2006, Sud de France e ile ea qalisoa e le mokhoa oa ho eketsa ho fihla ha bahahlauli sebakeng sa eona le ho fana ka tiiso ea boleng. Letšoao lena e ne e le maikutlo a George Freche, mopresidente oa Lekhotla la Libaka (2004) ea ileng a hlokomela hore, ho sa tsotellehe thepa e ngata ea moruo le setso sa sebaka seo, e ile ea boloka boemo bo tlaase haholo 'me o ne a ikemiselitse ho fetola boemo bona. Ka Sud de France lihlahisoa tsohle tsa lijo tsa temo le veine tsa setereke sa Languedoc-Roussillon li khothaletsoa ka sekhele se le seng molemong oa ho bapatsa. Sehlopha hajoale se tsamaisoa ke Carole Delga mme se kenyelletsa lik'hamphani tse 1,817 tse emelang lihlahisoa tsa 5,882.

Carole Delga ka 2013. Mopresidente, Lekgotla la Lebatowa la Occitanie; Member, Socialist Party

Ralipolotiki oa Mofora, Carole Delga, ke setho sa Mokhatlo oa Socialist (ho tloha 2004) mme o sebelitse e le Mopresidente oa Occitanie ho tloha 2016. Ho tloha 2012-2017 e ne e le setho sa Seboka sa Sechaba 'me a sebeletsa Komiting ea Lichelete le Tšireletso. Ka 2014 o sebelitse ka bokhuts'oanyane e le Mongoli oa Naha oa Khoebo, Mesebetsi ea matsoho, Moruo oa Bareki le Sechaba le Tšebelisano tlas'a Letona la Lichelete le Akhaonto ea Sechaba, Michel Sapin 'musong oa Tonakholo Manuel Valls.

Delga e tsejoa ka ho amohela sebaka sa khale sa Languedoc-Roussillon nakong ea ho thehoa ha Occitanie (sebaka se nang le baahi ba limilione tse 6), se sa tsepamiseng maikutlo ho Toulouse le ho kenyelletsa baahi ba moo merero le mananeo a hae.

Occitanie/Sud de France Matla

Boemo ba leholimo sebakeng sena bo monate bakeng sa ho hōla ha morara ha moea o matla o tlisa mongobo o tsoang leoatleng 'me o fana ka moea o hloekileng oa lithaba ho omisa lifate tsa morara. Mobu o tloha ho letsopa-limestone (o laola mocheso oa mobu) ho ea ho schist (slate) ho Saint Chinian le ho letsopa le choko ho Picpoul de Pinet.

Languedoc-Roussillon e fana ka 30+ Lebitso la Origine Controlee (AOC) le Corbieres, Fitou, Minervois le Cotes de Roussillon tse tsebahalang haholo USA. Sebaka sena se boetse se tsebahala ka veine ea eona ea Vin de Pays moo melao ea veine e feto-fetohang e lumellang boqapi le baetsi ba veine ba hlahisa veine e khahlang, ea pele ea litholoana, tse ngata tse tebileng, mahloriso le monyetla oa ho tsofala. Baetsi ba veine ba boetse ba dumellwa ho hlahisa morara ho tswa masimong a morara ho phatlalla le sebaka sena, mme, ka ho tuma letshwao la Sud de France, bareki ba kgona ho tseba le ho kgetha veine e kgotsofatsang boleng/equation ya boleng. Leibole, Sud de France, hajoale e kenyelletsa lihlahisoa tse fetang 11,000 (tseo tse 2,100 tsa tsona e leng tsa tlhaho), ho latela lihlopha tse 24 tse fapaneng tsa melao. Lihlahisoa tsohle li hlahlojoa ke sehlopha se ikemetseng ka sepheo sa ho ntlafatsa kananelo ea mabitso limmarakeng tsa kantle ho naha, le ho tsepamisa maikutlo holima Europe, China le USA.

Tourism

Haufi le Barcelona, ​​​​Occitanie e kenyelletsa libaka tsa Languedoc-Roussillon le Mid-Pyrenees 'me e hlokomeloa ke khahleho ea Montpellier, Toulouse le Perpignan e fanang ka botle ba Boroa ba Fora ka baeti ba fokolang ho feta Paris le Provence. Sebaka sena se na le mabopo a leoatle, lirapa tsa morara, libaka tsa boikhathollo tsa naha le libaka tsa setso, hammoho le litselana tsa ho hloa lithaba, libaesekele le lipere. Hobane ke sebaka se hlahelletseng sa tlhahiso ea veine 'me ke moo veine e benyang e tsoetsoeng teng teropong ea Limoux, papali ea veine / culinary e ntle haholo Collioure (anchovies) le Set (litlhapi le oyster).

Mehopolo ea Veine ea Roussillon

Ketsahalong e sa tsoa feta ea veine New York City, ke bile le lehlohonolo la ho tsamaea ka har'a veine e monate e tsoang Roussillon. Tse latelang ke tse seng kae tsa tseo ke li ratang:

  1. Domaine Cabirau, AOP Cotes du Roussillon 2013. 70% Grenache Noir, 20% Syrah, 10% Carigan Noir.

Mopresidente Dan Kravitz o rekile lihekthere tse 13.5 tsa lirapa tsa morara ho Roussillon (mabitso a Cotes du Roussillon a bōpiloeng ka 1977), e motseng oa Maury (karolo ea Fora ea Catalonia) ka 2007. Roussillon e tsejoa ka tlhahiso ea omileng, o mofubelu, o mosoeu le oa rosa. veine. Sebaka sena se kenyelletsa halofo e ka bochabela ea Pyrenees Orientales (lehlakoreng le ka bochabela la Lithaba tsa Pyrenees) le likarolo tse tlase tsa Roussillon.

Serapa sa morara se lik'hilomithara tse 20 ho tloha Mediterranean le lik'hilomithara tse 20 ka leboea ho Spain. Lebitso la Cabirau le qalile ho etsoa 'mapa lilemong tse 100 tse fetileng. Lifate tsa morara li lenngoe matsoapong a schist, mafika a lefifi a letšo a fanang ka boitsebiso bo ikhethang ba liminerale ho Grenache.

Mobu ke motsoako oa schist, limestone, gneiss le granite. E kotutsoe ka letsoho ho tloha lifateng tsa morara tsa Grenache tsa lilemo tse 25-60 tse lenngoeng mobung oa schistous, le motsoako oa morara oa khale le Syrah le Carignan e sa tsoa lengoa. Grenache ha e tlosoe ha Syrah le Carignan li ntse li belisoa ke malolactic le ho hola ha likhoeli tse 5 ho 500 I demi-muids (600-litre capacity oak barrels).

Notes

Ha u sheba, garnet e tebileng e fetoha e pinki. Nko e putsoa ka monko oa cherry pie, fragole e nyenyane, li-raspberries, blueberries - khahlanong le lerotholi le ka morao la licorice, cloves, oak, cola, vanilla, lipalesa tsa naha le linoko (ke hore, pepere e ntšo). Mahalapa a putsoa ka litholoana tse omeletseng le mobu o mongobo. 'Mele o mahareng o nang le asiti e bonojoana le li-tannins tse bonolo/tse chitja. Qetello e telele e ntlafalitsoeng ke li-tannins. Kopanya le nama ea khomo, pasta le veal.

  • Pokello ea Domaine du Mas Blanc, AOP Banyuls 1975. Grenache Noir, Grenache Gris.

Morara o kotulwa ka letsoho mme o hatakwe ka maoto, a lomoswa ka tshepe e sa hlwekang e nang le ditomoso tsa matswallwa mme e hodile ho 650-litre oak demi-muids ka dilemo tse 10.

Metso ea Domaine du Mas Blanc e ka saloa morao ho tloha bohareng ba 17th lekholong la lilemo, ka mohato ho isa ho 20th lekholong la lilemo la 1921 ha Dr. Gaston Parce a qala ho kenya veine ea hae ka botlolong 'me e e-ba moemeli ea ka sehloohong oa lebitso la Banyuls (1936). Mora oa hae, Dr. Andre Parce o ile a latela mehatong ea bo-ntat'ae 'me a qala lebitso la Collioure (1971)

Banyuls ke veine e ntle ka ho fetisisa le e rarahaneng ka ho fetisisa ea Vin Doux Naturels ea Fora, veine e lefifi e hapang leoatle, letsatsi le majoe. Ka lebaka la ho ba haufi le leoatle hoo ho kokobetsang matla a lona a motheo, phello e monate, e tsubang e nang le lintlha tse mabapi le tšimoloho ea leoatle.

Banyuls ke karabelo ea Sefora ho Port Wine. E monate, e matla mme e ntshitswe ho Grenache e kotutsweng ho tswa ho difate tsa kgale tsa Domaine du Mas Blanc tsa Grenache.

Notes

Garnet e mafome mahlong, e nang le monko o monate oa boema-kepe e fana ka maikutlo a patsi e chesitsoeng le monate / linoko ho nko. Ka mahalapeng e ruile ka cherries, nutmeg, vanilla le sinamone. E fana ka mousse e telele ea chokolete e monate / e monate. Kopanya le chisi e Boputsoa, ​​nama e phekotsoeng, Tsokolate le Kofi, Vanilla le Caramel, Litholoana tse Omisitsoeng le Matokomane.

Ena ke letoto le shebaneng le Sud De France.

Bala Karolo ea 1 Mona:  Ho tloha ho Lihoai ho ea ho Baipelaetsi ho ea ho Baetsi ba Veine

© Dr. Elinor Garely. Sengoloa sena sa litokelo tsa mantlha, ho kenyeletsoa linepe, se kanna sa hlahisoa bocha ntle le tumello e ngotsoeng ea mongoli.

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Mabapi le mongoli

Ngaka Elinor Garely - ea ikhethang ho eTN le mohlophisi ea ka sehloohong, li-veine

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