Tobetsa mona ho bonts'a lifolakha tsa HAO leqepheng lena mme u lefelle katleho feela

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Liveine tse phatsimang tse tsoang Spain li Phephetsa "Bahlankana ba Bang"

Setšoantšo se amoheloa ke E.Garely

Mafora a sebelisitse lidolara tse ngata tsa ho bapatsa ho re thusa ho lekanya Champagne le linako tse monate, ka nako e le 'ngoe a re khothaletsa ho lumela hore veine e phatsimang ke Sefora. Liphetho? Champagne e fetohile lentsoe le fumanehang hohle. Haeba re e-na le takatso ea ho noa khalase ea veine e phatsimang boko ba rona bo potlakela lentsoeng la Champagne, 'me re beha odara ea rona le bartender kapa mookameli lebenkeleng la veine.

Ha e le hantle, ho phaella Fora (ho hlahisa libotlolo tse limilione tse 550), re na le likhetho tse kenyelletsang Italy (prosecco - ho hlahisa libotlolo tsa 660 +/-), Jeremane (ho hlahisa libotlolo tse limilione tse likete tse 350), Spain (Cava. +/- ho hlahisa libotlolo tse limilione tse 260). ), le United States (e hlahisa libotlolo tse limilione tse 162) (forbes.com). Re hlokometse hore veine e phatsimang e monate ha re thabile, e babatseha ha re hloname, e hlokahala ha re lelekoa, le seo re se hlokang ha re fumana tlhahlobo ea Omicron.

Boipiletso bo akaretsang ba veine e phatsimang bo eketsehile tlhahiso ka liphesente tse 57 ho tloha ka 2002 ’me tlhahiso ea lefatše e etsa libotlolo tse 2.5 bilione e leng ka tlaasenyana ho 8 lekholong ea kakaretso ea tlhahiso ea veine lefatšeng ka bophara ea libotlolo tse 32.5 bilione. Ho eketseha butle ke tlhokahalo le tlhahiso ea veine e phatsimang ke Australia, Brazil, UK, le Portugal.

Veine e benyang ka Sepanish? CAVA

CAVA e bolela "lehaha" kapa "sellar" moo, qalong ea tlhahiso ea cava, veine e phatsimang e ne e etsoa 'me ea tsofala kapa ea bolokoa. Baetsi ba veine ba Spain ba sebelisitse lentsoe lena ka molao ka 1970 ho arola sehlahisoa sa Spain ho champagne ea Fora. Cava e lula e hlahisoa ka ho belisoa ha bobeli ka botlolong, le bonyane likhoeli tse 9 tsa botsofali ba botlolo holim'a lilee.

Don Josep Raventos, setloholo sa Don Juame Codorniu (mothehi oa Cordorniu - e mong oa bahlahisi ba kholo ka ho fetisisa ba cava Spain), o ile a etsa botlolo ea pele e tlalehiloeng ea Cava sebakeng sa Penedes, leboea-bochabela ho Spain. Ka nako eo, phylloxera (likokoanyana tse kang ntara tse ileng tsa senya lirapa tsa morara li lakatsa mefuta e khubelu ea Penedes) li ile tsa siea sebaka ka mefuta e mesoeu feela. Ka nako ena, mefuta e mesoeu e ne e sa sebetse khoebong ha e etsoa veine e monate e khutsitseng. Ha a ithuta ka katleho ea champagne ea Fora, Raventos o ile a ithuta mokhoa ona, a e fetola ho etsa phetolelo ea Sepanishe ea champagne e sebelisang Methode Champenoise ho tloha mefuteng e fumanehang ea Sepanishe Macabeo, Xarello, le Parellada - ho tsoala Cava.

Lilemo tse leshome hamorao, Manuel Raventos o ile a qala letšolo la ho bapatsa ho pholletsa le Europe bakeng sa Cava ea hae. Ka 1888, Cordorniu Cavas o ile a hapa likhau tsa pele tsa khauta le likhau tse ngata, a theha seriti sa Spanish Cava kantle ho Spain.

'marakeng

Spain ke naha ea boraro e tsamaisang veine e phatsimang kantle ho naha, e kamora Fora hanyane, 'me thepa e romelloang kantle haholo-holo e ea United States, Jeremane le Belgium. E le veine e phatsimang ea Spain, Cava e entsoe ka mokhoa oa setso oa French Champagne. E hlahisoa haholo karolong e ka leboea-bochabela ea naha (Penedes sebakeng sa Catalonia), 'me motse oa Sant Sdaurni d'Anoia ke lehae la matlo a mangata a maholo a tlhahiso ea Catalan. Leha ho le joalo, bahlahisi ba hasane ho pholletsa le libaka tse ling tsa naha, haholo-holo moo tlhahiso ea Cava e leng karolo ea Denominacion de Origen (DO). E ka ba tšoeu (blanco) kapa rose (rosado). Mefuta ea morara e tsebahalang haholo ke Macabeo, Parellada le Xarel-lo; leha ho le joalo, ke veine e hlahisoang feela ka mokhoa oa setso e ka ngoloang CAVA. Haeba veine e hlahiswa ke tshebetso efe kapa efe e nngwe e tlamehile ho bitswa “veini e phatsimang” (vinos espumosos).

Ho etsa rose cava, ho kopanya ke NO NO.

Veine e tlameha ho hlahiswa ka mokgwa wa Saignee, o sebedisa Garnacha, Pinot Noir, Trepat kapa Monastrell. Ntle le Macabeu, Parellada le Xarel-lo, cava e kanna ea kenyelletsa morara oa Chardonnay, Pinot Noir le Subirat.

Cava e hlahisoa ka maemo a fapaneng a monate, ho tloha ho omileng (tlhaho ea brut) ka brut, brut reserve, seco, semiseco, ho dulce (e monate ka ho fetisisa). Li-cavas tse ngata ha li tsa khale hobane ke motsoako oa li-vintage tse fapaneng.

Mathata a Papatso ea Cava

Hobaneng ha lentsoe Champagne le phalla ka tlhaho ho tsoa melomong ea rona, mme Cava e kanna ea se be bukeng ea rona ea veine? Veine e phatsimang e tsoang Spain e behiloe 'marakeng oa veine e phatsimang, 'me e na le tekanyetso e sa lekaneng ea ho bapatsa. Mataliana a sebelisitse libilione tsa lidolara le li-Euro ho etsa hore Prosecco e be karolo ea mantsoe a rona a letsatsi le letsatsi, 'me Fora esale e ntse e ntšetsa pele Champagne ho tloha 1693 (ha Dom Pérignon "a qapa" Champagne,

Basebelisi ba veine ba nang le tsebo ba ananela litšoaneleho tsa Cava: kotulo ea matsoho, ho hatella dingata ka bonolo ka har'a likhatiso tse nyane tse holimo; li-lees tse atolositsoeng tse tsofalang ka botlolong; ho ntšoa ha matsoho bakeng sa li-cuvees tsa premium; le ho latela ka botshepehi mekhoa ea setso. Le hoja sehlopha sa veine se tseba, 'me se ananela lintlha tse qaqileng, ba bang ba "joaloka veine," ba lemoha veine e phatsimang.

Li-stock tsa mabenkeleng li boetse li beha Cava mosing, hangata li sutumelletsa Cava ka veine ea jug e theko e tlaase kapa meea e theko e tlaase. Li-cuvees tsa boleng bo holimo (reserva, Gran Reserva, le Cava del Paraje) ha li nke sebaka bokong ba bareki ba veine, kapa, haeba li etsa joalo, e ka ba karolong ea boko e bitsoang "budget," e qobella Cava hore a hlōlisane. ka veine ea Senyesemane e benyang esita le mefuta e meng e sa tureng ea Champagne.

Cava e ntse e hola ka botumo, 'me melao e mecha e kentse letsoho ho boloka le ho eketsa boleng ho theha Lekhotla la Taolo la Khethollo e Sirelelitsoeng ea Tšimoloho ea CAVA. Ho qala ka 2018, Javier Pages o etelletse pele mokhatlo ha e ntse e le Mopresidente oa Beke ea Veine ea Barcelona (lekhotla la machaba la veine la Spain).

Melao e Ncha

Melao e tla finyella eng? Melao e tla holisa likarolo tsa boleng ba Cava mme e kenyelle balemi bohle ba veine le baetsi ba Tlhahiso ea Tšimoloho (DO), ho eketsa tšimoloho e phahameng, le boleng.

Haeba Cava e tsofetse ho feta likhoeli tse 18 e tla bitsoa Cava de Guarda Superior, 'me e entsoe ka morara o tsoang lirapeng tsa morara tse ngolisitsoeng ho Regulatory Board's Regulatory Board of Guara Superior,' me e tlameha ho finyella litlhoko tse latelang:

a. Merara e tlameha ho ba bonyane lilemo tse 10

b. Lifate tsa morara li tlameha ho ba organic (lilemo tse 5 tsa phetoho)

c. Kotulo e phahameng ea lithane tse 4.9/acre, tlhahiso e arohaneng (ho arohanngoa ha mohlala ho tloha serapeng sa morara ho ea botlolong)

d. Bopaki ba khale le ba tlhaho - ho label

1. Tlhahiso ea Cavas de Guarda Superior (e kenyelletsa Cavas Reserve e nang le bonyane ba likhoeli tse 18 tsa botsofali; Gran Reserva e nang le bonyane ba likhoeli tse 30 tsa botsofali), le Cavas d Paraje Calificado - ho tloha sebakeng se khethehileng se nang le bonyane ba likhoeli tsa 36 botsofali - e tlameha ho ba 100% ea tlhaho ka 2025.

2. Libaka tse ncha tsa DO Cava: Comtats de Barcela, Ebro Valley, le Levante.

3. Ho iketsetsa ka boithaopo label ea "Integral Producer" bakeng sa li-wineries tse hatisang le ho tiisa karolo ea 100 lekholong ea lihlahisoa tsa bona.

4. Karohano e ncha le karohano ea Cava DO e tla hlaha ka har'a libotlolo tsa pele ka Pherekhong 2022.

Corpinnat. Bafeine ba Loanela Tokoloho

Baetsi ba veine ba Spain ba tlohetse DO ea bona, ba theha lebitso la setho se le seng: Conca del Rui Anoia hobane ha ba khotsofatsoe ke ho se tsotelle ha nalane ea Dos ho boleng bo nyenyefatsang mofuta. Corpinnat ke lebitso le lecha har'a veine ea boleng bo holimo, e benyang ea Spain, 'me bathehi ba hlahisitse leano ho Lekala la Temo la Spain bakeng sa ho fumana setifikeiti. Ha / haeba e amohetsoe, e tla ba phetoho e makatsang ea mofuta oa Cava. 

Ka 2019 li-wineries tse robong li ile tsa tloha Cava DO ho theha Corpinnat bakeng sa veine e monate e benyang. Baetsi ba veine ba ne ba batla ho kenyelletsa Corpinnat le DO empa boto ea taolo e ile ea hana - kahoo ba tsamaea. Bahlahisi ba veine ba na le kgahleho ya ho bopa veine e tsepamisitseng maikutlo hodima terroir. Ho fapana le France, Spain ha e na terroir focused classification system, mme bahlahisi ba banyane ba veine ya boleng ho pholletsa le Spain esale ba kopa phetoho ka dilemo. Bahlahisi ba bangata ba rekang morara ho mang kapa mang le kae kapa kae sebakeng sa bona se seholo haholo se hlalosoang ke tikoloho ba hlahisa lihlahisoa tse ngata tse theko e tlaase, tse bakang hlooho, lihlahisoa tsa indasteri, ba li ngola ka DO e tšoanang, ho etsa hore ho se khonehe hore libaka tse nyane tsa terroir-drive li ka ikhetholla. .

Cava ha e fete tekong e matla joalo ka Champagne.

Sena se fella ka nnete ya hore bahlahisi ba bangata ba cava ba kgona ho hlahisa veine e ngata ya boleng bo tlase ka sehlopha se tshwanang se tlotsa bahlahisi ba banyane ba veine ya boleng bo botle ka borashe ba mediocre bo tshwanang. Ho ba sieo ha taolo holim'a boleng ho bakile bonnete ba hore sehlooho se neng se tumme lefatšeng ka bophara sa Cava se lahlehetsoe ke seriti ha 'maraka oa lefats'e oa veine e phatsimang o ntse o eketseha. Cava e lahlehetsoe ke karolo ea 'maraka ho prosecco, eo mokhoa oa eona oa botle o etsang hore e be theko e tlase ho e hlahisa.

Li-Cavas tse khabisitsoeng

Ketsahalong ea morao tjena ea New York City, e tšehetsoeng ke European Union (Quality Wines from the Heart of Europe) ke bile le monyetla oa ho ba le Cavas tse seng kae. Har'a veine e phatsimang e fumanehang, tse latelang e ne e le tseo ke li ratang haholo:

1. Anna de Codorniu. Blanc de Blancs. ETSA Cava-Penedes. 70% Chardonnay, 15% Parellada, 7.5% Macabeo, 7.5% Xarel.lo

Anna e ne e le mang, 'me ke hobane'ng ha a beha lebitso la hae ho Cava? Anna de Codorniu o tsejoa e le mosali ea ileng a fetola nalane ea veine ka boqhetseke ba hae, 'me bokhabane o ile a bula maliboho ho kenyelletsoa ha Chardonnay varietal motsoakong oa Cava.

Ho ea ka mahlo, Anna o hlahisa 'mala o mosootho o khanyang le o matla o nang le lintlha tse tala tse etsang hore e khahlise ho boha, hobane lipululana li ntle, li phehella, li matla ebile li tsoela pele. Nko e thabetse ho sibolloa ha mafika a metsi, lilamunu tsa lamunu, le litholoana tsa tropike tse amanang le monko oa botsofali (nahana ka toast le brioche). Mahalapa a natefeloa ke acidity e monate, e bobebe, le thabo e tšoarellang e lebisang pheletsong e monate e telele. E phethehile joaloka aperitif, kapa ka meroho e halikiloeng, tlhapi, lijo tsa leoatleng le nama e halikiloeng; e eme e tiile e le mong kapa e kopantsoe le lijo tse theolelang.

2. L'avi Paul Gran Reserva Brut Nature. Maset/ 30% Xarel-lo, 25% Parellada, 20% Chardonnay.

Paul Masan (1777) o hopoloa ho L'avi Pau Cava, e le oa pele lelokong la lelapa. Lifate tsa khale tsa morara (lilemo tse 20-40) li lenngoe ka botebo bo tlase sebakeng sa 200-400 m ka holim'a bophahamo ba leoatle. Veine e tsofala ka har'a li-cellars 5 m ka tlase ho mobu, 'me bonyane e tsofala likhoeli tse 36.

Leihlo le fumana meriti ea khauta, le lipululana tse kopantsoeng hantle ha nko e putsoa ka litholoana tse butsoitseng haholo, lilamunu, brioche le lialmonde. Mahalapa a fumana papali e ommeng, e monate e lebisang pheletsong e telele, e phehellang ka monate o hlahisoang ke mahe a linotsi le li-crabapples. Kopanya le li-prawn le pepere e chesang kapa u tšollele holim'a li-oyster.

Ho fumana leseli le eketsehileng, tlanya mona.

Lena ke letoto le shebaneng le Veine ea Spain:

Read Karolo ea 1 Mona:  Spain e Phahamisa Papali ea Eona ea Veine: Ho Feta Sangria

Read Karolo ea 2 Mona:  Liveine tsa Spain: Latsoa Phapano Hona Joale

© Ngaka Elinor Garely. Sengoliloeng sena sa litokelo tsa molao, ho kenyeletsoa le linepe, se kanna sa se hlahisoe ntle le tumello e ngotsoeng ho tsoa ho sengoli.

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  • Sengoloa se setle le se felletseng mabapi le lefats'e la veine e phatsimang Spain. Kea leboha Dr. Elinor Barely. E, kea lumela, likelello tsa rona li na le mohala o thata ka lentsoe Champagne bakeng sa ntho e 'ngoe le e' ngoe e phatsimang. Ke ile ka tlameha ho koetlisa kelello ea ka ho khetholla le ho qala cavasocials.org e le mokhoa oa ho qala le ho ithuta ka veine e phatsimang Spain CAVA le CORPINNAT. Mona ke 2022 e benyang! le lingoliloeng tse ling tse mabapi le mefuta-futa ea Li-Sparkling Wines lefatšeng ka bophara.

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