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'E ikhethang', sebaka sa khale sa khale sa khale sa 9,000 se senotsoe Jordane

Letona la Jordane la Bohahlauli le Lintho tsa Khale Nayef Al-Fayez ka Labobeli o senotse ho sibolloa ke sehlopha se kopaneng sa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale sa Jordanian-French sa sebaka sa bolumeli sa lilemo tse 9,000 sebakeng se ka boroa-bochabela sa Badia.

Sebaka sena se ikhethile, ho ea ka letona; ke sebaka sa khale ka ho fetisisa se tsebahalang sa mofuta oa sona lefatšeng, se qalileng ka 7,000 BC.

E ne e le ea setso sa setsomi sa Neolithic se neng se sa tsejoe seo sehlopha se se bitsitseng Ghassan's (se reheletsoeng ka Talat Abu Ghassan, sebaka sa lehoatata se haufi le sona), se neng se tsoma ka ho sebelisa maraba a majoe. Sehlopha se ile sa fumana litšoantšo tsa khale ka ho fetisisa tse tsejoang tsa maraba a majoe sebakeng sena, tse nang le mabota a majoe a neng a tla hlongoa ho lisa phofu hore e be mekoallo.

Sebaka sena ke se seng sa likampo tsa khale ka ho fetisisa tse tsejoang tsa ho tsoma tsa kamehla. E na le lipalo tse peli tsa batho ba boholo ba bophelo tseo baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ba li bitsitseng Abu Ghassan le Ghassan.

Ho epolloa sebakeng seo ho ile ha fumanoa lintho tse ngata tse entsoeng ka matsoho, tse akarelletsang mesaletsa ea lintho tsa khale tsa metsing, lintho tsa ho bapala tsa liphoofolo, lisebelisoa “tse ikhethang” tsa lejoe le thata le “litofo” tseo ho lumeloang hore li ne li sebelisetsoa litšebeletso tsa bolumeli, baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ba boletse.

Morero ke boiteko bo kopanetsoeng ba Lekala la Bohahlauli, Lefapha la Lintho tsa Khale, Univesithi ea Al-Hussein Bin Talal, moemeli oa Fora, le Setsi sa Fora sa Archaeology.

"Jordane ke tšimoloho ea tsoelo-pele. E ntse e tsoela pele ho re makatsa ka se tsoang ka pōpelong ea eona le mobu oa eona o hloekileng (ka mokhoa oa) lintho tse ncha tsa ho epolloa ha lintho tsa khale," Fayez o itse, a phaella ka hore libaka tse kang tsena "li bonahatsa boitsebahatso ba rona, tsebo ea histori le litekanyetso tsa setso".

Libaka tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale tsa Jordane li na le "bohlokoa bo boholo sechabeng, setso le moruo" maemong a naha le a machaba, ho boletse letona.

"Libaka tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ke karolo ea bohlokoa historing, tsoelo-pele le boitsebiso," o ile a re, a totobatsa Ain Ghazal, sebaka sa Neolithic se Amman, se nkoang e le se seng sa libaka tsa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa tsa ho epolloa ha lintho tsa khale lefatšeng.

Lekala la bohahlauli ke motheo oa moruo oa ’Muso ona, ’me Lekala la Bohahlauli le Lintho tsa Khale le ikitlaelletsa ho ntlafatsa, ho nchafatsa, ho phelisa, le ho phahamisa bohahlauli le libaka tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale,” ho boletse Letona.

Motsamaisi-kakaretso oa Lefapha la Lintho tsa Khale Fadi Balawi o boletse hore Jordane ke setsi sa polokelo ea matsoho se bulehileng se nang le libaka tse fetang 15,000 tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale, e 'ngoe le e' ngoe "e emela karolo e nyenyane ea setšoantšo se pharaletseng sa histori ea rona".

Kaha "libaka tsa baepolli ba lintho tsa khale ke lisebelisoa tse sa tsosolositsoeng", ke mosebetsi oa lefapha ho "boloka, ho ithuta, ho hlahisa, le ho arolelana lintho tsa khale tsa Jordane le lefats'e", Balawi o itse.

Moemeli oa Fora ho Jordan Veronique Vouland-Aneini o ile a totobatsa tšebelisano e behang litholoana pakeng tsa Jordane le Fora ka ho fana ka leseli libakeng tsa khale tsa khale tsa Jordane, ho hopotsa hore lihlopha tse ngata tsa lipatlisiso tsa Mafora li 'nile tsa sebetsa libakeng tse' maloa tsa 'Muso, libaka tse khutlelang mehleng ea pele ho Mamluk. nako.

Mopresidente oa Univesithi ea Al-Hussein Bin Talal Atef Al-Kharabsheh o boletse hore litšibollo tse e-s'o ka tsa e-ba teng tse sibolloang ke baepolli ba lintho tsa khale li bile teng ka lebaka la lilemo tsa lipatlisiso tsa masimong. O hatelletse hore yunivesithi e tla tsoelapele ho ts'ehetsa merero eohle ea masimong e kenyang letsoho ho utolleng lefa la setso le nalane la Jordane lefats'eng.

Tse ling mabapi le Bohahlauli ba Jordane tlanya mona ho Etela Jordane.

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Mokha oa Juergen T Steinmetz

Juergen Thomas Steinmetz esale a sebetsa indastering ea maeto le ea bohahlauli ho tloha ha a le lilemong tsa bocha Jeremane (1977).
O thehile eTurboNews ka 1999 e le leselinyana la pele le fumanehang marang-rang bakeng sa indasteri ea bohahlauli ea maeto a lefats'e.

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