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Tlaleho e Ncha: Ho Khetholla Alzheimer's ea Pele ho Botsofali bo Tloaelehileng

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The Alzheimer's Association 2022 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures e tlaleha lintlha tse ncha tse amanang le liqholotso tseo lingaka le batho ba Amerika ba tobaneng le tsona mabapi le ho utloisisa le ho hlahloba bothata bo fokolang ba kelello (MCI), bo khetholloang ka liphetoho tse poteletseng mohopolong le monahanong. Ho hakanngoa hore 10% ho isa ho 15% ea batho ba nang le MCI ba tsoela pele ho ba le 'dementia' selemo le selemo. 'Me ha boholo ba baahi ba US ba lilemo li 65 le ho feta bo ntse bo eketseha (ho tloha ho limilione tse 58 ka 2021 ho ea ho limilione tse 88 ka 2050), ho tla ba joalo le ka palo le karolo ea Maamerika a nang le lefu la Alzheimer kapa 'dementia' e meng e fuoang kotsi e eketsehileng ea 'dementia' ka botsofali. .

Tlaleho ea selemo le selemo ea Lintlha le Lipalo e fana ka pono e tebileng ea lipalo-palo tsa morao-rao tsa naha le tsa naha mabapi le ho ata ha lefu la Alzheimer, lefu, tlhokomelo le litšenyehelo tsa tlhokomelo. Tlaleho ea selemo sena e boetse e kenyelletsa karolo e ncha ea basebetsi ba tlhokomelo ea 'dementia'. Tlaleho e khethehileng e tsamaeang le eona, Ho Feta Botsofali bo Tloaelehileng: Ho utloisisa Bofokoli bo Bonolo ba Kelello (MCI), ka lekhetlo la pele e ile ea hlahloba kutloisiso ea lingaka tsa sechaba le tsa mantlha (PCP) mabapi le tlhokomeliso ea lefatše la 'nete, tlhahlobo le kalafo ea MCI le MCI ka lebaka la Alzheimer's. lefu United States.

"Bofokoli bo fokolang ba kelello hangata bo ferekanngoa le 'botsofali bo tloaelehileng,' empa hase karolo ea botsofali bo tloaelehileng," ho boletse Maria Carrillo, Ph.D., ofisiri e kholo ea saense, Alzheimer's Association. "Ho khetholla pakeng tsa mathata a kelello a bakoang ke botsofali bo tloaelehileng, ba amanang le MCI le ba amanang le MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer's ke habohlokoa ho thusa batho ka bomong, malapa a bona le lingaka ho itokisetsa phekolo le tlhokomelo ea nako e tlang."

Ho hakanngoa hore 12% ho 18% ea batho ba lilemo li 60 kapa ho feta ba na le MCI. Le hoja batho ba bang ba nang le MCI ba khutlela kutloisisong e tloaelehileng kapa ba lula ba tsitsitse, liphuputso li fana ka maikutlo a hore 10% ho isa ho 15% ea batho ba nang le MCI ba tsoela pele ho ba le 'dementia' selemo le selemo. Hoo e ka bang karolo ea boraro ea batho ba nang le MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer ba ba le 'dementia' ea Alzheimer nakong ea lilemo tse hlano. Ho tseba hore na ke batho bafe ba phelang le MCI ba nang le menyetla e mengata ea ho ba le 'dementia' ke sepheo se seholo sa lipatlisiso tsa morao-rao, tse ka 'nang tsa etsa hore mafu a kenelle pele le kalafo.

Ho hloka tlhokomeliso empa ho ntse ho ameha

Kopano ea maeto a lefats'e ka bophara Mmaraka oa maeto oa Lefatše London o khutlile! Mme o memilwe. Ona ke monyetla oa hau oa ho hokahana le basebetsi-'moho le uena indastering, marang-rang a lithaka, ho ithuta lintlha tsa bohlokoa le ho fihlela katleho ea khoebo ka matsatsi a 3 feela! Ngolisa ho boloka sebaka sa hau kajeno! e tla etsahala ho tloha ka la 7-9 Pulungoana 2022. Ngodisa hona joale!

Ho sa tsotellehe ho ata har'a Maamerika a tsofetseng, tlaleho e ncha e fumane ho feta 4 ho 5 Maamerika (82%) a tseba ho fokolang haholo kapa ha a tloaelane le MCI. Ha ba khothaletsoa ka tlhaloso ea MCI, ba fetang halofo (55%) ba re MCI e utloahala e le "botsofali bo tloaelehileng."

Ha MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer e hlalosoa, hoo e ka bang halofo ea ba arabelitsoeng (42%) ba bontša ho tšoenyeha ka ho e hlahisa nakong e tlang. Leha ho na le matšoenyeho ana, bongata bo boholo (85%) bo ka batla ho ithuta ka lefu la Alzheimer qalong ea nts'etsopele ea lona, ​​​​ebang ke nakong ea MCI phase (54%) kapa boemo bo fokolang ba 'dementia' (31%).

Mathata a puisano le tlhahlobo

Liphuputso tse ling li totobatsa hore na ke hobane'ng ha batho ba nang le matšoao a MCI ba leqe ho buisana le lingaka tsa bona, tse tobanang le mathata a sa khaotseng ho hlahloba bakuli ba bona. Har'a tse fumanoeng:

• Ba ka tlase ho halofo ea ba arabelitsoeng (40%) ba boletse hore ba tla bona ngaka hang-hang haeba ba e-na le matšoao a MCI, athe bongata (60%) ba tla ema kapa ba se ke ba bona ngaka ho hang.

• Hoo e ka bang 8 ho ba 10 ba arabelitsoeng (78%) ba bontšitse ho tšoenyeha ka ho bona ngaka bakeng sa matšoao a MCI, ba qotsa mabaka a kang ho tšaba ho fumana tlhahlobo e fosahetseng (28%); ho ithuta ba na le bothata bo tebileng (27%); tšabo ea ho fumana phekolo e sa hlokahaleng (26%); kapa matšoao a lumelang a tla rarolla ka nako (23%).

• 75% ea li-PCP li re li ka pele ho fana ka tlhokomelo ho bakuli ba MCI. Leha ho le joalo, ke karolo ea bobeli ho tse tharo feela e ikutloang e phutholohile ho araba lipotso tsa mokuli tse amanang le MCI (65%) le/kapa ho buisana ka hore na MCI e ka amana joang le lefu la Alzheimer (60%).

• Li-PCP li ikemiselitse ho ithuta ho eketsehileng ka MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer le ho bona melemo e hlakileng ea ho etsa tlhahlobo e itseng (90%). Leha ho le joalo, karolo e fetang karolo ea boraro ea li-PCPs (77%) e tlaleha MCI ka lebaka la ho ba thata ho fumana lefu la Alzheimer, 'me halofo (51%) hangata ha e ikutloe e phutholohile ho e hlahloba.

"Ho utloisisa le ho lemoha ho fokola ha kelello ho fokolang ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer ho bohlokoa hobane ho fana ka monyetla oa pejana oa ho kenella ho tsoelang pele ha lefu la Alzheimer," Carrillo o itse. "Le hoja hona joale ho se na pheko ea lefu la Alzheimer, ho kenella pejana ho fana ka monyetla oa ho laola lefu lena hantle le ho tsoela pele butle nakong eo batho ba sebetsang ka boikemelo le ho boloka bophelo bo botle." 

Maikutlo a morabe le morabe

Matšoenyeho le pherekano ho potoloha MCI li bonahala ho batho ba fapaneng hape:

• Tlhokomeliso le kutloisiso ea MCI li tlase ho pholletsa le merabe eohle le merabe e entsoeng lipatlisiso: Ma-White Americans (18%), Maasia a Amerika (18%), Matsoalloa a Amerika (18%), Ma-Amerika a Matšo (18%) le Ma-Hispanics (17%). .

• Hispanic (79%) le Black (80%) Maamerika a tlaleha hore ba batla ho tseba hore na ba ne ba e-na le lefu la Alzheimer nakong ea pele (MCI kapa dementia e bonolo ea Alzheimer), e tlaase hanyenyane ha e bapisoa le White (88%) le Asia (84). %) le Matsoalloa a Amerika (84%).

• Maasia (54%) le Hispanic (52%) Maamerika a ka 'na a tšoenyeha ka ho hlahisa MCI ha a bapisoa le Matsoalloa (47%), White (45%) le Black Americans (44%).

• Maasia (50%), Hispanic (49%) le Black (47%) Maamerika a ka 'na a tšoenyeha ka ho hlahisa MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer's, e lateloa ke Native (41%) le White Americans (39%).

• Ho fumana tlhahlobo e fosahetseng e ne e le bothata bo ka sehloohong ba ho se bone ngaka hang-hang bakeng sa matšoao a MCI har'a Asia (38%), Black (31%) le White Americans (27%). Lebaka le ka sehloohong le boletsoeng ke Maspanishe (27%) le Matsoalloa a Amerika (31%) e ne e le ho ithuta hore ba ka ba le bothata bo tebileng.

• Ka kakaretso, 43% ea Maamerika a qotsa ho nka karolo litekong tsa bongaka e le lebaka la ho hlahlojoa kapele ha lefu la Alzheimer's. Leha ho le joalo, Ma-Amerika a Makhooa (50%) a ne a e-na le menyetla e imenneng habeli ho feta ea Ma-Hispanics (25%) ea ho qotsa ho nka karolo tekong ea bongaka e le lebaka la ho hlahlojoa kapele, ho lateloe ke Maasia (40%), Matsoalloa (35%) le Ma-Amerika a Matšo (32%). ).

"Liteko tsa bongaka li bohlokoa ho utloisisa haholoanyane ka liphekolo le tlhokomelo ea lefu la Alzheimer ea hajoale le e ka bang teng," ho boletse Carrillo. "Ha lipatlisiso li ntse li potlakisa, re hloka ho rarolla mathata a setso hantle, litaba tsa phihlello le lintlha tse ling ho netefatsa ho nka karolo ho eketsehileng litekong tsa bongaka har'a litso tsohle, haholo-holo har'a batho ba fapaneng."

Bohlokoa ba ho kenella pele ho nako, litlhahiso tsa ngaka

Ho ba arabetseng lipatlisiso ba neng ba batla ho ithuta ka lefu la Alzheimer nakong ea MCI, ba fetang halofo (70%) ba hlokometse tlhoko ea moralo le menyetla ea kalafo. Ho hlahlojoa pele ho nako ho fa malapa nako ea ho etsa liqeto tsa molao, tsa lichelete le tsa tlhokomelo bakeng sa bokamoso, ho latela lintho tseo mokuli a amehileng ka tsona le lintho tse tlang pele bophelong ba hae, 'me ho amahanngoa le litšenyehelo tse tlaase tsa tlhokomelo ea bophelo ka kakaretso. Ho phaella moo, boholo ba li-PCP (86%) li boletse hore ho kenella pele ho nako ho ka fokotsa tsoelo-pele ea ho fokotseha ha kelello.

Leha ho le joalo, ke 1 feela ho 5 PCPs (20%) e tlalehang hore e tloaelane le liteko tsa meriana tse fumanehang ho bakuli ba bona ba MCI, 'me ke 1 feela ho 4 PCPs (23%) e reng e tloaelane le mekhoa e mecha ea phekolo ea ho sebetsana le MCI ka lebaka la Alzheimer's. lefu. Ha MCI e fumanoa, li-PCP hangata li khothaletsa liphetoho tsa mokhoa oa bophelo (73%).

"Ho na le mosebetsi o mongata o lokelang ho etsoa ha ho tluoa tabeng ea ho holisa boitokisetso ba lingaka tsa tlhokomelo ea mantlha bakeng sa ho fumana bokooa ba kelello, ho kenyeletsoa MCI le MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer's, haholo-holo ha tsoelo-pele ea tlhahlobo e ntse e etsoa," ho boletse Morgan Daven, motlatsi oa mopresidente, tsamaiso ea bophelo bo botle. , Mokhatlo oa Alzheimer. Sena se kenyelletsa tlhokomeliso ea lingaka tsa tlhokomelo ea mantlha mabapi le liphekolo tse ncha tse ka bang teng le ho nka karolo ha mokuli litekong le lipatlisisong tse amanang le lefu la Alzheimer's.

Pono ea bokamoso le menyetla

Leha lefu la Alzheimer le ntse le tsoela pele ho ba le batho ka bomong le malapa naheng ka bophara, bakuli le li-PCP ba fana ka tšepo ea hore liphekolo tse ncha tsa ho loantša lefu la Alzheimer li haufi. Lipatlisiso li fumane hore batho ba fetang 7 ho ba 10 ba Amerika (73%) ba lebeletse hore phekolo e ncha e tla lieha ho ata ha lefu la Alzheimer e tla ba teng lilemong tse leshome tse tlang. Ho feta halofo ea Maamerika a lumela hore ho tla ba le liphekolo tse ncha ho emisa tsoelo-pele (60%) le ho thibela (53%) lefu la Alzheimer's. Har'a li-PCP, 82% e lebelletse hore ho tla ba le liphekolo tse ncha ho liehisa ho ata ha lefu la Alzheimer nakong ea lilemo tse leshome tse tlang. Ho feta halofo ea li-PCPs (54%) li lebeletse hore ho tla ba le mekhoa ea phekolo ea ho emisa tsoelo-pele ea mafu 'me 42% e lumela hore ho tla ba le mekhoa ea phekolo ea ho thibela lefu la Alzheimer's.

Lilemo tse mashome a mabeli tse fetileng li tšoaile keketseho ea nts'etsopele ea sehlopha se secha sa meriana e shebaneng le baeloji ea motheo 'me e ikemiselitse ho liehisa tsoelo-pele ea lefu la Alzheimer's. Ho tloha ka Hlakola 2022, ho na le liphekolo tse 104 tsa ho fetola mafu tse ntseng li hlahlojoa litekong tsa bongaka kapa methating e fapaneng ea tumello ea taolo. Liphekolo tsena tse ka bang teng li reretsoe ho liehisa tsoelo-pele ea MCI ka lebaka la lefu la Alzheimer's le dementia e bobebe ea Alzheimer, ho latela Mokhatlo oa Alzheimer's.

Tšusumetso ea COVID-19

Tlaleho e boetse e hlahlobile tšusumetso e mpe eo seoa sa COVID-19 se bileng le eona ho batho ba phelang le lefu la Alzheimer's. Leha ho sa tsejoe hore na COVID-19 e tla ama palo le palo ea batho ba US ba nang le Alzheimer's joang, COVID-19 e bile le phello e kholo ho lefu la Alzheimer's le dementia e meng. Ho latela tlaleho, ho bile le batho ba eketsehileng ba 44,729 ba bolailoeng ke lefu la Alzheimer's le dementia e 'ngoe ka 2020 ha ho bapisoa le karolelano ea lilemo tse hlano tse fetileng - keketseho ea 17%.

Tlaleho e totobatsa lintlha tsa pele le tse sa tloaelehang tse bontšang hore seoa sena le sona se na le litlamorao tse mpe ho bahlokomeli ba bangata ba malapa. E hlokomela liphephetso tsa tlhokomelo e amanang le seoa, ho kenyelletsa ho koaloa ha litsi tsa tlhokomelo ea batho ba baholo le ho se khonehe ha malapa ho etela kapa ho buisana le beng ka bona maemong a tlhokomelo ea nako e telele, ho bakile "khatello ea maikutlo le litholoana tse ling tse mpe har'a bahlokomeli."

Lintlha tse ling tse tsoang tlalehong li kenyelelitsoe ka tlase 'me lipalo-palo tse phahameng ka ho ata ha lefu la Alzheimer, ho shoa, litšenyehelo tsa tlhokomelo, tlhokomelo le basebetsi ba tlhokomelo ea 'dementia' li fumaneha mona. Temana e felletseng ea tlaleho ea 2022 ea Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures, ho kenyeletsoa le tlaleho e khethehileng e tsamaeang le ena, Ho Tsoela Pele ho Tloaelehileng: Ho utloisisa Bofokoli bo Bonolo ba Kelello e ka shejoa ho alz.org/facts. Tlaleho e tla hlaha hape tokollong ea April 2022 ea Alzheimer's & Dementia: Journal of the Alzheimer's Association.

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Mabapi le mongoli

mohlophisi

Mohlophisi e moholo oa eTurboNew ke Linda Hohnholz. O lula ntlong e kholo ea eTN e Honolulu, Hawaii.

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