Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Tanzania e Tšehetsa Likoloi tse Ncha tsa Motlakase, E Spurring Ecotourism

Setšoantšo se amoheloa ke A.Ihucha

Bahahlauli ba Tanzania ba ntse ba holisa takatso ea bona ea likoloi tsa motlakase tsa maemo a holimo le tse baballang tikoloho boitekong ba bona ba ho fokotsa tlhahiso, ho fokotsa tefiso ea ho reka oli le ho khothaletsa indasteri ea bohahlauli ba tikoloho.

Molula-setulo oa Tanzania Association of Tour Operators (TATO), Monghali Wilbard Chambulo, o itse ha tsohle li tsamaea hantle, merero ke ho ntša lipakeng tsa 50 le 60% ea makoloi a hakanyetsoang ho 100,000 a jereng bahahlauli ka 2027. Ena ke karolo ea boikitlaetso ba bona ba morao-rao. botala le ho theola tšilafalo ea likoloi ka har'a 22 national parks.

Lintlha tse molaong tse tsoang Lefapheng la Lihloliloeng le Bohahlauli li bontša hore Tanzania ke lehae la bahahlauli ba 1,875 ba nang le mangolo a tumello. "Re tla amohela likoloi tsa elektronike haholo, hobane theknoloji ea trailblazing ke bokamoso ba lipalangoang. E fana ka melemo e mengata mabapi le paballo, moruo, le bohahlauli,” Monghali Chambulo o boletse joalo nakoana kamor’a ho thakholoa ha lets’olo la e-motion ho bahahlauli le hlophisitsoeng ke TATO. 

Molula-setulo oa mokhatlo o motle o nang le litho tsa 300-plus naheng ka bophara o itse likoloi tsa motlakase li tla eketsa boleng sebakeng sa Tanzania, kaha bahahlauli ba ntse ba rata libaka tsa bohahlauli tse loketseng tikoloho. Kua Fora, phuputso ea morao tjena e bontša hore karolo ea 54 lekholong ea batho ba ikemiselitseng ho etela linaheng tse ling bakeng sa matsatsi a phomolo ba nahana ka libaka tsa bohahlauli tse bolokang tikoloho.

Hape, Lenaneo la Tikoloho la Machaba a Kopaneng (UNEP) le phatlalalitse Costa Rica ka lithane tse 1.7 tsa carbon dioxide e tsoang ho motho ka mong, ha ho bapisoa le lithane tse 0.2 feela tsa Tanzania, e le mohapi oa Moputso oa 2019 oa Moputso oa Lefatše, o fa naha sebaka sa thekiso e le sebaka se holimo sa ecotourism. Ka lebaka leo, Costa Rica e ile ea hohela bahahlauli ba limilione tse 3.14 selemong sona seo, ba fumana $ 3.4 limilione tse likete, ha ba bapisoa le bahahlauli ba limilione tse 1.5 ba etelang Tanzania ba nang le mocheso o fokolang oa carbon dioxide. Sena se bolela hore ha sebaka seo u eang ho sona se bonoa e le se setala, se hohela bohahlauli le ho feta.

Likoloi tsa motlakase (e-cars) ke theknoloji e sa lefelloeng ea carbon monoxide e leng likoloi tse ka tšeptjoang le tse phutholohileng ho itšetlehile feela ka lisebelisoa tsa letsatsi ho tsamaisa enjene ea eona. Litsebi li re koloi ea elektronike e fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa tlhokomelo, 'me ha e sebelise mafura, kaha e lefisoa ka 100% ka lebaka la lisebelisoa tsa letsatsi. Sena se bolela hore batsamaisi ba maeto, Libaka tsa Naha tsa Tanzania (TANAPA), Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA), le Tanzania Wildlife Management Authority (TAWA) likoloi li lokela ho fetoloa likoloi tsa motlakase 'me li tla fokotsa haholo tlhahiso, ho fokotsa bili ea theko ea oli, le ho susumetsa bohahlauli ba tikoloho.

Tlhahlobo ea khoeli le khoeli ea Banka ea Tanzania ea moruo e bonts'a hore selemong se qetellang ka Mphalane 2021, theko ea oli e tsoang kantle ho naha e eketsehile ka liperesente tse 28.4 ho isa ho $1,815.5 milione haholo ka lebaka la litlamorao tsa theko, joalo ka ha litheko tsa oli e tala li nyolohetse ho $82.1 barrel ka Mphalane 2021, e tšehelitsoe ke tlhokahalo e ntseng e eketseha har'a lisebelisoa tse thata. Tanzania e reka kantle ho naha hoo e ka bang lilithara tse libilione tse 3.5 tsa lihlahisoa tsa peterole e hloekisitsoeng selemo le selemo: peterole, diesel, parafine, Jet-A1, le Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO).

Khamphani ea bohahlauli ea Mount Kilimanjaro Safari Club (MKSC) e phatlalalitse likoloi tsa safari tsa motlakase tsa pele tsa 100% sebakeng sa Afrika Bochabela ka 2018, mme Motsamaisi oa eona, Monghali Dennis Lebouteux, a paka hore ehlile o netefalitse hore theknoloji e sebetsa Afrika, joalo ka ha. ke boemo ba Europe moo ho nang le meaho ea motheo e seng e entsoe.

"Ka likoloi tse robong, re sebetsa lik'hilomithara tse ka bang 12,000 ka khoeli kaha seoa sa COVID-19 se fokolitse mosebetsi oa rona. Re sebelisitse chelete e ka holimo ho $2,000 ho reka likarolo tse ling ka lilemo tse 4,” Monghali Lebouteux o ile a re, “Ho tsamaisa koloi ea elektronike ho ka boloka karolelano ea $8,000 10,000 ho ea ho $XNUMX XNUMX ka peterole feela ka selemo.”

"Likoloi tsa e-safari tse khutsitseng le tse se nang tikoloho li ka atamela liphoofolo tse hlaha ntle le ho li sitisa."

Litsi tse tharo, e leng Hanspaul Group, Carwatt, le Gadgetronix, le tsona li kopile Arusha Technical College boitekong ba tsona ba ho eketsa palo ea litsebi tse khonang ho fana ka litšebeletso le ho hlokomela likoloi tsa elektronike. Difeme tse tharo tse nang le bokgoni le boitsebelo bo ikgethang, e nngwe le e nngwe ya tsona e se e kene morerong o bitswang E-Motion wa ho fetolela ditsamaiso tsa dikoloi tsa peterole le disele hore e be tsa motlakase, e leng se etsang hore Tanzania e be naha ya bobedi Afrika e ka borwa ho Sahara ka mora Aforika Borwa ho sebedisa dikoloi tsa motlakase. bakeng sa safaris.

Le hoja Hanspaul Group e ntse e le khoebong ea ho etsa 'mele ea safari van le likoloi tse ling tse khethehileng ka lilemo tse fetang 4 hona joale, Carwatt, k'hamphani ea theknoloji e thehiloeng Fora, e na le tsebo e kholo ea likoloi tsa motlakase 'me e khutliselitse likoloi tse' maloa. Gadgetronix, k'hamphani ea Tanzania e sebetsanang le tharollo ea matla, e kentse mapolasi a letsatsi a fihlang ho 1 MW, har'a merero e meng e hlokomelehang. Maikutlo a Koleche ea Tekheniki ea Arusha, eo e leng setho sa boto ea E-Motion, ke ho fana ka boiphihlelo, lipatlisiso, le ts'ebetsong e sebetsang ho baithuti. 

"Re ntse re hlahloba kharikhulamo ea koleche ho kenyelletsa likarolo tse ncha tsa theknoloji, ho kenyeletsoa likoloi tsa motlakase," ho netefalitse Moenjiniere David Mtunguja, Hlooho ea Lefapha la Likoloi kolecheng, mme a eketsa ka hore kharikhulamo e ntlafalitsoeng e tla qala ts'ebetsong ka Mphalane selemong sena ho ea kolecheng e ne e tla fetoloa e-koloi.

Likhampani tse tharo ka morero oa E-Motion li kene letšolong la ka leboea ho Tanzania la ho hohela bo-ramatsete ba indasteri ea bohahlauli hore ba nahane ka ho khutlisetsa libene tsa bona tsa khale tsa bahahlauli likoloing tse ncha tsa motlakase. Retrofit ke theknoloji e bohlale eo ka eona lienjiniere li tlosang enjene e tukang, phala ea ho tima, tanka ea mafura le likarolo tse ling tsa koloi ea khale ho li nkela sebaka ka sistimi ea motlakase e nang le enjene ea motlakase, sistimi ea betri, tjhaja e ka har'a board le pontsho ya tlhahisoleseding.

"Ha u rekisa koloi ea hau ea khale, e tla khutlela 'marakeng 'me mohlomong e ka u ntša kotsi," Monghali Hasnain Sajan, Mookameli oa Gradgetronix, o ile a bolella basebetsi ba bohahlauli ha a ne a emisa letšolo la Arusha Hotel e tsejoang e le Four Point ke Sheraton.

Likoloi tsa motlakase li ke ke tsa fetola feela boiphihlelo ba ho khanna ba bahahlauli hore e be nako e nang le khotso, boreleli, le boikarabello ba tikoloho, empa hape li tla fokotsa litšenyehelo tsa ts'ebetso ea mohahlauli le ho mo lata likalimo tsa khabone.

“Likoloi tsa motlakase ha li je mafura ebile ha li hloke litšebeletso tsa enjene. Ha li hlahise lerata kapa monko,” ho boletse Mong. Sajan. O ile a imolla tšabo ea bohahlauli ea ho chacha likoloi tsa motlakase, a re morero ona o tla kenya liteishene tse lekaneng litseleng tsa bohahlauli.

“Rōna ba tšimong ea paballo ha re batle mesi le lerata; ho sebelisa theknoloji ena ke habohlokoa haholo,” Mokomishinara oa Paballo ea Tšireletso ea Sebaka sa Paballo ea Ngorongoro, Dr. Freddy Manongi, o kile a rialo puisanong.

E-Motion e se e hahile liteishene tsa ho nchafatsa likoloi tsa motlakase Motseng oa Arusha le teropong ea Mugumu hammoho le libakeng tse ling tsa bohahlauli, ho kenyeletsoa Letša la Manyara le Tarangire National Park le libaka tsa bohlokoa tsa Serengeti National Park le Ngorongoro Conservation Area, e leng Seronera, Ndutu, Naabi le Kogatende. Bonyane bahahlauli ba bararo, ba fetotseng likoloi tsa bona, ba sebelisa liteishene tsa ho tjhaja.

Le hoja Miracle Experience Balloon Safaris e fetotse e 'ngoe ea likoloi tsa eona tsa safari ho tsamaisa bahahlauli ho ea lirapeng tsa boikhathollo tsa naha, Kibo Guides e sebelisane le E-Motion ho khutlisa e 'ngoe ea likoloi tsa eona tse 100 tsa safari. Tanzania National Parks e file Land Cruisers tse 'ne tsa E-Motion ho li fetola le ho aha seteishene sa ho tjhaja bahlokomeli ho etsa ts'ebetso ea bona ka khutso khahlanong le ho tsoma ntle ho molao le setsi sa paballo ho boloka limilione tsa lichelete tsa lichelete ho litšebeletso le tlhokomelo ea mafura le likoloi.

E-Motion e boetse e fetola bese hore e be koloi e se nang mosi bakeng sa ho lata baithuti le basebetsi le ho e tjhaja letsatsing motšeare e loketse ho ba lata hape mantsiboea ho ba khutlisetsa hae. Khampani e fana ka karolo e le 'ngoe ea lijaja tse nkehang habonolo tsa 3 KWH bakeng sa ho tjhaja kae kapa kae, 20 KWH lijaja tsa lebota bakeng sa ts'ebeliso ea kahare le kantle, le 50 KW super charger tse tsamaisoang ke liphanele tsa letsatsi kapa ka kotloloho ho tsoa marang-rang liteisheneng tsa ka mehla hore li behoe ka nepo. naha.

Koloi e nang le libeteri tsa 36 KWH ho isa ho tse 100 tsa KWH e na le sebaka se pakeng tsa lik'hilomithara tse 120 ho isa ho tse 350 ho ipapisitsoe le sebaka le litšitiso tse fihletsoeng. Ho nka lihora tse 4 ho isa ho tse 8 ho e nchafatsa ka botlalo.

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Adam Ihucha - eTN Tanzania

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