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Sebetsa sa bohlokoa ka ho fetisisa khahlanong le mafu

ngotsoeng ke mohlophisi

Bohloeki bo bohlokoa ho loantšeng mefuta eohle ea mafu, ho kenyeletsoa COVID-19, empa baetsi ba melaoana le ba bang ba hloleha ho tsetela, ho e khothaletsa le ho e etsa lipatlisiso, ho bolela litsebi tsa bohloeki Setsing sa Reckitt Global Hygiene. Sebakeng seo, liente, lithibela-mafu le liphekolo tse ling li nka karolo ea mantlha li siea karolo ena ea bohlokoa ea bophelo e ntse e fokotseha.             

Bohloeki, ho ea ka RGHI, ke maemo le mekhoa e thusang ho boloka bophelo bo botle le ho thibela ho ata ha mafu.

"Re hlaba mokhosi ho bolela ntle le haeba re eketsa matsete a bohloeki hona joale mehato e meng ea rona ea bophelo bo botle e tla re fihlela ho fihlela joale," ho boletse Dame Sally Davies, Moemeli ea Khethehileng oa UK mabapi le Antimicrobial Resistance. Ha rea ​​lokela ho sebelisa lithibela-mafu hobane feela motho a sa khone kapa a sa hlatsoe matsoho hantle.

Mafu a kang k'holera, typhoid, tšoaetso ea seboko sa mala le pholio kaofela a ka tšoaetsoa ka lebaka la ho se hloeke hantle. Joalo ka ha feberu le sefuba se tloaelehileng le tsona, ehlile, COVID-19. Le hoja ho hlapa matsoho ho utloahala ho le bonolo esita le ka metsi a hloekileng, ho nka mekhoa e tloaelehileng ho hloka boitšoaro le phetoho ea sechaba ka har'a sechaba. Sena ha se kamehla ho leng bonolo ho se fihlela, haholo-holo haeba ho na le khaello ea lisebelisoa, tsebo le bokhoni.

"Ke ka lebaka leo lipatlisiso tse eketsehileng, matsete le tlhokomelo li hlokahalang sebakeng sa bohloeki," Simon Sinclair, Motsamaisi e Moholo oa RGHI o itse. “Ho ntse ho e-na le lipokotho lefatšeng ka bophara moo ho nang le likheo tse ngata tsa metsi a hloekileng le bohloeki. Sena se tlameha ho lokisoa haeba re tla fihlela mehato ea bohlokoahali ea bophelo bo botle joalo ka bophelo bo botle bakeng sa bohle ka 2030, ho latela Lipakane tsa Ntlafatso e Tsoelang Pele tsa Machaba a Kopaneng. ”

Ho latela Mokhatlo oa Lefatše oa Bophelo, likolo tse peli ho tse 2 le setsi se le seng ho tse 5 lefatšeng ka bophara li ntse li haelloa ke libaka tsa motheo tsa ho hlapa matsoho. Joale, ho na le metse e hlokang metsi a hloekileng a ho itlhatsoa, ​​e phelang haufi le liphoofolo, kapa eo libaka tsa eona tsa bolulo li nang le fatše; tseo kaofela li bakang mathata a ho boloka bohloeki bo botle.

Ho feta moo, basali ba limilione tse 500, banana le batho ba eang khoeling ha ba na seo ba se hlokang ho laola nako ea bona ea ho ilela khoeli - phihlello ea lits'ebeletso tsa WASH, tlhahisoleseling le lisebelisoa tsa bohloeki.

“Ho na le ho hongata ho lokelang ho etsoa mabapi le bohloeki lefatšeng ka bophara ntle le ho fana ka metsi le sesepa. E le mohato oa pele, re lokela ho tseba hore na litšitiso ke life ho lokisa liqholotso tsena le ho rarolla likheo tsena. Seo se hloka lipatlisiso. Ho tloha moo, baetsi ba melao-motheo le lihlooho ba ka fana ka lichelete ho felisa litaba tsena, "Moprofesa Albert Ko, Moprofesa le Molula-setulo oa Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health o itse: "Ntle le haeba sena se etsahala, bophelo bo botle ba sechaba bo tla tsoela pele ho ba teng. kotsing, re tla be re sa itokisetsa seoa se tlang, 'me moruo o tla putlama. ”

“Ho sa ntse ho e-na le mosebetsi o molelele oa ho ntlafatsa phihlello ea metsi le sesepa bakeng sa bohloeki bo ntlafetseng. E le mohato oa pele, re lokela ho tseba hore na litšitiso ke life ho lokisa liqholotso tsena le ho rarolla likheo tsena. Seo se hloka lipatlisiso. Ho tloha moo, baetsi ba melaoana le lihlooho ba ka fana ka lichelete hamolemo ho felisa litaba tsena, "Sinclair a tsoela pele. Ntle le haeba sena se etsahala, bophelo bo botle ba sechaba bo tla tsoela pele ho ba kotsing, re tla be re sa itokisetsa seoa se tlang, 'me moruo o tla putlama."

RGHI, motheo o sa etseng phaello o qalileng ka 2020, o ikemiselitse ho ts'ehetsa ho tlatsoa ha likheo tseo ka ho ts'ehetsa tlhahiso ea lipatlisiso tsa boleng bo holimo, tsa mahlale tse lekola likamano lipakeng tsa bohloeki le bophelo bo botle. Tekolo ea moruo ea mehato ea ho hlapa matsoho e ka ntlafatsoa joang? Liphello tsa bophelo bo botle ba ho ilela khoeli le litlhoko tsa bohloeki ho bophelo bo botle le thuto ke life? Ke katleho efe ea matsapa a etelletsoeng pele ke sechaba mabapi le mekhoa ea bohloeki maemong a meputso e tlase? Na ho na le mokhoa oa ho ntlafatsa tsamaiso ea likhoho ho fokotsa ho pepesetsoa mantle?

Tsena ke tse ling tsa lipotso tseo sehlopha sa pele sa Setheo sa basebetsi ba bahlano se tla leka ho li araba lilemong tse tharo tse tlang. Sepheo ke ho thusa ho tsebisa lenaneo la lefats'e la bophelo bo botle ha le ntse le lebisa tlhokomelong ea mekhoa e metle le e tsitsitseng ea bohloeki lefatšeng ka bophara.

"Mehato e meng e kang ena, e batlang ka ho khetheha ho koala likheo tse kholo tseo re nang le tsona tsa bohloeki, lia hlokahala. Ha e le hantle, ho na le likarolo tse ling tsa ho kenella ka bophelo bo botle tse bohlokoa ka ho lekana empa ho fihlela joale bohloeki bo hlokomolohuoa ha bo e-na le matla a ho ntlafatsa bophelo bo botle ba batho le ts'ireletso ea lijo lefatšeng ka bophara, kahoo ho ntlafatsa moruo, "Sinclair o ile a qetella.

Lipatlisiso tsa Bangladesh li fumane hore 4% e hakanyetsoang ea GDP ka motho ka mong e sebelisoa kalafong ea letšollo.

Ho sa tsotellehe boleng bo ka bang teng sechabeng ka ho tsetela mekhoeng e ntlafetseng ea bohloeki, ho na le khaello ea lichelete. Banka ea Lefatše e hakantse hore ho fihlela tsamaiso ea likhoerekhoere e lekaneng le e lekanang le bohloeki bakeng sa bohle - e leng sepheo sa 6 sa Ntšetso-pele e tsitsitseng hammoho le metsi a hloekileng bakeng sa bohle - ho tla hlokahala hore ho be le chelete e eketsehileng ea liranta tse limilione tse likete tse 114 selemo le selemo. Ena ke matsete a makhetlo a mararo hona joale.

Linaha tse kang Uganda hajoale li beha 3% ea tekanyetso ea naha ho metsi le tikoloho e amang bohloeki, 'me Malawi e tlase joalo ka 1.5%.

“Haeba seoa sena se re bontšitse ho hong, ke kamoo bohloeki bo leng bohlokoa kateng bophelong ba rona. Ho bohlokoa hore re tsoele pele ka mekhoa ea bohloeki e hahiloeng nakong ena mme re tsoele pele ho netefatsa hore motho e mong le e mong o na le seo a se hlokang ho boloka bohloeki bo botle le bophelo bo botle, "ho boletse Moprofesa Ko. "Re khothaletsa baetapele ba lefats'e ho ela hloko bohloeki joalo ka sebetsa sa bohlokoa khahlano le livaerase, ts'oaetso le mafu."

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mohlophisi

Mohlophisi e moholo oa eTurboNew ke Linda Hohnholz. O lula ntlong e kholo ea eTN e Honolulu, Hawaii.

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