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Pholoso ea Bohahlauli ba Dominican ke Phoso? Pherekano ea Simpson e Sheba 'Nete

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Kameho ea seoa sa bohahlauli lefats'eng ka bophara le ho moruo oa lefatše e bile kholo haholo. Monehelo oa bohahlauli ho Sehlahisoa sa Global Gross World ka 2020 - $ 4.7 trillion - e ne e le halofo ea 2019. Leqepheng la morao tjena, molaoli-kakaretso ea okametseng Seboka sa Machaba a Kopaneng sa Khoebo le Nts'etsopele (UNCTAD) o hakanya hore ho boemo bo nang le ts'epo, qetellong ea selemo, re tla ba 60% ka tlase ho 2019.

  1. Ka ha bohahlauli e le karolo ea bohlokoa moruong oa lefatše, ho hlaphoheloa linaheng tsohle ho bohlokoa.
  2. Haufinyane Lekala la Bohahlauli la Dominican le hlahisitse tlhaiso-leseling e bonts'ang hore lefapha lena le hlaphoheloa ka mokhoa o makatsang.
  3. Le ha data e nepahetse, tlhaloso e ka siea e mong a botsa sesupo sa ho hlaphoheloa joalo.

Tsosoloso ke sepheo sa linaha tsohle, kaha bohahlauli ke karolo ea bohlokoa moruong oa lefatše, empa haholo-holo ho ba nang le bohahlauli e le karolo ea bohlokoa ea moruo.

Libekeng tse 'maloa tse fetileng, Lekala la Bohahlauli la Dominican e hlahisitse lintlha tse tla paka ho hlaka le ho hlolla ha bohahlauli bo tlang ba Dominican. Lintlha li nepahetse, empa tlhaloso ea tsona e hloka tlhahlobo e fanang ka bopaki ba mabone le meriti ea ho hlaphoheloa hona, ho ipapisitse le tlhaiso-leseling e akaretsang ea data ea likarolo tse fapaneng.

Ka lilemo tse mashome a mahlano, phello e 'nile ea ithutoa eo ha e le hantle e neng e hlokometsoe lilemo tse fetang lekholo tse fetileng, e leng khang ea Simpson. U ka fihlela liqeto tse fosahetseng ha lipalo-palo li kopanya data e sa ts'oaneng. Ntle le ho kenya lintlha tsa thuto ena ea lipalo, rea hlokomela hore e lumella ho utloisisa meeli e meng ea tlhatlhobo ea data ke Lefapha la Bohahlauli la Dominican, data, eo bonnete ba eona, re phetang ho qoba ho se utloisisane, ha e botsoe.

Bohlokoa ba ho utloisisa meeli ena ha bo hloke tokafatso naheng eo, ka 2019, ka meputso ea phapanyetsano ea kantle ho naha, bohahlauli bo kentse karolo ea 8.4% ho GDP, e emelang 36.4% ea thomello ea thepa le litšebeletso kantle ho naha. Ntle le moo, bohahlauli, ho sa tsotelehe ho kobeha ha 13% ha ho bapisoa le 2018, ho kentse letsoho ho 2019 ho hoo e ka bang 30% ea Matsete a Otlolohileng a Kantle ho Naha.

Ka mabaka ana, netefatso e hlokolosi ea polelo eo naheng ea Dominican Republic, lekala la bohahlauli le siela morao koluoa ​​e bakiloeng ke seoa sa COVID-19 e bohlokoa bakeng sa maano a sechaba a naha, hape le ho tataisa liqeto tsa Microeconomic tsa ba sebetsang lekaleng lena.

WTM London ea 2022 e tla etsahala ho tloha ka la 7-9 Pulungoana 2022. Ngodisa hona joale!

Ha re hopoleng litaba tsa mantlha tse boletsoeng ke Lekala:

- Batho bao e seng baahi ba fihlang ka sefofane, ka Phato selemong sena, ba emetse 96% ea ba 2019, moetlo o fetang o netefalitsoeng ke se etsahetseng halofo ea pele ea Loetse.

- Tloaelo ena e netefatsoa ke tlhahlobo ea khoeli le khoeli ea ho hlaphoheloa ha sesupo sena ho tloha ha e hlaphoheloa. ha e bapisoa le 2019, e ntse e hola, ho tloha ho 34% ka Pherekhong-Hlakola, ho isa ho 50% ka Hlakubele-Mmesa, ho isa ho 80% ka Mots'eanong-Phuptjane le 95% ka Phupu-Phato.

- Ho fihla ha baahi bao e seng ba Dominican ba ntse ba hola ka botsitso ka likhoeli tse leshome.

- Palo ea bahahlauli ba lulang lihoteleng ke 73%.

Tsena kaofela ke lintlha tsa nnete le tse ngotsoeng. Leha ho le joalo, Simpson o re hopotsa hore li bua ka mehlala e kopanyang lihlopha tse fapaneng le linako tse fapaneng.

Tshekatsheko e akaretsang ea nako e ne e tla nepahala haeba ho bile le botsitso ho ba fihlang boemong ba khoeli le khoeli nakong e khethiloeng bakeng sa papiso. Hona ho ne ho se joalo, 'me likhoeli tsa 2019 ha li tšoane le papiso e joalo le 2021. Selemong seo, bahahlauli ba ile ba ama letsoho la litlamorao tsa lefu la bahahlauli ba bang lipakeng tsa Mots'eanong le Phuptjane, e leng se ileng sa fetola kholo ea bohahlauli ba Amerika Leboea e tlalehiloeng. halofo ya pele ya selemo (hoo e ka bang 10%) ho theoha ha 3% nakong ya dikgwedi tse leshome tsa pele (4% haeba palo yohle ya ba fihlang kantle ho naha e nkwa).

Sena se hloka ho khetholla hore na 96% eo ka Phato kapa ho feta 110% libekeng tsa pele tse peli tsa khoeli ena e bakoa ke ho hlaphoheloa ha nomoro (ba fihlang 2021) le hore na ke ho fokotseha hofe ho ho honyenyane (ba fihlang ka 2019).

Phello ena e boima haholo ha ba fihlang ba robehile ho ipapisitsoe le karolo e 'ngoe ea boitseko, ho khetholla bao e seng baahi ba Dominican le ba bajaki.

Re etsa joalo tafoleng e latelang moo re hlahisang sena data, bakeng sa likhoeli tsa Pherekhong-Phato, ho qala ka 2013.

Year201320142015201620172018201920202021
 D414598433922498684546051538350616429707570345888811156
 F289187031750333394208361914738617744027620395646612936502081389

Lintlha tsena, ntle le ho belaella papiso ea Lekala la khoeli ea Phato, li e fetotse, hobane hobane nakong ea likhoeli tse robeli, palo eohle ea ba fihlang ke 60% ea ba 2019 mme re tlameha ho khutlela ho 2013 ho fumana palo e tlase. . Papiso ena ea hoqetela e bua ka tlhaiso-leseling e felletseng, empa haeba re ne re ka lebisa tlhokomelo ho tsa basele feela, sena se ne se tla fana ka 53%, ha ho bapisoa le 2019, le 72%, ha ho bapisoa le 2013.

Ho nahaneloa ha bajaki bao e seng baahi ho bohlokoa hobane baahi ba Dominican bao e seng baahi mohlomong ba sebelisa hanyane litšebeletso tse ling tse joalo ka lihotele, lireschorente, lipalangoang. Taba ena e seng e khahlisang e tšehelitsoe ke ho lula hoteleng, eo, leha e le bajaki 86% ea ba amohetsoeng, e ka tlase ho palo ena, ha nalane e ne e le liperesente tse peli tse neng li le ka tatellano e le 'ngoe.

Ho na le lintlha tse ling tse sa lumellaneng tse amanang le bohahlauli bo kenang kahare tse lokelang ho tšoenyeha. Lintlha tsena, tse hlahisitsoeng tafoleng e latelang, li bua ka ho putlama ha ba fihlang ke sebaka sa tlhaho sa bao e seng baahi.

Yearamerika e leboeaEuropeamerika e boroaAmerika Bohareng
201860.8%22.4%12.6%3.9%
201961.9%21.6%12%4.1%
202061.2%24.7%10.7%3%
202170.6%14.6%9.5%5%

Lintlha tse nepahetseng ka ho fetesisa bakeng sa maikutlo a rona ke kholo ea bohahlauli ba Amerika Leboea e tsamaeang le ho putlama ha seo ho tsoa Europe. Haeba tlhaiso-leseling ena e nkuoa hammoho le e amanang le bochaba, bao re buileng ka phello e sa tobang ho bona, ho bonahala eka litlamorao tse mpe tsa ho fokotseha ha bohahlauli ba Europe li ke ke tsa lefelloa ke keketseho ea bohahlauli ba Amerika Leboea.

Ponelopele ena e ts'ehetsoa ke tlhaiso-leseling e tsoang Europe mabapi le ho hlaphoheloa hoa sephethephethe sa lifofane Europe. Papiso lipakeng tsa lehlabula lena le lilemo tse fetileng e bonts'a hore ke 40% feela ea sephethephethe sa 2019 e fumanoeng, ka ntlafatso ha e bapisoa le 2020, ha pholiso e ne e le 27%. Hape ho lokela ho eketsoa hore sephethe-phethe sa moea le sona ha se sesupo se ts'oanang, hobane Europe ho bile le pholiso e fokolang ea sephethephethe se lokelang ho khahla Dominican Republic, e leng ea lifofane tse kenang linaheng tse ling. Ebile, tse ileng tsa fola haholo ke lifofane tsa Europe tse theko e tlase. Kajeno, li emela 71.4% ea kakaretso, ha lilemo tse peli tse fetileng li ne li emetse 57.1% feela, mme ha hoa lokela ho hlokomolohuoa hore libaka tse kenyang letsoho ho fetisisa sephethong sena, ka tsela e itseng, li emela mekhoa e meng ea tlhahiso ea bahahlauli ba Caribbean.

Ho sena o tlameha ho eketsa hore mehato ea European Green Pass ha e rate bohahlauli ho la Europe hobane vaksine e sebelisitsoeng haholo Dominican Republic, Sinovac ha e lumelle ho amohela Green Pass. Sena se kanna sa belaella, empa se ama karolo ea lefapha la maeto, hore setšoantšo se hlahang ke hore ho sa na le tsela e telele pele bohahlauli ba Dominican bo khutlela maemong a eona a pele ho lefu la seoa.

Ho tšepa ho hlaphoheloa ha boemo ba seoa sa pele ho moo ka lebaka la taolo ea lefu la seoa mohlomong ho na le ts'epo, mme ho sa tsotelehe, ho bonahala e ka se etsahale nakong e khuts'oane.

Sena se bolela hore, ntle le ho fana ka bohlokoa bo boholo ntlafatsong ea lintlha tse 'maloa tsa liperesente tsena, ho bohlokoa ho nahana ka maano a ts'ebetsong a shebileng bohareng ba nako ea 2023.

Tlaleho ea haufinyane ea Lekhotla la Lefatše la Tsamaiso le Bohahlauli e buella liketso tse potlakileng tsa mebuso, joalo ka ho tsetela le ho hohela matsete a lekala la poraefete ho litšebeletso tsa 'mele le tsa dijithale le ho khothaletsa likarolo tse itseng tsa maeto, joalo ka bohahlauli ba bongaka kapa bohahlauli ba MICE. Sena se bolela leano la lefats'e, le seng la lekala le kenyeletsang likarolo tse ling tsa sechaba.

Maikutlo a tšoanang a ile a etsoa likhoeling tse peli tse fetileng ke molaoli-kakaretso ea ikarabellang ho UNCTAD, a tsitlallela tlhokong ea ho nahana bocha ka mofuta oa nts'etsopele ea bohahlauli, ho khothaletsa bohahlauli ba naha le ba mahaeng, le ho etsa dijithale.

Meralo ea motheo e seng e ntse e le teng ka har'a naha e lumella liketso tsena, mme sena se hloka leano le matla la ho phahamisa, le hokahantsoeng le lekala la poraefete, ntle le ho khotsofatsoa ke hore hlaphohelo e itseng e ea etsahala. Taba ea hore mafelong a selemo sena ho bile le ba fihlang ba limilione tse 4.5 kapa tse limilione tse 5, e ntse e le nyane ha ho bapisoa le lilemo tse fetileng, e ke ke ea etsa phapang e kholo, ntle le haeba ho ka etsoa maemo a ts'ebetsong e matla ea lekala, e tla lumella naha ho boloka boemo ba eona bo etelletseng pele ho bohahlauli ba Caribbean.

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